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Discuss why this statement is incorrect: arccos ( cos x ) = x for all x .

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Determine whether the following statement is true or false and explain your answer: arccos ( x ) = π arccos x .

True . The angle, θ 1 that equals arccos ( x ) , x > 0 , will be a second quadrant angle with reference angle, θ 2 , where θ 2 equals arccos x , x > 0 . Since θ 2 is the reference angle for θ 1 , θ 2 = π θ 1 and arccos ( x ) = π arccos x -

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Algebraic

For the following exercises, evaluate the expressions.

sin 1 ( 1 2 )

π 6

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cos 1 ( 2 2 )

3 π 4

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tan 1 ( 3 )

π 3

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For the following exercises, use a calculator to evaluate each expression. Express answers to the nearest hundredth.

cos 1 ( 0.4 )

1.98

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For the following exercises, find the angle θ in the given right triangle. Round answers to the nearest hundredth.

For the following exercises, find the exact value, if possible, without a calculator. If it is not possible, explain why.

sin 1 ( cos ( π ) )

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tan 1 ( sin ( π ) )

0

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cos 1 ( sin ( π 3 ) )

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tan 1 ( sin ( π 3 ) )

0.71

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sin 1 ( cos ( π 2 ) )

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tan 1 ( sin ( 4 π 3 ) )

-0.71

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sin 1 ( sin ( 5 π 6 ) )

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tan 1 ( sin ( 5 π 2 ) )

π 4

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cos ( sin 1 ( 4 5 ) )

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sin ( cos 1 ( 3 5 ) )

0.8

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sin ( tan 1 ( 4 3 ) )

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cos ( tan 1 ( 12 5 ) )

5 13

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cos ( sin 1 ( 1 2 ) )

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For the following exercises, find the exact value of the expression in terms of x with the help of a reference triangle.

tan ( sin 1 ( x 1 ) )

x 1 x 2 + 2 x

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sin ( cos 1 ( 1 x ) )

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cos ( sin 1 ( 1 x ) )

x 2 1 x

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cos ( tan 1 ( 3 x 1 ) )

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tan ( sin 1 ( x + 1 2 ) )

x + 0.5 x 2 x + 3 4

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Extensions

For the following exercises, evaluate the expression without using a calculator. Give the exact value.

sin 1 ( 1 2 ) cos 1 ( 2 2 ) + sin 1 ( 3 2 ) cos 1 ( 1 ) cos 1 ( 3 2 ) sin 1 ( 2 2 ) + cos 1 ( 1 2 ) sin 1 ( 0 )

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For the following exercises, find the function if sin t = x x + 1 .

cos ( sin 1 ( x x + 1 ) )

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tan 1 ( x 2 x + 1 )

t

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Graphical

Graph y = sin 1 x and state the domain and range of the function.

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Graph y = arccos x and state the domain and range of the function.

A graph of the function arc cosine of x over -1 to 1. The range of the function is 0 to pi.

domain [ 1 , 1 ] ; range [ 0 , π ]

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Graph one cycle of y = tan 1 x and state the domain and range of the function.

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For what value of x does sin x = sin 1 x ? Use a graphing calculator to approximate the answer.

approximately x = 0.00

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For what value of x does cos x = cos 1 x ? Use a graphing calculator to approximate the answer.

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Real-world applications

Suppose a 13-foot ladder is leaning against a building, reaching to the bottom of a second-floor window 12 feet above the ground. What angle, in radians, does the ladder make with the building?

0.395 radians

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Suppose you drive 0.6 miles on a road so that the vertical distance changes from 0 to 150 feet. What is the angle of elevation of the road?

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An isosceles triangle has two congruent sides of length 9 inches. The remaining side has a length of 8 inches. Find the angle that a side of 9 inches makes with the 8-inch side.

1.11 radians

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Without using a calculator, approximate the value of arctan ( 10 , 000 ) . Explain why your answer is reasonable.

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A truss for the roof of a house is constructed from two identical right triangles. Each has a base of 12 feet and height of 4 feet. Find the measure of the acute angle adjacent to the 4-foot side.

1.25 radians

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Questions & Answers

root under 3-root under 2 by 5 y square
Himanshu Reply
The sum of the first n terms of a certain series is 2^n-1, Show that , this series is Geometric and Find the formula of the n^th
amani Reply
cosA\1+sinA=secA-tanA
Aasik Reply
why two x + seven is equal to nineteen.
Kingsley Reply
The numbers cannot be combined with the x
Othman
2x + 7 =19
humberto
2x +7=19. 2x=19 - 7 2x=12 x=6
Yvonne
because x is 6
SAIDI
what is the best practice that will address the issue on this topic? anyone who can help me. i'm working on my action research.
Melanie Reply
simplify each radical by removing as many factors as possible (a) √75
Jason Reply
how is infinity bidder from undefined?
Karl Reply
what is the value of x in 4x-2+3
Vishal Reply
give the complete question
Shanky
4x=3-2 4x=1 x=1+4 x=5 5x
Olaiya
hi can you give another equation I'd like to solve it
Daniel
what is the value of x in 4x-2+3
Olaiya
if 4x-2+3 = 0 then 4x = 2-3 4x = -1 x = -(1÷4) is the answer.
Jacob
4x-2+3 4x=-3+2 4×=-1 4×/4=-1/4
LUTHO
then x=-1/4
LUTHO
4x-2+3 4x=-3+2 4x=-1 4x÷4=-1÷4 x=-1÷4
LUTHO
A research student is working with a culture of bacteria that doubles in size every twenty minutes. The initial population count was  1350  bacteria. Rounding to five significant digits, write an exponential equation representing this situation. To the nearest whole number, what is the population size after  3  hours?
David Reply
v=lbh calculate the volume if i.l=5cm, b=2cm ,h=3cm
Haidar Reply
Need help with math
Peya
can you help me on this topic of Geometry if l help you
litshani
( cosec Q _ cot Q ) whole spuare = 1_cosQ / 1+cosQ
Aarav Reply
A guy wire for a suspension bridge runs from the ground diagonally to the top of the closest pylon to make a triangle. We can use the Pythagorean Theorem to find the length of guy wire needed. The square of the distance between the wire on the ground and the pylon on the ground is 90,000 feet. The square of the height of the pylon is 160,000 feet. So, the length of the guy wire can be found by evaluating √(90000+160000). What is the length of the guy wire?
Maxwell Reply
the indicated sum of a sequence is known as
Arku Reply
how do I attempted a trig number as a starter
Tumwe Reply
cos 18 ____ sin 72 evaluate
Het Reply
Practice Key Terms 6

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Source:  OpenStax, Algebra and trigonometry. OpenStax CNX. Nov 14, 2016 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11758/1.6
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