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The line y = 3 5 x passes through the origin in the x , y -plane. What is the measure of the angle that the line makes with the positive x -axis?

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The line y = 3 7 x passes through the origin in the x , y -plane. What is the measure of the angle that the line makes with the negative x -axis?

0.405 radians

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What percentage grade should a road have if the angle of elevation of the road is 4 degrees? (The percentage grade is defined as the change in the altitude of the road over a 100-foot horizontal distance. For example a 5% grade means that the road rises 5 feet for every 100 feet of horizontal distance.)

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A 20-foot ladder leans up against the side of a building so that the foot of the ladder is 10 feet from the base of the building. If specifications call for the ladder's angle of elevation to be between 35 and 45 degrees, does the placement of this ladder satisfy safety specifications?

No. The angle the ladder makes with the horizontal is 60 degrees.

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Suppose a 15-foot ladder leans against the side of a house so that the angle of elevation of the ladder is 42 degrees. How far is the foot of the ladder from the side of the house?

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Chapter review exercises

Graphs of the Sine and Cosine Functions

For the following exercises, graph the functions for two periods and determine the amplitude or stretching factor, period, midline equation, and asymptotes.

f ( x ) = 3 cos x + 3

amplitude: 3; period: 2 π ; midline: y = 3 ; no asymptotes

A graph of two periods of a function with a cosine parent function. The graph has a range of [0,6] graphed over -2pi to 2pi. Maximums as -pi and pi.
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f ( x ) = 3 cos ( x + π 6 )

amplitude: 3; period: 2 π ; midline: y = 0 ; no asymptotes

A graph of four periods of a function with a cosine parent function. Graphed from -4pi to 4pi. Range is [-3,3].
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f ( x ) = 2 sin ( x 2 π 3 )

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f ( x ) = 3 sin ( x π 4 ) 4

amplitude: 3; period: 2 π ; midline: y = 4 ; no asymptotes

A graph of two periods of a sinusoidal function. Range is [-7,-1]. Maximums at -5pi/4 and 3pi/4.
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f ( x ) = 2 ( cos ( x 4 π 3 ) + 1 )

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f ( x ) = 6 sin ( 3 x π 6 ) 1

amplitude: 6; period: 2 π 3 ; midline: y = 1 ; no asymptotes

A sinusoidal graph over two periods. Range is [-7,5], amplitude is 6, and period is 2pi/3.
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f ( x ) = 100 sin ( 50 x 20 )

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Graphs of the Other Trigonometric Functions

For the following exercises, graph the functions for two periods and determine the amplitude or stretching factor, period, midline equation, and asymptotes.

f ( x ) = tan x 4

stretching factor: none; period:   π ;   midline:   y = 4 ;   asymptotes:   x = π 2 + π k , where   k   is an integer

A graph of a tangent function over two periods. Graphed from -pi to pi, with asymptotes at -pi/2 and pi/2.
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f ( x ) = 2 tan ( x π 6 )

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f ( x ) = 3 tan ( 4 x ) 2

stretching factor: 3; period:   π 4 ;   midline:   y = 2 ;   asymptotes: x = π 8 + π 4 k , where   k   is an integer

A graph of a tangent function over two periods. Asymptotes at -pi/8 and pi/8. Period of pi/4. Midline at y=-2.
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f ( x ) = 0.2 cos ( 0.1 x ) + 0.3

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For the following exercises, graph two full periods. Identify the period, the phase shift, the amplitude, and asymptotes.

f ( x ) = 1 3 sec x

amplitude: none; period: 2 π ; no phase shift; asymptotes:   x = π 2 k , where   k   is an odd integer

A graph of two periods of a secant function. Period of 2 pi, graphed from -2pi to 2pi. Asymptotes at -3pi/2, -pi/2, pi/2, and 3pi/2.
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f ( x ) = 4 csc ( 5 x )

amplitude: none; period:   2 π 5 ;   no phase shift; asymptotes:   x = π 5 k , where   k   is an integer

A graph of a cosecant functionover two and a half periods. Graphed from -pi to pi, period of 2pi/5.
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f ( x ) = 8 sec ( 1 4 x )

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f ( x ) = 2 3 csc ( 1 2 x )

amplitude: none; period:   4 π ;   no phase shift; asymptotes:   x = 2 π k , where   k   is an integer

A graph of two periods of a cosecant function. Graphed from -4pi to 4pi. Asymptotes at multiples of 2pi. Period of 4pi.
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f ( x ) = csc ( 2 x + π )

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For the following exercises, use this scenario: The population of a city has risen and fallen over a 20-year interval. Its population may be modeled by the following function: y = 12 , 000 + 8 , 000 sin ( 0.628 x ), where the domain is the years since 1980 and the range is the population of the city.

What is the largest and smallest population the city may have?

largest: 20,000; smallest: 4,000

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Graph the function on the domain of [ 0 , 40 ] .

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Questions & Answers

root under 3-root under 2 by 5 y square
Himanshu Reply
The sum of the first n terms of a certain series is 2^n-1, Show that , this series is Geometric and Find the formula of the n^th
amani Reply
cosA\1+sinA=secA-tanA
Aasik Reply
why two x + seven is equal to nineteen.
Kingsley Reply
The numbers cannot be combined with the x
Othman
2x + 7 =19
humberto
2x +7=19. 2x=19 - 7 2x=12 x=6
Yvonne
because x is 6
SAIDI
what is the best practice that will address the issue on this topic? anyone who can help me. i'm working on my action research.
Melanie Reply
simplify each radical by removing as many factors as possible (a) √75
Jason Reply
how is infinity bidder from undefined?
Karl Reply
what is the value of x in 4x-2+3
Vishal Reply
give the complete question
Shanky
4x=3-2 4x=1 x=1+4 x=5 5x
Olaiya
hi can you give another equation I'd like to solve it
Daniel
what is the value of x in 4x-2+3
Olaiya
if 4x-2+3 = 0 then 4x = 2-3 4x = -1 x = -(1÷4) is the answer.
Jacob
4x-2+3 4x=-3+2 4×=-1 4×/4=-1/4
LUTHO
then x=-1/4
LUTHO
4x-2+3 4x=-3+2 4x=-1 4x÷4=-1÷4 x=-1÷4
LUTHO
A research student is working with a culture of bacteria that doubles in size every twenty minutes. The initial population count was  1350  bacteria. Rounding to five significant digits, write an exponential equation representing this situation. To the nearest whole number, what is the population size after  3  hours?
David Reply
v=lbh calculate the volume if i.l=5cm, b=2cm ,h=3cm
Haidar Reply
Need help with math
Peya
can you help me on this topic of Geometry if l help you
litshani
( cosec Q _ cot Q ) whole spuare = 1_cosQ / 1+cosQ
Aarav Reply
A guy wire for a suspension bridge runs from the ground diagonally to the top of the closest pylon to make a triangle. We can use the Pythagorean Theorem to find the length of guy wire needed. The square of the distance between the wire on the ground and the pylon on the ground is 90,000 feet. The square of the height of the pylon is 160,000 feet. So, the length of the guy wire can be found by evaluating √(90000+160000). What is the length of the guy wire?
Maxwell Reply
the indicated sum of a sequence is known as
Arku Reply
how do I attempted a trig number as a starter
Tumwe Reply
cos 18 ____ sin 72 evaluate
Het Reply
Practice Key Terms 6

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Source:  OpenStax, Algebra and trigonometry. OpenStax CNX. Nov 14, 2016 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11758/1.6
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