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x + 2 4 x 1 3 = 2

x = −14

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For the following exercises, solve each rational equation for x . State all x -values that are excluded from the solution set.

2 3 x + 4 = x + 2 x + 4

x −4 ; x = −3

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3 x 2 = 1 x 1 + 7 ( x 1 ) ( x 2 )

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3 x x 1 + 2 = 3 x 1

x 1 ; when we solve this we get x = 1 , which is excluded, therefore NO solution

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5 x + 1 + 1 x 3 = 6 x 2 2 x 3

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1 x = 1 5 + 3 2 x

x 0 ; x = −5 2

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For the following exercises, find the equation of the line using the point-slope formula.

Write all the final equations using the slope-intercept form.

( 0 , 3 ) with a slope of 2 3

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( 1 , 2 ) with a slope of 4 5

y = 4 5 x + 14 5

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x -intercept is 1, and ( −2 , 6 )

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y -intercept is 2, and ( 4 , −1 )

y = 3 4 x + 2

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( −3 , 10 ) and ( 5 , −6 )

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( 1 , 3 )   and   ( 5 , 5 )

y = 1 2 x + 5 2

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parallel to y = 2 x + 5 and passes through the point ( 4 , 3 )

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perpendicular to 3 y = x 4 and passes through the point ( −2 , 1 ) .

y = −3 x 5

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For the following exercises, find the equation of the line using the given information.

( 2 , 0 ) and ( −2 , 5 )

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( 1 , 7 ) and ( 3 , 7 )

y = 7

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The slope is undefined and it passes through the point ( 2 , 3 ) .

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The slope equals zero and it passes through the point ( 1 , −4 ) .

y = −4

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The slope is 3 4 and it passes through the point (1,4) .

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( −1 , 3 ) and ( 4 , −5 )

8 x + 5 y = 7

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Graphical

For the following exercises, graph the pair of equations on the same axes, and state whether they are parallel, perpendicular, or neither.

y = 2 x + 7 y = 1 2 x 4

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3 x 2 y = 5 6 y 9 x = 6


Coordinate plane with the x and y axes ranging from negative 10 to 10.  The functions 3 times x minus 2 times y = 5 and 6 times y minus 9 times x = 6 are graphed on the same plot.  The lines do not cross.

Parallel

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y = 3 x + 1 4 y = 3 x + 2

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x = 4 y = −3


Coordinate plane with the x and y axes ranging from negative 10 to 10.  The function y = negative 3 and the line x = 4 are graphed on the same plot.  These lines cross at a 90 degree angle.

Perpendicular

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Numeric

For the following exercises, find the slope of the line that passes through the given points.

( 5 , 4 ) and ( 7 , 9 )

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( −3 , 2 ) and ( 4 , −7 )

m = 9 7

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( −5 , 4 ) and ( 2 , 4 )

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( −1 , −2 ) and ( 3 , 4 )

m = 3 2

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( 3 , −2 ) and ( 3 , −2 )

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For the following exercises, find the slope of the lines that pass through each pair of points and determine whether the lines are parallel or perpendicular.

( −1 , 3 )   and   ( 5 , 1 ) ( −2 , 3 )   and   ( 0 , 9 )

m 1 = 1 3 , m 2 = 3 ; Perpendicular .

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( 2 , 5 )   and   ( 5 , 9 ) ( −1 , −1 )   and   ( 2 , 3 )

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Technology

For the following exercises, express the equations in slope intercept form (rounding each number to the thousandths place). Enter this into a graphing calculator as Y1, then adjust the ymin and ymax values for your window to include where the y -intercept occurs. State your ymin and ymax values.

0.537 x 2.19 y = 100

y = 0.245 x 45.662. Answers may vary. y min = −50 ,   y max = −40

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4,500 x 200 y = 9,528

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200 30 y x = 70

y = 2.333 x + 6.667. Answers may vary. y min = −10 ,   y max = 10

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Extensions

Starting with the point-slope formula y y 1 = m ( x x 1 ) , solve this expression for x in terms of x 1 , y , y 1 , and m .

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Starting with the standard form of an equation A x  + B y  = C, solve this expression for y in terms of A , B , C , and x . Then put the expression in slope-intercept form.

y = A B x + C B

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Use the above derived formula to put the following standard equation in slope intercept form: 7 x 5 y = 25.

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Given that the following coordinates are the vertices of a rectangle, prove that this truly is a rectangle by showing the slopes of the sides that meet are perpendicular.

( −1 , 1 ) , ( 2 , 0 ) , ( 3 , 3 ) , and ( 0 , 4 )

The slope for  ( −1 , 1 )  to  ( 0 , 4 )  is  3. The slope for  ( −1 , 1 )  to  ( 2 , 0 )  is  1 3 . The slope for  ( 2 , 0 )  to  ( 3 , 3 )  is  3. The slope for  ( 0 , 4 )  to  ( 3 , 3 )  is  1 3 .

Yes they are perpendicular.

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Find the slopes of the diagonals in the previous exercise. Are they perpendicular?

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Real-world applications

The slope for a wheelchair ramp for a home has to be 1 12 . If the vertical distance from the ground to the door bottom is 2.5 ft, find the distance the ramp has to extend from the home in order to comply with the needed slope.

30 ft

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If the profit equation for a small business selling x number of item one and y number of item two is p = 3 x + 4 y , find the y value when p = $ 453  and   x = 75.

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For the following exercises, use this scenario: The cost of renting a car is $45/wk plus $0.25/mi traveled during that week. An equation to represent the cost would be y = 45 + .25 x , where x is the number of miles traveled.

What is your cost if you travel 50 mi?

$57.50

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If your cost were $ 63.75 , how many miles were you charged for traveling?

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Suppose you have a maximum of $100 to spend for the car rental. What would be the maximum number of miles you could travel?

220 mi

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Questions & Answers

root under 3-root under 2 by 5 y square
Himanshu Reply
The sum of the first n terms of a certain series is 2^n-1, Show that , this series is Geometric and Find the formula of the n^th
amani Reply
cosA\1+sinA=secA-tanA
Aasik Reply
why two x + seven is equal to nineteen.
Kingsley Reply
The numbers cannot be combined with the x
Othman
2x + 7 =19
humberto
2x +7=19. 2x=19 - 7 2x=12 x=6
Yvonne
because x is 6
SAIDI
what is the best practice that will address the issue on this topic? anyone who can help me. i'm working on my action research.
Melanie Reply
simplify each radical by removing as many factors as possible (a) √75
Jason Reply
how is infinity bidder from undefined?
Karl Reply
what is the value of x in 4x-2+3
Vishal Reply
give the complete question
Shanky
4x=3-2 4x=1 x=1+4 x=5 5x
Olaiya
hi can you give another equation I'd like to solve it
Daniel
what is the value of x in 4x-2+3
Olaiya
if 4x-2+3 = 0 then 4x = 2-3 4x = -1 x = -(1÷4) is the answer.
Jacob
4x-2+3 4x=-3+2 4×=-1 4×/4=-1/4
LUTHO
then x=-1/4
LUTHO
4x-2+3 4x=-3+2 4x=-1 4x÷4=-1÷4 x=-1÷4
LUTHO
A research student is working with a culture of bacteria that doubles in size every twenty minutes. The initial population count was  1350  bacteria. Rounding to five significant digits, write an exponential equation representing this situation. To the nearest whole number, what is the population size after  3  hours?
David Reply
v=lbh calculate the volume if i.l=5cm, b=2cm ,h=3cm
Haidar Reply
Need help with math
Peya
can you help me on this topic of Geometry if l help you
litshani
( cosec Q _ cot Q ) whole spuare = 1_cosQ / 1+cosQ
Aarav Reply
A guy wire for a suspension bridge runs from the ground diagonally to the top of the closest pylon to make a triangle. We can use the Pythagorean Theorem to find the length of guy wire needed. The square of the distance between the wire on the ground and the pylon on the ground is 90,000 feet. The square of the height of the pylon is 160,000 feet. So, the length of the guy wire can be found by evaluating √(90000+160000). What is the length of the guy wire?
Maxwell Reply
the indicated sum of a sequence is known as
Arku Reply
how do I attempted a trig number as a starter
Tumwe Reply
cos 18 ____ sin 72 evaluate
Het Reply
Practice Key Terms 7

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Source:  OpenStax, Algebra and trigonometry. OpenStax CNX. Nov 14, 2016 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11758/1.6
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