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( x 4 1 ) ÷ ( x 4 )

255

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( 3 x 3 + 4 x 2 8 x + 2 ) ÷ ( x 3 )

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( 4 x 3 + 5 x 2 2 x + 7 ) ÷ ( x + 2 )

1

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For the following exercises, use the Factor Theorem to find all real zeros for the given polynomial function and one factor.

f ( x ) = 2 x 3 9 x 2 + 13 x 6 ;   x 1

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f ( x ) = 2 x 3 + x 2 5 x + 2 ;   x + 2

2 ,   1 ,   1 2

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f ( x ) = 3 x 3 + x 2 20 x + 12 ;   x + 3

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f ( x ) = 2 x 3 + 3 x 2 + x + 6 ; x + 2

2

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f ( x ) = 5 x 3 + 16 x 2 9 ; x 3

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x 3 + 3 x 2 + 4 x + 12 ; x + 3

3

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4 x 3 7 x + 3 ; x 1

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2 x 3 + 5 x 2 12 x 30 , 2 x + 5

5 2 ,   6 ,   6

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For the following exercises, use the Rational Zero Theorem to find all real zeros.

x 3 3 x 2 10 x + 24 = 0

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2 x 3 + 7 x 2 10 x 24 = 0

2 ,   4 ,   3 2

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x 3 + 2 x 2 9 x 18 = 0

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x 3 + 5 x 2 16 x 80 = 0

4 ,   4 ,   5

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x 3 3 x 2 25 x + 75 = 0

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2 x 3 3 x 2 32 x 15 = 0

5 ,   3 ,   1 2

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2 x 3 + x 2 7 x 6 = 0

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2 x 3 3 x 2 x + 1 = 0

1 2 ,   1 + 5 2 ,   1 5 2

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3 x 3 x 2 11 x 6 = 0

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2 x 3 5 x 2 + 9 x 9 = 0

3 2

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2 x 3 3 x 2 + 4 x + 3 = 0

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x 4 2 x 3 7 x 2 + 8 x + 12 = 0

2 ,   3 ,   1 ,   2

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x 4 + 2 x 3 9 x 2 2 x + 8 = 0

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4 x 4 + 4 x 3 25 x 2 x + 6 = 0

1 2 ,   1 2 ,   2 ,   3

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2 x 4 3 x 3 15 x 2 + 32 x 12 = 0

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x 4 + 2 x 3 4 x 2 10 x 5 = 0

1 ,   1 ,   5 ,   5

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8 x 4 + 26 x 3 + 39 x 2 + 26 x + 6

3 4 ,   1 2

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For the following exercises, find all complex solutions (real and non-real).

x 3 8 x 2 + 25 x 26 = 0

2 ,   3 + 2 i ,   3 2 i

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x 3 + 13 x 2 + 57 x + 85 = 0

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3 x 3 4 x 2 + 11 x + 10 = 0

2 3 ,   1 + 2 i ,   1 2 i

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x 4 + 2 x 3 + 22 x 2 + 50 x 75 = 0

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2 x 3 3 x 2 + 32 x + 17 = 0

1 2 ,   1 + 4 i ,   1 4 i

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Graphical

For the following exercises, use Descartes’ Rule to determine the possible number of positive and negative solutions. Confirm with the given graph.

f ( x ) = x 4 x 2 1

1 positive, 1 negative

Graph of f(x)=x^4-x^2-1.
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f ( x ) = x 3 2 x 2 5 x + 6

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f ( x ) = x 3 2 x 2 + x 1

3 or 1 positive, 0 negative

Graph of f(x)=x^3-2x^2+x-1.
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f ( x ) = x 4 + 2 x 3 12 x 2 + 14 x 5

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f ( x ) = 2 x 3 + 37 x 2 + 200 x + 300

0 positive, 3 or 1 negative

Graph of f(x)=2x^3+37x^2+200x+300.
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f ( x ) = x 3 2 x 2 16 x + 32

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f ( x ) = 2 x 4 5 x 3 5 x 2 + 5 x + 3

2 or 0 positive, 2 or 0 negative

Graph of f(x)=2x^4-5x^3-5x^2+5x+3.
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f ( x ) = 2 x 4 5 x 3 14 x 2 + 20 x + 8

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f ( x ) = 10 x 4 21 x 2 + 11

2 or 0 positive, 2 or 0 negative

Graph of f(x)=10x^4-21x^2+11.
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Numeric

For the following exercises, list all possible rational zeros for the functions.

f ( x ) = x 4 + 3 x 3 4 x + 4

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f ( x ) = 2 x 3 + 3 x 2 8 x + 5

± 5 ,   ± 1 ,   ± 5 2

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f ( x ) = 3 x 3 + 5 x 2 5 x + 4

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f ( x ) = 6 x 4 10 x 2 + 13 x + 1

± 1 ,   ± 1 2 ,   ± 1 3 ,   ± 1 6

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f ( x ) = 4 x 5 10 x 4 + 8 x 3 + x 2 8

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Technology

For the following exercises, use your calculator to graph the polynomial function. Based on the graph, find the rational zeros. All real solutions are rational.

f ( x ) = 6 x 3 7 x 2 + 1

1 ,   1 2 ,   1 3

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f ( x ) = 4 x 3 4 x 2 13 x 5

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f ( x ) = 8 x 3 6 x 2 23 x + 6

2 ,   1 4 ,   3 2

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f ( x ) = 12 x 4 + 55 x 3 + 12 x 2 117 x + 54

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f ( x ) = 16 x 4 24 x 3 + x 2 15 x + 25

5 4

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Extensions

For the following exercises, construct a polynomial function of least degree possible using the given information.

Real roots: –1, 1, 3 and ( 2 , f ( 2 ) ) = ( 2 , 4 )

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Real roots: –1 (with multiplicity 2 and 1) and ( 2 , f ( 2 ) ) = ( 2 , 4 )

f ( x ) = 4 9 ( x 3 + x 2 x 1 )

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Real roots: –2, 1 2 (with multiplicity 2) and ( 3 , f ( 3 ) ) = ( 3 , 5 )

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Real roots: 1 2 , 0, 1 2 and ( 2 , f ( 2 ) ) = ( 2 , 6 )

f ( x ) = 1 5 ( 4 x 3 x )

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Real roots: –4, –1, 1, 4 and ( 2 , f ( 2 ) ) = ( 2 , 10 )

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Real-world applications

For the following exercises, find the dimensions of the box described.

The length is twice as long as the width. The height is 2 inches greater than the width. The volume is 192 cubic inches.

8 by 4 by 6 inches

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The length, width, and height are consecutive whole numbers. The volume is 120 cubic inches.

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The length is one inch more than the width, which is one inch more than the height. The volume is 86.625 cubic inches.

5.5 by 4.5 by 3.5 inches

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The length is three times the height and the height is one inch less than the width. The volume is 108 cubic inches.

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The length is 3 inches more than the width. The width is 2 inches more than the height. The volume is 120 cubic inches.

8 by 5 by 3 inches

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For the following exercises, find the dimensions of the right circular cylinder described.

The radius is 3 inches more than the height. The volume is 16 π cubic meters.

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The height is one less than one half the radius. The volume is 72 π cubic meters.

Radius = 6 meters, Height = 2 meters

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The radius and height differ by one meter. The radius is larger and the volume is 48 π cubic meters.

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The radius and height differ by two meters. The height is greater and the volume is 28.125 π cubic meters.

Radius = 2.5 meters, Height = 4.5 meters

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The radius is 1 3 meter greater than the height. The volume is 98 9 π cubic meters.

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Questions & Answers

A laser rangefinder is locked on a comet approaching Earth. The distance g(x), in kilometers, of the comet after x days, for x in the interval 0 to 30 days, is given by g(x)=250,000csc(π30x). Graph g(x) on the interval [0, 35]. Evaluate g(5)  and interpret the information. What is the minimum distance between the comet and Earth? When does this occur? To which constant in the equation does this correspond? Find and discuss the meaning of any vertical asymptotes.
Kaitlyn Reply
The sequence is {1,-1,1-1.....} has
amit Reply
circular region of radious
Kainat Reply
how can we solve this problem
Joel Reply
Sin(A+B) = sinBcosA+cosBsinA
Eseka Reply
Prove it
Eseka
Please prove it
Eseka
hi
Joel
June needs 45 gallons of punch. 2 different coolers. Bigger cooler is 5 times as large as smaller cooler. How many gallons in each cooler?
Arleathia Reply
7.5 and 37.5
Nando
find the sum of 28th term of the AP 3+10+17+---------
Prince Reply
I think you should say "28 terms" instead of "28th term"
Vedant
the 28th term is 175
Nando
192
Kenneth
if sequence sn is a such that sn>0 for all n and lim sn=0than prove that lim (s1 s2............ sn) ke hole power n =n
SANDESH Reply
write down the polynomial function with root 1/3,2,-3 with solution
Gift Reply
if A and B are subspaces of V prove that (A+B)/B=A/(A-B)
Pream Reply
write down the value of each of the following in surd form a)cos(-65°) b)sin(-180°)c)tan(225°)d)tan(135°)
Oroke Reply
Prove that (sinA/1-cosA - 1-cosA/sinA) (cosA/1-sinA - 1-sinA/cosA) = 4
kiruba Reply
what is the answer to dividing negative index
Morosi Reply
In a triangle ABC prove that. (b+c)cosA+(c+a)cosB+(a+b)cisC=a+b+c.
Shivam Reply
give me the waec 2019 questions
Aaron Reply
Practice Key Terms 6

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Source:  OpenStax, Algebra and trigonometry. OpenStax CNX. Nov 14, 2016 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11758/1.6
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