<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >

A line passes through the points, ( −2 , −15 ) and ( 2 , −3 ) . Find the equation of a perpendicular line that passes through the point, ( 6 , 4 ) .

y = 1 3 x + 6

Got questions? Get instant answers now!

Access this online resource for additional instruction and practice with linear functions.

Key concepts

  • Linear functions can be represented in words, function notation, tabular form, and graphical form. See [link] .
  • An increasing linear function results in a graph that slants upward from left to right and has a positive slope. A decreasing linear function results in a graph that slants downward from left to right and has a negative slope. A constant linear function results in a graph that is a horizontal line. See [link] .
  • Slope is a rate of change. The slope of a linear function can be calculated by dividing the difference between y -values by the difference in corresponding x -values of any two points on the line. See [link] and [link] .
  • An equation for a linear function can be written from a graph. See [link] .
  • The equation for a linear function can be written if the slope m and initial value b are known. See [link] and [link] .
  • A linear function can be used to solve real-world problems given information in different forms. See [link] , [link] , and [link] .
  • Linear functions can be graphed by plotting points or by using the y -intercept and slope. See [link] and [link] .
  • Graphs of linear functions may be transformed by using shifts up, down, left, or right, as well as through stretches, compressions, and reflections. See [link] .
  • The equation for a linear function can be written by interpreting the graph. See [link] .
  • The x -intercept is the point at which the graph of a linear function crosses the x -axis. See [link] .
  • Horizontal lines are written in the form, f ( x ) = b . See [link] .
  • Vertical lines are written in the form, x = b . See [link] .
  • Parallel lines have the same slope. Perpendicular lines have negative reciprocal slopes, assuming neither is vertical. See [link] .
  • A line parallel to another line, passing through a given point, may be found by substituting the slope value of the line and the x - and y -values of the given point into the equation, f ( x ) = m x + b , and using the b that results. Similarly, the point-slope form of an equation can also be used. See [link] .
  • A line perpendicular to another line, passing through a given point, may be found in the same manner, with the exception of using the negative reciprocal slope. See [link] and [link] .

Section exercises

Verbal

Terry is skiing down a steep hill. Terry's elevation, E ( t ) , in feet after t seconds is given by E ( t ) = 3000 70 t . Write a complete sentence describing Terry’s starting elevation and how it is changing over time.

Terry starts at an elevation of 3000 feet and descends 70 feet per second.

Got questions? Get instant answers now!

Jessica is walking home from a friend’s house. After 2 minutes she is 1.4 miles from home. Twelve minutes after leaving, she is 0.9 miles from home. What is her rate in miles per hour?

Got questions? Get instant answers now!

A boat is 100 miles away from the marina, sailing directly toward it at 10 miles per hour. Write an equation for the distance of the boat from the marina after t hours.

d ( t ) = 100 10 t

Got questions? Get instant answers now!

Questions & Answers

(1+cosA)(1-cosA)=sin^2A
BINCY Reply
good
Neha
why I'm sending you solved question
Mirza
Teach me abt the echelon method
Khamis
exact value of cos(π/3-π/4)
Ankit Reply
What is differentiation?
Intakhab Reply
modul questions trigonometry
Thamarai Reply
(1+cosA)(1-cosA)=sin^2A
BINCY
differentiate f(t)=1/4t to the power 4 +8
Jessica Reply
I need trigonometry,polynomial
duru Reply
ok
Augustine
Why is 7 on top
Bertha Reply
simplify cot x / csc x
Catherine Reply
👉🌹Solve🌻 Given that: cotx/cosx =cosx/sinx/cosx =1/sinx =cosecx Ans.
Vijay
what is the period of cos?
SIYAMTHEMBA Reply
your question might not seem clear as you asked. ask well to get perfect answers put your question on a table I'm willing to help you Mr Siyamthemba
Patrick
simplify: cot x/csc x
Catherine
sorry i didnt realize you were actually asking someone else to put their question on here. i thought this was where i was supposed to.
Catherine
some to dereve formula for bulky density
kurash
Solve Given that: cotx/cosx =cosx/sinx/cosx =1/sinx =cosecx Ans.
Vijay
if tan alpha + beta is equal to sin x + Y then prove that X square + Y square - 2 I got hyperbole 2 Beta + 1 is equal to zero
Rahul Reply
questions
Thamarai
ok
AjA
sin^4+sin^2=1, prove that tan^2-tan^4+1=0
SAYANTANI Reply
what is the formula used for this question? "Jamal wants to save $54,000 for a down payment on a home. How much will he need to invest in an account with 8.2% APR, compounding daily, in order to reach his goal in 5 years?"
Kuz Reply
i don't need help solving it I just need a memory jogger please.
Kuz
A = P(1 + r/n) ^rt
Dale
how to solve an expression when equal to zero
Mintah Reply
its a very simple
Kavita
gave your expression then i solve
Kavita
Hy guys, I have a problem when it comes on solving equations and expressions, can you help me 😭😭
Thuli
Tomorrow its an revision on factorising and Simplifying...
Thuli
ok sent the quiz
kurash
send
Kavita
Hi
Masum
What is the value of log-1
Masum
the value of log1=0
Kavita
Log(-1)
Masum
What is the value of i^i
Masum
log -1 is 1.36
kurash
No
Masum
no I m right
Kavita
No sister.
Masum
no I m right
Kavita
tan20°×tan30°×tan45°×tan50°×tan60°×tan70°
Joju Reply
jaldi batao
Joju
Find the value of x between 0degree and 360 degree which satisfy the equation 3sinx =tanx
musah Reply

Get the best Algebra and trigonometry course in your pocket!





Source:  OpenStax, Algebra and trigonometry. OpenStax CNX. Nov 14, 2016 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11758/1.6
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'Algebra and trigonometry' conversation and receive update notifications?

Ask