# 10.8 Vectors  (Page 10/22)

 Page 10 / 22

Suppose a body has a force of 3 pounds acting on it to the left, 4 pounds acting on it upward, and 2 pounds acting on it 30° from the horizontal. What single force is needed to produce a state of equilibrium on the body? Draw the vector.

5.1583 pounds, 75.8° from the horizontal

## Non-right Triangles: Law of Sines

For the following exercises, assume $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\alpha \text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ is opposite side $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}a,\beta \text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ is opposite side $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}b,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ and $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\gamma \text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ is opposite side $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}c.\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ Solve each triangle, if possible. Round each answer to the nearest tenth.

$\beta =50°,a=105,b=45$

Not possible

$\alpha =43.1°,a=184.2,b=242.8$

Solve the triangle.

$C=120°,a=23.1,c=34.1$

Find the area of the triangle.

A pilot is flying over a straight highway. He determines the angles of depression to two mileposts, 2.1 km apart, to be 25° and 49°, as shown in [link] . Find the distance of the plane from point $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}A\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ and the elevation of the plane.

distance of the plane from point $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}A:\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ 2.2 km, elevation of the plane: 1.6 km

## Non-right Triangles: Law of Cosines

Solve the triangle, rounding to the nearest tenth, assuming $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\alpha \text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ is opposite side $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}a,\beta \text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ is opposite side $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}b,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ and $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\gamma \text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ s opposite side

Solve the triangle in [link] , rounding to the nearest tenth.

$B=71.0°,C=55.0°,a=12.8$

Find the area of a triangle with sides of length 8.3, 6.6, and 9.1.

To find the distance between two cities, a satellite calculates the distances and angle shown in [link] (not to scale). Find the distance between the cities. Round answers to the nearest tenth.

40.6 km

## Polar Coordinates

Plot the point with polar coordinates $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(3,\frac{\pi }{6}\right).$

Plot the point with polar coordinates $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(5,-\frac{2\pi }{3}\right)$

Convert $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(6,-\frac{3\pi }{4}\right)\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ to rectangular coordinates.

Convert $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(-2,\frac{3\pi }{2}\right)\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ to rectangular coordinates.

$\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(0,2\right)\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$

Convert $\left(7,-2\right)$ to polar coordinates.

Convert $\left(-9,-4\right)$ to polar coordinates.

$\left(9.8489,203.96°\right)$

For the following exercises, convert the given Cartesian equation to a polar equation.

$x=-2$

${x}^{2}+{y}^{2}=64$

$r=8$

${x}^{2}+{y}^{2}=-2y$

For the following exercises, convert the given polar equation to a Cartesian equation.

$r=7\text{cos}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\theta$

${x}^{2}+{y}^{2}=7x$

$r=\frac{-2}{4\mathrm{cos}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\theta +\mathrm{sin}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\theta }$

For the following exercises, convert to rectangular form and graph.

$\theta =\frac{3\pi }{4}$

$y=-x$

$r=5\mathrm{sec}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\theta$

## Polar Coordinates: Graphs

For the following exercises, test each equation for symmetry.

$r=4+4\mathrm{sin}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\theta$

symmetric with respect to the line $\theta =\frac{\pi }{2}$

$r=7$

Sketch a graph of the polar equation $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}r=1-5\mathrm{sin}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\theta .\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ Label the axis intercepts.

Sketch a graph of the polar equation $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}r=5\mathrm{sin}\left(7\theta \right).$

Sketch a graph of the polar equation $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}r=3-3\mathrm{cos}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\theta$

## Polar Form of Complex Numbers

For the following exercises, find the absolute value of each complex number.

$-2+6i$

$4-\text{​}3i$

5

Write the complex number in polar form.

$5+9i$

$\frac{1}{2}-\frac{\sqrt{3}}{2}\text{​}i$

$\mathrm{cis}\left(-\frac{\pi }{3}\right)$

For the following exercises, convert the complex number from polar to rectangular form.

$z=5\mathrm{cis}\left(\frac{5\pi }{6}\right)$

$z=3\mathrm{cis}\left(40°\right)$

$2.3+1.9i$

For the following exercises, find the product $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}{z}_{1}{z}_{2}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ in polar form.

${z}_{1}=2\mathrm{cis}\left(89°\right)$

${z}_{2}=5\mathrm{cis}\left(23°\right)$

${z}_{1}=10\mathrm{cis}\left(\frac{\pi }{6}\right)$

${z}_{2}=6\mathrm{cis}\left(\frac{\pi }{3}\right)$

$60\mathrm{cis}\left(\frac{\pi }{2}\right)$

For the following exercises, find the quotient $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\frac{{z}_{1}}{{z}_{2}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ in polar form.

${z}_{1}=12\mathrm{cis}\left(55°\right)$

${z}_{2}=3\mathrm{cis}\left(18°\right)$

${z}_{1}=27\mathrm{cis}\left(\frac{5\pi }{3}\right)$

${z}_{2}=9\mathrm{cis}\left(\frac{\pi }{3}\right)$

$3\mathrm{cis}\left(\frac{4\pi }{3}\right)$

For the following exercises, find the powers of each complex number in polar form.

Find $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}{z}^{4}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ when $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}z=2\mathrm{cis}\left(70°\right)$

Find $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}{z}^{2}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ when $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}z=5\mathrm{cis}\left(\frac{3\pi }{4}\right)$

$25\mathrm{cis}\left(\frac{3\pi }{2}\right)$

#### Questions & Answers

stock therom F=(x2+y2) i-2xy J jaha x=a y=o y=b
Saurabh Reply
root under 3-root under 2 by 5 y square
Himanshu Reply
The sum of the first n terms of a certain series is 2^n-1, Show that , this series is Geometric and Find the formula of the n^th
amani Reply
cosA\1+sinA=secA-tanA
Aasik Reply
why two x + seven is equal to nineteen.
Kingsley Reply
The numbers cannot be combined with the x
Othman
2x + 7 =19
humberto
2x +7=19. 2x=19 - 7 2x=12 x=6
Yvonne
because x is 6
SAIDI
what is the best practice that will address the issue on this topic? anyone who can help me. i'm working on my action research.
Melanie Reply
simplify each radical by removing as many factors as possible (a) √75
Jason Reply
how is infinity bidder from undefined?
Karl Reply
what is the value of x in 4x-2+3
Vishal Reply
give the complete question
Shanky
4x=3-2 4x=1 x=1+4 x=5 5x
Olaiya
hi can you give another equation I'd like to solve it
Daniel
what is the value of x in 4x-2+3
Olaiya
if 4x-2+3 = 0 then 4x = 2-3 4x = -1 x = -(1÷4) is the answer.
Jacob
4x-2+3 4x=-3+2 4×=-1 4×/4=-1/4
LUTHO
then x=-1/4
LUTHO
4x-2+3 4x=-3+2 4x=-1 4x÷4=-1÷4 x=-1÷4
LUTHO
A research student is working with a culture of bacteria that doubles in size every twenty minutes. The initial population count was  1350  bacteria. Rounding to five significant digits, write an exponential equation representing this situation. To the nearest whole number, what is the population size after  3  hours?
David Reply
v=lbh calculate the volume if i.l=5cm, b=2cm ,h=3cm
Haidar Reply
Need help with math
Peya
can you help me on this topic of Geometry if l help you
litshani
( cosec Q _ cot Q ) whole spuare = 1_cosQ / 1+cosQ
Aarav Reply
A guy wire for a suspension bridge runs from the ground diagonally to the top of the closest pylon to make a triangle. We can use the Pythagorean Theorem to find the length of guy wire needed. The square of the distance between the wire on the ground and the pylon on the ground is 90,000 feet. The square of the height of the pylon is 160,000 feet. So, the length of the guy wire can be found by evaluating √(90000+160000). What is the length of the guy wire?
Maxwell Reply
the indicated sum of a sequence is known as
Arku Reply
how do I attempted a trig number as a starter
Tumwe Reply

### Read also:

#### Get the best Algebra and trigonometry course in your pocket!

Source:  OpenStax, Algebra and trigonometry. OpenStax CNX. Nov 14, 2016 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11758/1.6
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'Algebra and trigonometry' conversation and receive update notifications?

 By By By Briana Knowlton By Madison Christian By Jazzycazz Jackson By Madison Christian By Madison Christian By OpenStax By Rohini Ajay By Saylor Foundation By OpenStax By Anh Dao