# 3.4 Composition of functions  (Page 6/9)

 Page 6 / 9

## Finding the domain of a composite function involving radicals

Find the domain of

Because we cannot take the square root of a negative number, the domain of $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}g\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ is $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(-\infty ,3\right].\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ Now we check the domain of the composite function

The domain of this function is $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(-\infty ,5\right].\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ To find the domain of $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\circ g,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ we ask ourselves if there are any further restrictions offered by the domain of the composite function. The answer is no, since $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(-\infty ,3\right]\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ is a proper subset of the domain of $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\circ g.\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ This means the domain of $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\circ g\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ is the same as the domain of $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}g,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ namely, $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(-\infty ,3\right].$

Find the domain of

$\left[-4,0\right)\cup \left(0,\infty \right)$

## Decomposing a composite function into its component functions

In some cases, it is necessary to decompose a complicated function. In other words, we can write it as a composition of two simpler functions. There may be more than one way to decompose a composite function , so we may choose the decomposition that appears to be most expedient.

## Decomposing a function

Write $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(x\right)=\sqrt{5-{x}^{2}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ as the composition of two functions.

We are looking for two functions, $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}g\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ and $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}h,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ so $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(x\right)=g\left(h\left(x\right)\right).\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ To do this, we look for a function inside a function in the formula for $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(x\right).\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ As one possibility, we might notice that the expression $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}5-{x}^{2}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ is the inside of the square root. We could then decompose the function as

We can check our answer by recomposing the functions.

$g\left(h\left(x\right)\right)=g\left(5-{x}^{2}\right)=\sqrt{5-{x}^{2}}$

Write $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(x\right)=\frac{4}{3-\sqrt{4+{x}^{2}}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ as the composition of two functions.

$\begin{array}{l}g\left(x\right)=\sqrt{4+{x}^{2}}\\ h\left(x\right)=\frac{4}{3-x}\\ f=h\circ g\end{array}$

Access these online resources for additional instruction and practice with composite functions.

## Key equation

 Composite function $\left(f\circ g\right)\left(x\right)=f\left(g\left(x\right)\right)$

## Key concepts

• We can perform algebraic operations on functions. See [link] .
• When functions are combined, the output of the first (inner) function becomes the input of the second (outer) function.
• The function produced by combining two functions is a composite function. See [link] and [link] .
• The order of function composition must be considered when interpreting the meaning of composite functions. See [link] .
• A composite function can be evaluated by evaluating the inner function using the given input value and then evaluating the outer function taking as its input the output of the inner function.
• A composite function can be evaluated from a table. See [link] .
• A composite function can be evaluated from a graph. See [link] .
• A composite function can be evaluated from a formula. See [link] .
• The domain of a composite function consists of those inputs in the domain of the inner function that correspond to outputs of the inner function that are in the domain of the outer function. See [link] and [link] .
• Just as functions can be combined to form a composite function, composite functions can be decomposed into simpler functions.
• Functions can often be decomposed in more than one way. See [link] .

## Verbal

How does one find the domain of the quotient of two functions, $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\frac{f}{g}?\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$

Find the numbers that make the function in the denominator $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}g\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ equal to zero, and check for any other domain restrictions on $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ and $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}g,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ such as an even-indexed root or zeros in the denominator.

what is math number
x-2y+3z=-3 2x-y+z=7 -x+3y-z=6
Need help solving this problem (2/7)^-2
x+2y-z=7
Sidiki
what is the coefficient of -4×
-1
Shedrak
the operation * is x * y =x + y/ 1+(x × y) show if the operation is commutative if x × y is not equal to -1
An investment account was opened with an initial deposit of \$9,600 and earns 7.4% interest, compounded continuously. How much will the account be worth after 15 years?
lim x to infinity e^1-e^-1/log(1+x)
given eccentricity and a point find the equiation
12, 17, 22.... 25th term
12, 17, 22.... 25th term
Akash
College algebra is really hard?
Absolutely, for me. My problems with math started in First grade...involving a nun Sister Anastasia, bad vision, talking & getting expelled from Catholic school. When it comes to math I just can't focus and all I can hear is our family silverware banging and clanging on the pink Formica table.
Carole
I'm 13 and I understand it great
AJ
I am 1 year old but I can do it! 1+1=2 proof very hard for me though.
Atone
hi
Not really they are just easy concepts which can be understood if you have great basics. I am 14 I understood them easily.
Vedant
find the 15th term of the geometric sequince whose first is 18 and last term of 387
I know this work
salma
The given of f(x=x-2. then what is the value of this f(3) 5f(x+1)
hmm well what is the answer
Abhi
If f(x) = x-2 then, f(3) when 5f(x+1) 5((3-2)+1) 5(1+1) 5(2) 10
Augustine
how do they get the third part x = (32)5/4
make 5/4 into a mixed number, make that a decimal, and then multiply 32 by the decimal 5/4 turns out to be
AJ
how
Sheref
can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
20/(×-6^2)
Salomon
okay, so you have 6 raised to the power of 2. what is that part of your answer
I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
it think it's written 20/(X-6)^2 so it's 20 divided by X-6 squared
Salomon
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
Salomon
I got X =-6
Salomon
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x-6
oops. ignore that.
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
hmm
Abhi
is it a question of log
Abhi
🤔.
Abhi
I rally confuse this number And equations too I need exactly help
salma
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salma
Commplementary angles
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Sherica
im all ears I need to learn
Sherica
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Tamia
hii
Uday
hi
salma
hi
Ayuba
Hello
opoku
hi
Ali
greetings from Iran
Ali
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Bach
hi
Nharnhar