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Section exercises

Verbal

Explain whether a system of two nonlinear equations can have exactly two solutions. What about exactly three? If not, explain why not. If so, give an example of such a system, in graph form, and explain why your choice gives two or three answers.

A nonlinear system could be representative of two circles that overlap and intersect in two locations, hence two solutions. A nonlinear system could be representative of a parabola and a circle, where the vertex of the parabola meets the circle and the branches also intersect the circle, hence three solutions.

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When graphing an inequality, explain why we only need to test one point to determine whether an entire region is the solution?

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When you graph a system of inequalities, will there always be a feasible region? If so, explain why. If not, give an example of a graph of inequalities that does not have a feasible region. Why does it not have a feasible region?

No. There does not need to be a feasible region. Consider a system that is bounded by two parallel lines. One inequality represents the region above the upper line; the other represents the region below the lower line. In this case, no points in the plane are located in both regions; hence there is no feasible region.

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If you graph a revenue and cost function, explain how to determine in what regions there is profit.

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If you perform your break-even analysis and there is more than one solution, explain how you would determine which x -values are profit and which are not.

Choose any number between each solution and plug into C ( x ) and R ( x ) . If C ( x ) < R ( x ) , then there is profit.

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Algebraic

For the following exercises, solve the system of nonlinear equations using substitution.

    x + y = 4 x 2 + y 2 = 9

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          y = x −3 x 2 + y 2 = 9

( 0 , −3 ) , ( 3 , 0 )

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          y = x x 2 + y 2 = 9

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          y = x x 2 + y 2 = 9

( 3 2 2 , 3 2 2 ) , ( 3 2 2 , 3 2 2 )

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          x = 2 x 2 y 2 = 9

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For the following exercises, solve the system of nonlinear equations using elimination.

4 x 2 −9 y 2 = 36 4 x 2 + 9 y 2 = 36

( −3 , 0 ) , ( 3 , 0 )

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x 2 + y 2 = 25 x 2 y 2 = 1

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2 x 2 + 4 y 2 = 4 2 x 2 −4 y 2 = 25 x −10

( 1 4 , 62 8 ) , ( 1 4 , 62 8 )

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y 2 x 2 = 9 3 x 2 + 2 y 2 = 8

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x 2 + y 2 + 1 16 = 2500 y = 2 x 2

( 398 4 , 199 4 ) , ( 398 4 , 199 4 )

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For the following exercises, use any method to solve the system of nonlinear equations.

−2 x 2 + y = −5      6 x y = 9

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x 2 + y = 2   x + y = 2

( 0 , 2 ) , ( 1 , 3 )

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x 2 + y 2 = 1            y = 20 x 2 −1

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x 2 + y 2 = 1            y = x 2

( 1 2 ( 5 −1 ) , 1 2 ( 1 5 ) ) , ( 1 2 ( 5 −1 ) , 1 2 ( 1 5 ) )

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2 x 3 x 2 = y             y = 1 2 x

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9 x 2 + 25 y 2 = 225 ( x −6 ) 2 + y 2 = 1

( 5 , 0 )

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x 4 x 2 = y    x 2 + y = 0

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2 x 3 x 2 = y      x 2 + y = 0

( 0 , 0 )

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For the following exercises, use any method to solve the nonlinear system.

x 2 + y 2 = 9           y = 3 x 2

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x 2 y 2 = 9            x = 3

( 3 , 0 )

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x 2 y 2 = 9            y = 3

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x 2 y 2 = 9      x y = 0

No Solutions Exist

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x 2 + y = 2 −4 x + y = −1

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x 2 + y = 2           2 y = x

No Solutions Exist

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x 2 + y 2 = 25 x 2 y 2 = 36

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x 2 + y 2 = 1          y 2 = x 2

( 2 2 , 2 2 ) , ( 2 2 , 2 2 ) , ( 2 2 , 2 2 ) , ( 2 2 , 2 2 )

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16 x 2 −9 y 2 + 144 = 0                  y 2 + x 2 = 16

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       3 x 2 y 2 = 12 ( x −1 ) 2 + y 2 = 1

( 2 , 0 )

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       3 x 2 y 2 = 12 ( x −1 ) 2 + y 2 = 4

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3 x 2 y 2 = 12     x 2 + y 2 = 16

( 7 , −3 ) , ( 7 , 3 ) , ( 7 , −3 ) , ( 7 , 3 )

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x 2 y 2 6 x 4 y 11 = 0                     x 2 + y 2 = 5

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x 2 + y 2 −6 y = 7            x 2 + y = 1

( 1 2 ( 73 −5 ) , 1 2 ( 7 73 ) ) , ( 1 2 ( 73 −5 ) , 1 2 ( 7 73 ) )

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x 2 + y 2 = 6          x y = 1

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Graphical

For the following exercises, graph the inequality.

For the following exercises, graph the system of inequalities. Label all points of intersection.

x 2 + y < −5 y > 5 x + 10

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x 2 + y 2 < 25 3 x 2 y 2 > 12

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x 2 y 2 > −4 x 2 + y 2 < 12

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x 2 + 3 y 2 > 16 3 x 2 y 2 < 1

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Extensions

For the following exercises, graph the inequality.

y e x y ln ( x ) + 5

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y log ( x ) y e x

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For the following exercises, find the solutions to the nonlinear equations with two variables.

4 x 2 + 1 y 2 = 24 5 x 2 2 y 2 + 4 = 0

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6 x 2 1 y 2 = 8 1 x 2 6 y 2 = 1 8

( −2 70 383 , −2 35 29 ) , ( −2 70 383 , 2 35 29 ) , ( 2 70 383 , −2 35 29 ) , ( 2 70 383 , 2 35 29 )

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x 2 x y + y 2 −2 = 0                 x + 3 y = 4

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x 2 x y −2 y 2 −6 = 0                 x 2 + y 2 = 1

No Solution Exists

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x 2 + 4 x y −2 y 2 −6 = 0                             x = y + 2

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Technology

For the following exercises, solve the system of inequalities. Use a calculator to graph the system to confirm the answer.

x y < 1 y > x

x = 0 , y > 0 and 0 < x < 1 , x < y < 1 x

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Real-world applications

For the following exercises, construct a system of nonlinear equations to describe the given behavior, then solve for the requested solutions.

Two numbers add up to 300. One number is twice the square of the other number. What are the numbers?

12, 288

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The squares of two numbers add to 360. The second number is half the value of the first number squared. What are the numbers?

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A laptop company has discovered their cost and revenue functions for each day: C ( x ) = 3 x 2 −10 x + 200 and R ( x ) = −2 x 2 + 100 x + 50. If they want to make a profit, what is the range of laptops per day that they should produce? Round to the nearest number which would generate profit.

2–20 computers

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A cell phone company has the following cost and revenue functions: C ( x ) = 8 x 2 −600 x + 21,500 and R ( x ) = −3 x 2 + 480 x . What is the range of cell phones they should produce each day so there is profit? Round to the nearest number that generates profit.

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Questions & Answers

stock therom F=(x2+y2) i-2xy J jaha x=a y=o y=b
Saurabh Reply
root under 3-root under 2 by 5 y square
Himanshu Reply
The sum of the first n terms of a certain series is 2^n-1, Show that , this series is Geometric and Find the formula of the n^th
amani Reply
cosA\1+sinA=secA-tanA
Aasik Reply
why two x + seven is equal to nineteen.
Kingsley Reply
The numbers cannot be combined with the x
Othman
2x + 7 =19
humberto
2x +7=19. 2x=19 - 7 2x=12 x=6
Yvonne
because x is 6
SAIDI
what is the best practice that will address the issue on this topic? anyone who can help me. i'm working on my action research.
Melanie Reply
simplify each radical by removing as many factors as possible (a) √75
Jason Reply
how is infinity bidder from undefined?
Karl Reply
what is the value of x in 4x-2+3
Vishal Reply
give the complete question
Shanky
4x=3-2 4x=1 x=1+4 x=5 5x
Olaiya
hi can you give another equation I'd like to solve it
Daniel
what is the value of x in 4x-2+3
Olaiya
if 4x-2+3 = 0 then 4x = 2-3 4x = -1 x = -(1÷4) is the answer.
Jacob
4x-2+3 4x=-3+2 4×=-1 4×/4=-1/4
LUTHO
then x=-1/4
LUTHO
4x-2+3 4x=-3+2 4x=-1 4x÷4=-1÷4 x=-1÷4
LUTHO
A research student is working with a culture of bacteria that doubles in size every twenty minutes. The initial population count was  1350  bacteria. Rounding to five significant digits, write an exponential equation representing this situation. To the nearest whole number, what is the population size after  3  hours?
David Reply
v=lbh calculate the volume if i.l=5cm, b=2cm ,h=3cm
Haidar Reply
Need help with math
Peya
can you help me on this topic of Geometry if l help you
litshani
( cosec Q _ cot Q ) whole spuare = 1_cosQ / 1+cosQ
Aarav Reply
A guy wire for a suspension bridge runs from the ground diagonally to the top of the closest pylon to make a triangle. We can use the Pythagorean Theorem to find the length of guy wire needed. The square of the distance between the wire on the ground and the pylon on the ground is 90,000 feet. The square of the height of the pylon is 160,000 feet. So, the length of the guy wire can be found by evaluating √(90000+160000). What is the length of the guy wire?
Maxwell Reply
the indicated sum of a sequence is known as
Arku Reply
how do I attempted a trig number as a starter
Tumwe Reply
Practice Key Terms 4

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Source:  OpenStax, Algebra and trigonometry. OpenStax CNX. Nov 14, 2016 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11758/1.6
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