# 7.2 Right triangle trigonometry

 Page 1 / 12
In this section you will:
• Use right triangles to evaluate trigonometric functions.
• Find function values for $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}30°\left(\frac{\pi }{6}\right),45°\left(\frac{\pi }{4}\right),$ and $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}60°\left(\frac{\pi }{3}\right).$
• Use equal cofunctions of complementary angles.
• Use the deﬁnitions of trigonometric functions of any angle.
• Use right-triangle trigonometry to solve applied problems.

Mt. Everest, which straddles the border between China and Nepal, is the tallest mountain in the world. Measuring its height is no easy task and, in fact, the actual measurement has been a source of controversy for hundreds of years. The measurement process involves the use of triangles and a branch of mathematics known as trigonometry. In this section, we will define a new group of functions known as trigonometric functions, and find out how they can be used to measure heights, such as those of the tallest mountains.

## Using right triangles to evaluate trigonometric functions

[link] shows a right triangle with a vertical side of length $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}y\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ and a horizontal side has length $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x.\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ Notice that the triangle is inscribed in a circle of radius 1. Such a circle, with a center at the origin and a radius of 1, is known as a unit circle    .

We can define the trigonometric functions in terms an angle t and the lengths of the sides of the triangle. The adjacent side    is the side closest to the angle, x . (Adjacent means “next to.”) The opposite side    is the side across from the angle, y . The hypotenuse    is the side of the triangle opposite the right angle, 1. These sides are labeled in [link] .

Given a right triangle with an acute angle of $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}t,$ the first three trigonometric functions are listed.

A common mnemonic for remembering these relationships is SohCahToa, formed from the first letters of “ S ine is o pposite over h ypotenuse, C osine is a djacent over h ypotenuse, T angent is o pposite over a djacent.”

For the triangle shown in [link] , we have the following.

Given the side lengths of a right triangle and one of the acute angles, find the sine, cosine, and tangent of that angle.

1. Find the sine as the ratio of the opposite side to the hypotenuse.
2. Find the cosine as the ratio of the adjacent side to the hypotenuse.
3. Find the tangent as the ratio of the opposite side to the adjacent side.

## Evaluating a trigonometric function of a right triangle

Given the triangle shown in [link] , find the value of $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\mathrm{cos}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\alpha .$

The side adjacent to the angle is 15, and the hypotenuse of the triangle is 17.

$\begin{array}{ccc}\hfill \mathrm{cos}\left(\alpha \right)& =& \frac{\text{adjacent}}{\text{hypotenuse}}\hfill \\ & =& \frac{15}{17}\hfill \end{array}$

Given the triangle shown in [link] , find the value of $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{sin}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}t.$

$\frac{7}{25}$

## Reciprocal functions

In addition to sine, cosine, and tangent, there are three more functions. These too are defined in terms of the sides of the triangle.

Take another look at these definitions. These functions are the reciprocals of the first three functions.

find the sum of 28th term of the AP 3+10+17+---------
I think you should say "28 terms" instead of "28th term"
Vedant
if sequence sn is a such that sn>0 for all n and lim sn=0than prove that lim (s1 s2............ sn) ke hole power n =n
write down the polynomial function with root 1/3,2,-3 with solution
if A and B are subspaces of V prove that (A+B)/B=A/(A-B)
write down the value of each of the following in surd form a)cos(-65°) b)sin(-180°)c)tan(225°)d)tan(135°)
Prove that (sinA/1-cosA - 1-cosA/sinA) (cosA/1-sinA - 1-sinA/cosA) = 4
what is the answer to dividing negative index
In a triangle ABC prove that. (b+c)cosA+(c+a)cosB+(a+b)cisC=a+b+c.
give me the waec 2019 questions
the polar co-ordinate of the point (-1, -1)
prove the identites sin x ( 1+ tan x )+ cos x ( 1+ cot x )= sec x + cosec x
tanh`(x-iy) =A+iB, find A and B
B=Ai-itan(hx-hiy)
Rukmini
Give me the reciprocal of even number
Aliyu
The reciprocal of an even number is a proper fraction
Jamilu
what is the addition of 101011 with 101010
If those numbers are binary, it's 1010101. If they are base 10, it's 202021.
Jack
extra power 4 minus 5 x cube + 7 x square minus 5 x + 1 equal to zero
the gradient function of a curve is 2x+4 and the curve passes through point (1,4) find the equation of the curve