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What is the percent chance that a player selects exactly 3 winning numbers?

C ( 20 , 3 ) C ( 60 , 17 ) C ( 80 , 20 ) 12.49 %

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What is the percent chance that a player selects exactly 4 winning numbers?

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What is the percent chance that a player selects all 5 winning numbers?

C ( 20 , 5 ) C ( 60 , 15 ) C ( 80 , 20 ) 23.33 %

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What is the percent chance of winning?

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How much less is a player’s chance of selecting 3 winning numbers than the chance of selecting either 4 or 5 winning numbers?

20.50 + 23.33 12.49 = 31.34 %

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Real-world applications

Use this data for the exercises that follow: In 2013, there were roughly 317 million citizens in the United States, and about 40 million were elderly (aged 65 and over). United States Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov

If you meet a U.S. citizen, what is the percent chance that the person is elderly? (Round to the nearest tenth of a percent.)

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If you meet five U.S. citizens, what is the percent chance that exactly one is elderly? (Round to the nearest tenth of a percent.)

C ( 40000000 , 1 ) C ( 277000000 , 4 ) C ( 317000000 , 5 ) = 36.78 %

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If you meet five U.S. citizens, what is the percent chance that three are elderly? (Round to the nearest tenth of a percent.)

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If you meet five U.S. citizens, what is the percent chance that four are elderly? (Round to the nearest thousandth of a percent.)

C ( 40000000 , 4 ) C ( 277000000 , 1 ) C ( 317000000 , 5 ) = 0.11 %

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It is predicted that by 2030, one in five U.S. citizens will be elderly. How much greater will the chances of meeting an elderly person be at that time? What policy changes do you foresee if these statistics hold true?

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Chapter review exercises

Sequences and Their Notation

Write the first four terms of the sequence defined by the recursive formula a 1 = 2 , a n = a n 1 + n .

2 , 4 , 7 , 11

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Evaluate 6 ! ( 5 3 ) ! 3 ! .

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Write the first four terms of the sequence defined by the explicit formula a n = 10 n + 3.

13 , 103 , 1003 , 10003

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Write the first four terms of the sequence defined by the explicit formula a n = n ! n ( n + 1 ) .

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Arithmetic Sequences

Is the sequence 4 7 , 47 21 , 82 21 , 39 7 , ... arithmetic? If so, find the common difference.

The sequence is arithmetic. The common difference is d = 5 3 .

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Is the sequence 2 , 4 , 8 , 16 , ... arithmetic? If so, find the common difference.

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An arithmetic sequence has the first term a 1 = 18 and common difference d = 8. What are the first five terms?

18 , 10 , 2 , 6 , 14

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An arithmetic sequence has terms a 3 = 11.7 and a 8 = 14.6. What is the first term?

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Write a recursive formula for the arithmetic sequence 20 , 10 , 0 , 10 ,…

a 1 = 20 ,   a n = a n 1 + 10

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Write a recursive formula for the arithmetic sequence 0 ,   1 2 ,   1 ,   3 2 , , and then find the 31 st term.

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Write an explicit formula for the arithmetic sequence 7 8 ,   29 24 ,   37 24 ,   15 8 ,

a n = 1 3 n + 13 24

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How many terms are in the finite arithmetic sequence 12 , 20 , 28 , , 172 ?

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Geometric Sequences

Find the common ratio for the geometric sequence 2.5 ,   5 ,   10 ,   20 ,

r = 2

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Is the sequence 4 ,   16 ,   28 ,   40 , geometric? If so find the common ratio. If not, explain why.

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A geometric sequence has terms a 7 = 16 , 384 and a 9 = 262 , 144  . What are the first five terms?

4 ,   16 ,   64 ,   256 ,   1024

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A geometric sequence has the first term a 1 = 3 and common ratio r = 1 2 . What is the 8 th term?

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Questions & Answers

stock therom F=(x2+y2) i-2xy J jaha x=a y=o y=b
Saurabh Reply
root under 3-root under 2 by 5 y square
Himanshu Reply
The sum of the first n terms of a certain series is 2^n-1, Show that , this series is Geometric and Find the formula of the n^th
amani Reply
cosA\1+sinA=secA-tanA
Aasik Reply
why two x + seven is equal to nineteen.
Kingsley Reply
The numbers cannot be combined with the x
Othman
2x + 7 =19
humberto
2x +7=19. 2x=19 - 7 2x=12 x=6
Yvonne
because x is 6
SAIDI
what is the best practice that will address the issue on this topic? anyone who can help me. i'm working on my action research.
Melanie Reply
simplify each radical by removing as many factors as possible (a) √75
Jason Reply
how is infinity bidder from undefined?
Karl Reply
what is the value of x in 4x-2+3
Vishal Reply
give the complete question
Shanky
4x=3-2 4x=1 x=1+4 x=5 5x
Olaiya
hi can you give another equation I'd like to solve it
Daniel
what is the value of x in 4x-2+3
Olaiya
if 4x-2+3 = 0 then 4x = 2-3 4x = -1 x = -(1÷4) is the answer.
Jacob
4x-2+3 4x=-3+2 4×=-1 4×/4=-1/4
LUTHO
then x=-1/4
LUTHO
4x-2+3 4x=-3+2 4x=-1 4x÷4=-1÷4 x=-1÷4
LUTHO
A research student is working with a culture of bacteria that doubles in size every twenty minutes. The initial population count was  1350  bacteria. Rounding to five significant digits, write an exponential equation representing this situation. To the nearest whole number, what is the population size after  3  hours?
David Reply
v=lbh calculate the volume if i.l=5cm, b=2cm ,h=3cm
Haidar Reply
Need help with math
Peya
can you help me on this topic of Geometry if l help you
litshani
( cosec Q _ cot Q ) whole spuare = 1_cosQ / 1+cosQ
Aarav Reply
A guy wire for a suspension bridge runs from the ground diagonally to the top of the closest pylon to make a triangle. We can use the Pythagorean Theorem to find the length of guy wire needed. The square of the distance between the wire on the ground and the pylon on the ground is 90,000 feet. The square of the height of the pylon is 160,000 feet. So, the length of the guy wire can be found by evaluating √(90000+160000). What is the length of the guy wire?
Maxwell Reply
the indicated sum of a sequence is known as
Arku Reply
how do I attempted a trig number as a starter
Tumwe Reply
Practice Key Terms 9

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Source:  OpenStax, Algebra and trigonometry. OpenStax CNX. Nov 14, 2016 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11758/1.6
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