11.1 Systems of linear equations: two variables  (Page 7/20)

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Meal tickets at the circus cost $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{}4.00\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ for children and $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{}12.00\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ for adults. If $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}1,650\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ meal tickets were bought for a total of $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{}14,200,$ how many children and how many adults bought meal tickets?

700 children, 950 adults

Access these online resources for additional instruction and practice with systems of linear equations.

Key concepts

• A system of linear equations consists of two or more equations made up of two or more variables such that all equations in the system are considered simultaneously.
• The solution to a system of linear equations in two variables is any ordered pair that satisfies each equation independently. See [link] .
• Systems of equations are classified as independent with one solution, dependent with an infinite number of solutions, or inconsistent with no solution.
• One method of solving a system of linear equations in two variables is by graphing. In this method, we graph the equations on the same set of axes. See [link] .
• Another method of solving a system of linear equations is by substitution. In this method, we solve for one variable in one equation and substitute the result into the second equation. See [link] .
• A third method of solving a system of linear equations is by addition, in which we can eliminate a variable by adding opposite coefficients of corresponding variables. See [link] .
• It is often necessary to multiply one or both equations by a constant to facilitate elimination of a variable when adding the two equations together. See [link] , [link] , and [link] .
• Either method of solving a system of equations results in a false statement for inconsistent systems because they are made up of parallel lines that never intersect. See [link] .
• The solution to a system of dependent equations will always be true because both equations describe the same line. See [link] .
• Systems of equations can be used to solve real-world problems that involve more than one variable, such as those relating to revenue, cost, and profit. See [link] and [link] .

Verbal

Can a system of linear equations have exactly two solutions? Explain why or why not.

No, you can either have zero, one, or infinitely many. Examine graphs.

If you are performing a break-even analysis for a business and their cost and revenue equations are dependent, explain what this means for the company’s profit margins.

If you are solving a break-even analysis and get a negative break-even point, explain what this signifies for the company?

This means there is no realistic break-even point. By the time the company produces one unit they are already making profit.

If you are solving a break-even analysis and there is no break-even point, explain what this means for the company. How should they ensure there is a break-even point?

Given a system of equations, explain at least two different methods of solving that system.

You can solve by substitution (isolating $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ or $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}y\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ ), graphically, or by addition.

Algebraic

For the following exercises, determine whether the given ordered pair is a solution to the system of equations.

Questions & Answers

write down the polynomial function with root 1/3,2,-3 with solution
Gift Reply
if A and B are subspaces of V prove that (A+B)/B=A/(A-B)
Pream Reply
write down the value of each of the following in surd form a)cos(-65°) b)sin(-180°)c)tan(225°)d)tan(135°)
Oroke Reply
Prove that (sinA/1-cosA - 1-cosA/sinA) (cosA/1-sinA - 1-sinA/cosA) = 4
kiruba Reply
what is the answer to dividing negative index
Morosi Reply
In a triangle ABC prove that. (b+c)cosA+(c+a)cosB+(a+b)cisC=a+b+c.
Shivam Reply
give me the waec 2019 questions
Aaron Reply
the polar co-ordinate of the point (-1, -1)
Sumit Reply
prove the identites sin x ( 1+ tan x )+ cos x ( 1+ cot x )= sec x + cosec x
Rockstar Reply
tanh`(x-iy) =A+iB, find A and B
Pankaj Reply
B=Ai-itan(hx-hiy)
Rukmini
what is the addition of 101011 with 101010
Branded Reply
If those numbers are binary, it's 1010101. If they are base 10, it's 202021.
Jack
extra power 4 minus 5 x cube + 7 x square minus 5 x + 1 equal to zero
archana Reply
the gradient function of a curve is 2x+4 and the curve passes through point (1,4) find the equation of the curve
Kc Reply
1+cos²A/cos²A=2cosec²A-1
Ramesh Reply
test for convergence the series 1+x/2+2!/9x3
success Reply

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Source:  OpenStax, Algebra and trigonometry. OpenStax CNX. Nov 14, 2016 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11758/1.6
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