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Grade 7

Processing: textiles

Module 18

Making a garment

Making a garment

Before you can make a garment, you need to have a pattern. Patterns simply are sheets of paper or cardboard. Each pattern piece is shaped precisely and serves as a master copy according to which you cut the different parts of the garment out of fabric. It is possible to buy a different pattern for each garment or to use a basic pattern, like dressmakers, and adjust it according to need. But before you can cut out a pattern, you need to know what your measurements are.

  1. Taking your measurements

Use a tape measure and write down the necessary measurements in the table. You will need a helper to take some of the measurements. Study the sketch on the following page to ensure that the measurements are taken correctly.

These are some important guidelines :

  1. Be relaxed while your measurements are taken.
  2. If you pull in your tummy, the garment may be too tight when it is finished.
  3. Use the tape measure loosely rather that tightly. It is easy to cut away excess fabric if the pieces are too large, but you cannot add on fabric when they are too small.
  4. If a measurement is not measurable to the centimetre, round it off to the following centimetre.
  5. Your body is still growing and you must make allowances for such growth.
Measurements My measurements in cm
Shoulder length
Shoulder to waist
Shoulder to hip
Shoulder to chest line
Arm (length)
Inner leg
Outer leg


  • How would you adjust the above measurements when you want to make a loose-fitting T-shirt?
  • Must pattern pieces be made to the exact size of the garment?
  • How would you indicate where different pattern pieces have to be stitched to one another?
  • What fabric / kind of paper should be used to make pattern pieces?
  • The pattern

The following shows a typical pattern for a garment. Can you suggest what kind of garment will be made from this pattern?

  • The solid line indicates the edge of the pattern along which you have to cut.
  • The dotted line that is 15 mm inside the solid line indicates the line along which the pattern pieces must be sewn to one another.
  • This 15 mm-wide area is the seam allowance.
  • You have to allow at least 30 mm at the lower edges of pattern pieces for hems when you are cutting out the pattern.
  • The single and double notches show you where pattern pieces have to be aligned (placed together).

The arrow shows how the pattern piece must be laid on the fabric when you want to cut it out.

The product

Designing my own pattern

  • You are going to design a pattern for a T-shirt for yourself.
  • How long should the T-shirt be?
  • Should the neckline be rounded or V-shaped?
  • The neck opening should slip over your head. How are you going to achieve this?
  • Should the shirt fit or be loose?
  • What type of fabric will suit the purpose of the shirt?
  • What type of fabric will you use?
  • Must it be soft / elastic / absorbent?
  • Must it be expensive? For what purpose will you use it?
  • Must the fabric be colourful or plain?
  • Will you decorate it with some painting or appliqué?
  • Must the fabric be crease resistant? Do you like ironing?

Questions & Answers

what is the stm
Brian Reply
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
How can I make nanorobot?
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
how can I make nanorobot?
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Technology grade 7. OpenStax CNX. Sep 10, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11032/1.1
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