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Section exercises

Verbal

With what kind of exponential model would half-life be associated? What role does half-life play in these models?

Half-life is a measure of decay and is thus associated with exponential decay models. The half-life of a substance or quantity is the amount of time it takes for half of the initial amount of that substance or quantity to decay.

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What is carbon dating? Why does it work? Give an example in which carbon dating would be useful.

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With what kind of exponential model would doubling time be associated? What role does doubling time play in these models?

Doubling time is a measure of growth and is thus associated with exponential growth models. The doubling time of a substance or quantity is the amount of time it takes for the initial amount of that substance or quantity to double in size.

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Define Newton’s Law of Cooling. Then name at least three real-world situations where Newton’s Law of Cooling would be applied.

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What is an order of magnitude? Why are orders of magnitude useful? Give an example to explain.

An order of magnitude is the nearest power of ten by which a quantity exponentially grows. It is also an approximate position on a logarithmic scale; Sample response: Orders of magnitude are useful when making comparisons between numbers that differ by a great amount. For example, the mass of Saturn is 95 times greater than the mass of Earth. This is the same as saying that the mass of Saturn is about 10 2 times, or 2 orders of magnitude greater, than the mass of Earth.

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Numeric

The temperature of an object in degrees Fahrenheit after t minutes is represented by the equation T ( t ) = 68 e 0.0174 t + 72. To the nearest degree, what is the temperature of the object after one and a half hours?

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For the following exercises, use the logistic growth model f ( x ) = 150 1 + 8 e 2 x .

Find and interpret f ( 0 ) . Round to the nearest tenth.

f ( 0 ) 16.7 ; The amount initially present is about 16.7 units.

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Find and interpret f ( 4 ) . Round to the nearest tenth.

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Find the carrying capacity.

150

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Determine whether the data from the table could best be represented as a function that is linear, exponential, or logarithmic. Then write a formula for a model that represents the data.

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x f ( x )
–2 0.694
–1 0.833
0 1
1 1.2
2 1.44
3 1.728
4 2.074
5 2.488

exponential; f ( x ) = 1.2 x

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Rewrite f ( x ) = 1.68 ( 0.65 ) x as an exponential equation with base e to five significant digits.

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Technology

For the following exercises, enter the data from each table into a graphing calculator and graph the resulting scatter plots. Determine whether the data from the table could represent a function that is linear, exponential, or logarithmic.

x f ( x )
1 2
2 4.079
3 5.296
4 6.159
5 6.828
6 7.375
7 7.838
8 8.238
9 8.592
10 8.908

logarithmic

Graph of the question’s table.
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x f ( x )
1 2.4
2 2.88
3 3.456
4 4.147
5 4.977
6 5.972
7 7.166
8 8.6
9 10.32
10 12.383
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x f ( x )
4 9.429
5 9.972
6 10.415
7 10.79
8 11.115
9 11.401
10 11.657
11 11.889
12 12.101
13 12.295

logarithmic

Graph of the question’s table.
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x f ( x )
1.25 5.75
2.25 8.75
3.56 12.68
4.2 14.6
5.65 18.95
6.75 22.25
7.25 23.75
8.6 27.8
9.25 29.75
10.5 33.5
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For the following exercises, use a graphing calculator and this scenario: the population of a fish farm in t years is modeled by the equation P ( t ) = 1000 1 + 9 e 0.6 t .

Questions & Answers

A laser rangefinder is locked on a comet approaching Earth. The distance g(x), in kilometers, of the comet after x days, for x in the interval 0 to 30 days, is given by g(x)=250,000csc(π30x). Graph g(x) on the interval [0, 35]. Evaluate g(5)  and interpret the information. What is the minimum distance between the comet and Earth? When does this occur? To which constant in the equation does this correspond? Find and discuss the meaning of any vertical asymptotes.
Kaitlyn Reply
The sequence is {1,-1,1-1.....} has
amit Reply
circular region of radious
Kainat Reply
how can we solve this problem
Joel Reply
Sin(A+B) = sinBcosA+cosBsinA
Eseka Reply
Prove it
Eseka
Please prove it
Eseka
hi
Joel
June needs 45 gallons of punch. 2 different coolers. Bigger cooler is 5 times as large as smaller cooler. How many gallons in each cooler?
Arleathia Reply
7.5 and 37.5
Nando
find the sum of 28th term of the AP 3+10+17+---------
Prince Reply
I think you should say "28 terms" instead of "28th term"
Vedant
the 28th term is 175
Nando
192
Kenneth
if sequence sn is a such that sn>0 for all n and lim sn=0than prove that lim (s1 s2............ sn) ke hole power n =n
SANDESH Reply
write down the polynomial function with root 1/3,2,-3 with solution
Gift Reply
if A and B are subspaces of V prove that (A+B)/B=A/(A-B)
Pream Reply
write down the value of each of the following in surd form a)cos(-65°) b)sin(-180°)c)tan(225°)d)tan(135°)
Oroke Reply
Prove that (sinA/1-cosA - 1-cosA/sinA) (cosA/1-sinA - 1-sinA/cosA) = 4
kiruba Reply
what is the answer to dividing negative index
Morosi Reply
In a triangle ABC prove that. (b+c)cosA+(c+a)cosB+(a+b)cisC=a+b+c.
Shivam Reply
give me the waec 2019 questions
Aaron Reply
Practice Key Terms 6

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Source:  OpenStax, Algebra and trigonometry. OpenStax CNX. Nov 14, 2016 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11758/1.6
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