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This graph shows profits starting at 1985 at $10,000 and ending at 2005 at $4,000.  The x-axis ranges from 0 to 30 in intervals of 5 and the y –axis goes from 0 to 12,000 in intervals of 2,000.

Find the linear function y , where y depends on x , the number of years since 1980.

y = 3 00 x + 11 , 5 00

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Find and interpret the y -intercept.

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For the following exercise, consider this scenario: In 2004, a school population was 1,700. By 2012 the population had grown to 2,500.

Assume the population is changing linearly.

  1. How much did the population grow between the year 2004 and 2012?
  2. What is the average population growth per year?
  3. Find an equation for the population, P , of the school t years after 2004.

a) 800 b) 100 students per year c) P ( t ) = 1 00 t + 17 00

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For the following exercises, consider this scenario: In 2000, the moose population in a park was measured to be 6,500. By 2010, the population was measured to be 12,500. Assume the population continues to change linearly.

Find a formula for the moose population, P .

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What does your model predict the moose population to be in 2020?

18,500

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For the following exercises, consider this scenario: The median home values in subdivisions Pima Central and East Valley (adjusted for inflation) are shown in [link] . Assume that the house values are changing linearly.

Year Pima Central East Valley
1970 32,000 120,250
2010 85,000 150,000

In which subdivision have home values increased at a higher rate?

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If these trends were to continue, what would be the median home value in Pima Central in 2015?

$91,625

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Fitting Linear Models to Data

Draw a scatter plot for the data in [link] . Then determine whether the data appears to be linearly related.

0 2 4 6 8 10
–105 –50 1 55 105 160
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Draw a scatter plot for the data in [link] . If we wanted to know when the population would reach 15,000, would the answer involve interpolation or extrapolation?

Year Population
1990 5,600
1995 5,950
2000 6,300
2005 6,600
2010 6,900

Extrapolation


Scatter plot with the points (1990,5600); (1995,5950); (2000,6300); (2005,6600); and (2010,6900).

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Eight students were asked to estimate their score on a 10-point quiz. Their estimated and actual scores are given in [link] . Plot the points, then sketch a line that fits the data.

Predicted Actual
6 6
7 7
7 8
8 8
7 9
9 10
10 10
10 9
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Draw a best-fit line for the plotted data.

Scatter plot of the points: (2,78); (4,81); (6,85); (8,90); and (10,99).


Scatter plot of: (2,78); (4,81); (6,85); (8,90); and (10,99) and the line of best fit running through these points.  The line of best fit goes through most of the points.

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For the following exercises, consider the data in [link] , which shows the percent of unemployed in a city of people 25 years or older who are college graduates is given below, by year.

Year 2000 2002 2005 2007 2010
Percent Graduates 6.5 7.0 7.4 8.2 9.0

Determine whether the trend appears to be linear. If so, and assuming the trend continues, find a linear regression model to predict the percent of unemployed in a given year to three decimal places.

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In what year will the percentage exceed 12%?

2023

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Based on the set of data given in [link] , calculate the regression line using a calculator or other technology tool, and determine the correlation coefficient to three decimal places.

x 17 20 23 26 29
y 15 25 31 37 40
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Based on the set of data given in [link] , calculate the regression line using a calculator or other technology tool, and determine the correlation coefficient to three decimal places.

x 10 12 15 18 20
y 36 34 30 28 22

y = 1.294 x + 49.412 ;   r = 0.974

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For the following exercises, consider this scenario: The population of a city increased steadily over a ten-year span. The following ordered pairs show the population and the year over the ten-year span (population, year) for specific recorded years:

Questions & Answers

How look for the general solution of a trig function
collins Reply
stock therom F=(x2+y2) i-2xy J jaha x=a y=o y=b
Saurabh Reply
root under 3-root under 2 by 5 y square
Himanshu Reply
The sum of the first n terms of a certain series is 2^n-1, Show that , this series is Geometric and Find the formula of the n^th
amani Reply
cosA\1+sinA=secA-tanA
Aasik Reply
why two x + seven is equal to nineteen.
Kingsley Reply
The numbers cannot be combined with the x
Othman
2x + 7 =19
humberto
2x +7=19. 2x=19 - 7 2x=12 x=6
Yvonne
because x is 6
SAIDI
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Melanie Reply
simplify each radical by removing as many factors as possible (a) √75
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how is infinity bidder from undefined?
Karl Reply
what is the value of x in 4x-2+3
Vishal Reply
give the complete question
Shanky
4x=3-2 4x=1 x=1+4 x=5 5x
Olaiya
hi can you give another equation I'd like to solve it
Daniel
what is the value of x in 4x-2+3
Olaiya
if 4x-2+3 = 0 then 4x = 2-3 4x = -1 x = -(1÷4) is the answer.
Jacob
4x-2+3 4x=-3+2 4×=-1 4×/4=-1/4
LUTHO
then x=-1/4
LUTHO
4x-2+3 4x=-3+2 4x=-1 4x÷4=-1÷4 x=-1÷4
LUTHO
A research student is working with a culture of bacteria that doubles in size every twenty minutes. The initial population count was  1350  bacteria. Rounding to five significant digits, write an exponential equation representing this situation. To the nearest whole number, what is the population size after  3  hours?
David Reply
v=lbh calculate the volume if i.l=5cm, b=2cm ,h=3cm
Haidar Reply
Need help with math
Peya
can you help me on this topic of Geometry if l help you
litshani
( cosec Q _ cot Q ) whole spuare = 1_cosQ / 1+cosQ
Aarav Reply
A guy wire for a suspension bridge runs from the ground diagonally to the top of the closest pylon to make a triangle. We can use the Pythagorean Theorem to find the length of guy wire needed. The square of the distance between the wire on the ground and the pylon on the ground is 90,000 feet. The square of the height of the pylon is 160,000 feet. So, the length of the guy wire can be found by evaluating √(90000+160000). What is the length of the guy wire?
Maxwell Reply
the indicated sum of a sequence is known as
Arku Reply
Practice Key Terms 5

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Source:  OpenStax, Algebra and trigonometry. OpenStax CNX. Nov 14, 2016 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11758/1.6
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