<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >

Find a simplified expression for sin ( tan 1 ( 4 x ) ) for 1 4 x 1 4 .

4 x 16 x 2 + 1

Got questions? Get instant answers now!

Access this online resource for additional instruction and practice with inverse trigonometric functions.

Visit this website for additional practice questions from Learningpod.

Key concepts

  • An inverse function is one that “undoes” another function. The domain of an inverse function is the range of the original function and the range of an inverse function is the domain of the original function.
  • Because the trigonometric functions are not one-to-one on their natural domains, inverse trigonometric functions are defined for restricted domains.
  • For any trigonometric function f ( x ) , if x = f 1 ( y ) , then f ( x ) = y . However, f ( x ) = y only implies x = f 1 ( y ) if x is in the restricted domain of f . See [link] .
  • Special angles are the outputs of inverse trigonometric functions for special input values; for example, π 4 = tan 1 ( 1 ) and π 6 = sin 1 ( 1 2 ) . See [link] .
  • A calculator will return an angle within the restricted domain of the original trigonometric function. See [link] .
  • Inverse functions allow us to find an angle when given two sides of a right triangle. See [link] .
  • In function composition, if the inside function is an inverse trigonometric function, then there are exact expressions; for example, sin ( cos 1 ( x ) ) = 1 x 2 . See [link] .
  • If the inside function is a trigonometric function, then the only possible combinations are sin 1 ( cos x ) = π 2 x if 0 x π and cos 1 ( sin x ) = π 2 x if π 2 x π 2 . See [link] and [link] .
  • When evaluating the composition of a trigonometric function with an inverse trigonometric function, draw a reference triangle to assist in determining the ratio of sides that represents the output of the trigonometric function. See [link] .
  • When evaluating the composition of a trigonometric function with an inverse trigonometric function, you may use trig identities to assist in determining the ratio of sides. See [link] .

Section exercises

Verbal

Why do the functions f ( x ) = sin 1 x and g ( x ) = cos 1 x have different ranges?

The function y = sin x is one-to-one on [ π 2 , π 2 ] ; thus, this interval is the range of the inverse function of y = sin x , f ( x ) = sin 1 x . The function y = cos x is one-to-one on [ 0 , π ] ; thus, this interval is the range of the inverse function of y = cos x , f ( x ) = cos 1 x .

Got questions? Get instant answers now!

Since the functions y = cos x and y = cos 1 x are inverse functions, why is cos 1 ( cos ( π 6 ) ) not equal to π 6 ?

Got questions? Get instant answers now!

Explain the meaning of π 6 = arcsin ( 0.5 ) .

π 6 is the radian measure of an angle between π 2 and π 2 whose sine is 0.5.

Got questions? Get instant answers now!

Most calculators do not have a key to evaluate sec 1 ( 2 ) . Explain how this can be done using the cosine function or the inverse cosine function.

Got questions? Get instant answers now!

Why must the domain of the sine function, sin x , be restricted to [ π 2 , π 2 ] for the inverse sine function to exist?

In order for any function to have an inverse, the function must be one-to-one and must pass the horizontal line test. The regular sine function is not one-to-one unless its domain is restricted in some way. Mathematicians have agreed to restrict the sine function to the interval [ π 2 , π 2 ] so that it is one-to-one and possesses an inverse.

Got questions? Get instant answers now!

Questions & Answers

The sequence is {1,-1,1-1.....} has
amit Reply
circular region of radious
Kainat Reply
how can we solve this problem
Joel Reply
Sin(A+B) = sinBcosA+cosBsinA
Eseka Reply
Prove it
Eseka
Please prove it
Eseka
hi
Joel
June needs 45 gallons of punch. 2 different coolers. Bigger cooler is 5 times as large as smaller cooler. How many gallons in each cooler?
Arleathia Reply
find the sum of 28th term of the AP 3+10+17+---------
Prince Reply
I think you should say "28 terms" instead of "28th term"
Vedant
if sequence sn is a such that sn>0 for all n and lim sn=0than prove that lim (s1 s2............ sn) ke hole power n =n
SANDESH Reply
write down the polynomial function with root 1/3,2,-3 with solution
Gift Reply
if A and B are subspaces of V prove that (A+B)/B=A/(A-B)
Pream Reply
write down the value of each of the following in surd form a)cos(-65°) b)sin(-180°)c)tan(225°)d)tan(135°)
Oroke Reply
Prove that (sinA/1-cosA - 1-cosA/sinA) (cosA/1-sinA - 1-sinA/cosA) = 4
kiruba Reply
what is the answer to dividing negative index
Morosi Reply
In a triangle ABC prove that. (b+c)cosA+(c+a)cosB+(a+b)cisC=a+b+c.
Shivam Reply
give me the waec 2019 questions
Aaron Reply
the polar co-ordinate of the point (-1, -1)
Sumit Reply
Practice Key Terms 6

Get the best Algebra and trigonometry course in your pocket!





Source:  OpenStax, Algebra and trigonometry. OpenStax CNX. Nov 14, 2016 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11758/1.6
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'Algebra and trigonometry' conversation and receive update notifications?

Ask