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Adding square roots

Add 5 12 + 2 3 .

We can rewrite 5 12 as 5 4 · 3 . According the product rule, this becomes 5 4 3 . The square root of 4 is 2, so the expression becomes 5 ( 2 ) 3 , which is 10 3 . Now we can the terms have the same radicand so we can add.

10 3 + 2 3 = 12 3

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Subtracting square roots

Subtract 20 72 a 3 b 4 c 14 8 a 3 b 4 c .

Rewrite each term so they have equal radicands.

20 72 a 3 b 4 c = 20 9 4 2 a a 2 ( b 2 ) 2 c = 20 ( 3 ) ( 2 ) | a | b 2 2 a c = 120 | a | b 2 2 a c
14 8 a 3 b 4 c = 14 2 4 a a 2 ( b 2 ) 2 c = 14 ( 2 ) | a | b 2 2 a c = 28 | a | b 2 2 a c

Now the terms have the same radicand so we can subtract.

120 | a | b 2 2 a c 28 | a | b 2 2 a c = 92 | a | b 2 2 a c
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Subtract 3 80 x 4 45 x .

0

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Rationalizing denominators

When an expression involving square root radicals is written in simplest form, it will not contain a radical in the denominator. We can remove radicals from the denominators of fractions using a process called rationalizing the denominator .

We know that multiplying by 1 does not change the value of an expression. We use this property of multiplication to change expressions that contain radicals in the denominator. To remove radicals from the denominators of fractions, multiply by the form of 1 that will eliminate the radical.

For a denominator containing a single term, multiply by the radical in the denominator over itself. In other words, if the denominator is b c , multiply by c c .

For a denominator containing the sum or difference of a rational and an irrational term, multiply the numerator and denominator by the conjugate of the denominator, which is found by changing the sign of the radical portion of the denominator. If the denominator is a + b c , then the conjugate is a b c .

Given an expression with a single square root radical term in the denominator, rationalize the denominator.

  1. Multiply the numerator and denominator by the radical in the denominator.
  2. Simplify.

Rationalizing a denominator containing a single term

Write 2 3 3 10 in simplest form.

The radical in the denominator is 10 . So multiply the fraction by 10 10 . Then simplify.

2 3 3 10 10 10      2 30 30             30 15
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Write 12 3 2 in simplest form.

6 6

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Given an expression with a radical term and a constant in the denominator, rationalize the denominator.

  1. Find the conjugate of the denominator.
  2. Multiply the numerator and denominator by the conjugate.
  3. Use the distributive property.
  4. Simplify.

Rationalizing a denominator containing two terms

Write 4 1 + 5 in simplest form.

Begin by finding the conjugate of the denominator by writing the denominator and changing the sign. So the conjugate of 1 + 5 is 1 5 . Then multiply the fraction by 1 5 1 5 .

4 1 + 5 1 5 1 5 4 4 5 4 Use the distributive property . 5 1 Simplify .
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Write 7 2 + 3 in simplest form.

14 −7 3

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Using rational roots

Although square roots are the most common rational roots, we can also find cube roots, 4th roots, 5th roots, and more. Just as the square root function is the inverse of the squaring function, these roots are the inverse of their respective power functions. These functions can be useful when we need to determine the number that, when raised to a certain power, gives a certain number.

Questions & Answers

root under 3-root under 2 by 5 y square
Himanshu Reply
The sum of the first n terms of a certain series is 2^n-1, Show that , this series is Geometric and Find the formula of the n^th
amani Reply
cosA\1+sinA=secA-tanA
Aasik Reply
why two x + seven is equal to nineteen.
Kingsley Reply
The numbers cannot be combined with the x
Othman
2x + 7 =19
humberto
2x +7=19. 2x=19 - 7 2x=12 x=6
Yvonne
because x is 6
SAIDI
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Melanie Reply
simplify each radical by removing as many factors as possible (a) √75
Jason Reply
how is infinity bidder from undefined?
Karl Reply
what is the value of x in 4x-2+3
Vishal Reply
give the complete question
Shanky
4x=3-2 4x=1 x=1+4 x=5 5x
Olaiya
hi can you give another equation I'd like to solve it
Daniel
what is the value of x in 4x-2+3
Olaiya
if 4x-2+3 = 0 then 4x = 2-3 4x = -1 x = -(1÷4) is the answer.
Jacob
4x-2+3 4x=-3+2 4×=-1 4×/4=-1/4
LUTHO
then x=-1/4
LUTHO
4x-2+3 4x=-3+2 4x=-1 4x÷4=-1÷4 x=-1÷4
LUTHO
A research student is working with a culture of bacteria that doubles in size every twenty minutes. The initial population count was  1350  bacteria. Rounding to five significant digits, write an exponential equation representing this situation. To the nearest whole number, what is the population size after  3  hours?
David Reply
v=lbh calculate the volume if i.l=5cm, b=2cm ,h=3cm
Haidar Reply
Need help with math
Peya
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litshani
( cosec Q _ cot Q ) whole spuare = 1_cosQ / 1+cosQ
Aarav Reply
A guy wire for a suspension bridge runs from the ground diagonally to the top of the closest pylon to make a triangle. We can use the Pythagorean Theorem to find the length of guy wire needed. The square of the distance between the wire on the ground and the pylon on the ground is 90,000 feet. The square of the height of the pylon is 160,000 feet. So, the length of the guy wire can be found by evaluating √(90000+160000). What is the length of the guy wire?
Maxwell Reply
the indicated sum of a sequence is known as
Arku Reply
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Practice Key Terms 6

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Source:  OpenStax, Algebra and trigonometry. OpenStax CNX. Nov 14, 2016 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11758/1.6
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