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Section exercises

Verbal

Discuss the meaning of a sequence. If a finite sequence is defined by a formula, what is its domain? What about an infinite sequence?

A sequence is an ordered list of numbers that can be either finite or infinite in number. When a finite sequence is defined by a formula, its domain is a subset of the non-negative integers. When an infinite sequence is defined by a formula, its domain is all positive or all non-negative integers.

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Describe three ways that a sequence can be defined.

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Is the ordered set of even numbers an infinite sequence? What about the ordered set of odd numbers? Explain why or why not.

Yes, both sets go on indefinitely, so they are both infinite sequences.

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What happens to the terms a n of a sequence when there is a negative factor in the formula that is raised to a power that includes n ? What is the term used to describe this phenomenon?

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What is a factorial, and how is it denoted? Use an example to illustrate how factorial notation can be beneficial.

A factorial is the product of a positive integer and all the positive integers below it. An exclamation point is used to indicate the operation. Answers may vary. An example of the benefit of using factorial notation is when indicating the product It is much easier to write than it is to write out 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 .

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Algebraic

For the following exercises, write the first four terms of the sequence.

a n = 16 n + 1

First four terms: 8 ,   16 3 ,   4 ,   16 5

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a n = ( 5 ) n 1

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a n = 2 n n 3

First four terms: 2 ,   1 2 ,   8 27 ,   1 4 .

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a n = 1.25 ( 4 ) n 1

First four terms: 1.25 ,   5 ,   20 ,   80 .

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a n = 4 ( 6 ) n 1

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a n = n 2 2 n + 1

First four terms: 1 3 ,   4 5 ,   9 7 ,   16 9 .

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a n = ( 4 ( 5 ) n 1 5 )

First four terms: 4 5 ,   4 ,   20 ,   100

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For the following exercises, write the first eight terms of the piecewise sequence.

a n = { ( 2 ) n 2 if  n  is even ( 3 ) n 1 if  n  is odd

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a n = { n 2 2 n + 1 if  n   5 n 2 5 if  n  >5

1 3 ,   4 5 ,   9 7 ,   16 9 ,   25 11 ,   31 ,   44 ,   59

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a n = { ( 2 n + 1 ) 2 if  n  is divisible by 4 2 n if  n  is not divisible by 4

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a n = { 0.6 5 n 1 if  n  is prime or 1 2.5 ( 2 ) n 1 if  n  is composite

0.6 , 3 , 15 , 20 , 375 , 80 , 9375 , 320

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a n = { 4 ( n 2 2 ) if  n   3  or  n  > 6 n 2 2 4 if  3 < n 6

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For the following exercises, write an explicit formula for each sequence.

4 ,   7 ,   12 ,   19 ,   28 ,

a n = n 2 + 3

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4 , 2 , 10 , 14 , 34 ,

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1 , 1 , 4 3 , 2 , 16 5 ,

a n = 2 n 2 n  or  2 n 1 n

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0 , 1 e 1 1 + e 2 , 1 e 2 1 + e 3 , 1 e 3 1 + e 4 , 1 e 4 1 + e 5 ,

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1 , 1 2 , 1 4 , 1 8 , 1 16 ,

a n = ( 1 2 ) n 1

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For the following exercises, write the first five terms of the sequence.

a 1 = 9 ,   a n = a n 1 + n

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a 1 = 3 ,   a n = ( 3 ) a n 1

First five terms: 3 ,   9 ,   27 ,   81 ,   243

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a 1 = 4 ,   a n = a n 1 + 2 n a n 1 1

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a 1 = 1 ,   a n = ( 3 ) n 1 a n 1 2

First five terms: 1 ,   1 ,   9 ,   27 11 ,   891 5

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a 1 = 30 ,   a n = ( 2 + a n 1 ) ( 1 2 ) n

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For the following exercises, write the first eight terms of the sequence.

a 1 = 1 24 ,  a 2 = 1 ,   a n = ( 2 a n 2 ) ( 3 a n 1 )

1 24 ,  1,  1 4 ,   3 2 ,   9 4 ,   81 4 ,   2187 8 ,   531 , 441 16

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a 1 = 1 ,  a 2 = 5 ,   a n = a n 2 ( 3 a n 1 )

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a 1 = 2 ,  a 2 = 10 ,   a n = 2 ( a n 1 + 2 ) a n 2

2 ,   10 ,   12 ,   14 5 ,   4 5 ,   2 ,   10 ,   12

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For the following exercises, write a recursive formula for each sequence.

2.5 , 5 , 10 , 20 , 40 ,

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8 , 6 , 3 , 1 , 6 ,

a 1 = 8 , a n = a n 1 + n

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2 ,   4 ,   12 ,   48 ,   240 ,  

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35 ,   38 ,   41 ,   44 ,   47 ,  

a 1 = 35 , a n = a n 1 + 3

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15 , 3 , 3 5 , 3 25 , 3 125 ,

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For the following exercises, evaluate the factorial.

Questions & Answers

The sequence is {1,-1,1-1.....} has
amit Reply
circular region of radious
Kainat Reply
how can we solve this problem
Joel Reply
Sin(A+B) = sinBcosA+cosBsinA
Eseka Reply
Prove it
Eseka
Please prove it
Eseka
hi
Joel
June needs 45 gallons of punch. 2 different coolers. Bigger cooler is 5 times as large as smaller cooler. How many gallons in each cooler?
Arleathia Reply
7.5 and 37.5
Nando
find the sum of 28th term of the AP 3+10+17+---------
Prince Reply
I think you should say "28 terms" instead of "28th term"
Vedant
the 28th term is 175
Nando
192
Kenneth
if sequence sn is a such that sn>0 for all n and lim sn=0than prove that lim (s1 s2............ sn) ke hole power n =n
SANDESH Reply
write down the polynomial function with root 1/3,2,-3 with solution
Gift Reply
if A and B are subspaces of V prove that (A+B)/B=A/(A-B)
Pream Reply
write down the value of each of the following in surd form a)cos(-65°) b)sin(-180°)c)tan(225°)d)tan(135°)
Oroke Reply
Prove that (sinA/1-cosA - 1-cosA/sinA) (cosA/1-sinA - 1-sinA/cosA) = 4
kiruba Reply
what is the answer to dividing negative index
Morosi Reply
In a triangle ABC prove that. (b+c)cosA+(c+a)cosB+(a+b)cisC=a+b+c.
Shivam Reply
give me the waec 2019 questions
Aaron Reply
the polar co-ordinate of the point (-1, -1)
Sumit Reply
Practice Key Terms 8

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Source:  OpenStax, Algebra and trigonometry. OpenStax CNX. Nov 14, 2016 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11758/1.6
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