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Write an equation for a line perpendicular to h ( t ) = −2 t + 4 and passing through the point ( −4 , –1 ) .

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Write an equation for a line perpendicular to p ( t ) = 3 t + 4 and passing through the point ( 3 , 1 ) .

y = 1 3 t + 2

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Graphical

For the following exercises, find the slope of the line graphed.

For the following exercises, write an equation for the line graphed.

For the following exercises, match the given linear equation with its graph in [link] .

Graph of six functions where line A has a slope of 3 and y-intercept at 2, line B has a slope of 1 and y-intercept at 2, line C has a slope of 0 and y-intercept at 2, line D has a slope of -1/2 and y-intercept at -1, line E has a slope of -1 and y-intercept at -1, and line F has a slope of -2 and y-intercept at -1.

f ( x ) = −2 x 1

F

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f ( x ) = 1 2 x 1

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For the following exercises, sketch a line with the given features.

An x -intercept of ( –4 , 0 ) and y -intercept of ( 0 , –2 )

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An x -intercept ( –2 , 0 ) and y -intercept of ( 0 , 4 )

Graph of f with an x-intercept at -4 and y-intercept at -2 which gives us a slope of: 2.
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A y -intercept of ( 0 , 7 ) and slope 3 2

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A y -intercept of ( 0 , 3 ) and slope 2 5

Graph of f with an y-intercept at 3 and a slope of 2/5.
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Passing through the points ( –6 , –2 ) and ( 6 , –6 )

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Passing through the points ( –3 , –4 ) and ( 3 , 0 )

Graph of a line that passes through the points (-3, -4) and (3, 0) which results in a slope of 2/3.
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For the following exercises, sketch the graph of each equation.

For the following exercises, write the equation of the line shown in the graph.

Numeric

For the following exercises, which of the tables could represent a linear function? For each that could be linear, find a linear equation that models the data.

x 0 5 10 15
g ( x ) 5 –10 –25 –40

Linear, g ( x ) = 3 x + 5

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x 0 5 10 15
h ( x ) 5 30 105 230
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x 0 5 10 15
f ( x ) –5 20 45 70

Linear, f ( x ) = 5 x 5

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x 5 10 20 25
k ( x ) 13 28 58 73
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x 0 2 4 6
g ( x ) 6 –19 –44 –69

Linear, g ( x ) = 25 2 x + 6

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x 2 4 8 10
h ( x ) 13 23 43 53
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x 2 4 6 8
f ( x ) –4 16 36 56

Linear, f ( x ) = 10 x 24

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x 0 2 6 8
k ( x ) 6 31 106 231
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Technology

For the following exercises, use a calculator or graphing technology to complete the task.

If f is a linear function, f ( 0.1 ) = 11.5 ,   and   f ( 0.4 ) = –5.9 , find an equation for the function.

f ( x ) = 58 x + 17.3

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Graph the function f on a domain of [ –10 , 10 ] : f ( x ) = 0.02 x 0.01. Enter the function in a graphing utility. For the viewing window, set the minimum value of x to be −10 and the maximum value of x to be 10.

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Graph the function f on a domain of [ –10 , 10 ] : f x ) = 2 , 500 x + 4 , 000

Graph of f(x) = 2500x + 4000
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[link] shows the input, w , and output, k , for a linear function k . a. Fill in the missing values of the table. b. Write the linear function k , round to 3 decimal places.

w –10 5.5 67.5 b
k 30 –26 a –44

y = 3.613 x 6.129  

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[link] shows the input, p , and output, q , for a linear function q . a. Fill in the missing values of the table. b. Write the linear function k .

p 0.5 0.8 12 b
q 400 700 a 1,000,000
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Graph the linear function f on a domain of [ 10 , 10 ] for the function whose slope is 1 8 and y -intercept is 31 16 . Label the points for the input values of −10 and 10.

Graph of a line with endpoints at (-10, 0.6875) and (10, 3.1875).
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Graph the linear function f on a domain of [ 0.1 , 0.1 ] for the function whose slope is 75 and y -intercept is −22.5. Label the points for the input values of −0.1 and 0.1.

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Graph the linear function f where f ( x ) = a x + b on the same set of axes on a domain of [ 4 , 4 ] for the following values of a and b .

  1. a = 2 ; b = 3
  2. a = 2 ; b = 4
  3. a = 2 ; b = –4
  4. a = 2 ; b = –5
Graph of four functions where the blue line is f(x) = 2x+4 which has a slope of 2 and y-intercept of 4, the orange line is f(x) = 2x +3 which has a slope of 2 and a y-intercept of 3, the turquoise line is f(x) = 2x – 4 which has a slope of 2 and a y-intercept of -4, and the red line is f(x) = 2x -5 which has a slope of 2 and a y-intercept of -5.
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Extensions

Find the value of x if a linear function goes through the following points and has the following slope: ( x , 2 ) , ( −4 , 6 ) , m = 3

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Find the value of y if a linear function goes through the following points and has the following slope: ( 10 , y ) , ( 25 , 100 ) , m = −5

y = 175

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Questions & Answers

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Source:  OpenStax, Algebra and trigonometry. OpenStax CNX. Nov 14, 2016 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11758/1.6
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