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f ( x ) = 9 + 2 x 3

f −1 ( x ) = ( x 9 2 ) 3

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f ( x ) = 2 x + 8

f −1 ( x ) = 2 8 x x

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f ( x ) = x + 3 x + 7

f −1 ( x ) = 7 x 3 1 x

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f ( x ) = 3 x + 4 5 4 x

f −1 ( x ) = 5 x 4 4 x + 3

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f ( x ) = 5 x + 1 2 5 x

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f ( x ) = x 2 + 2 x ,   [ −1 , )

f −1 ( x ) = x + 1 1

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f ( x ) = x 2 + 4 x + 1 ,   [ −2 , )

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f ( x ) = x 2 6 x + 3 ,   [ 3 , )

f −1 ( x ) = x + 6 + 3

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Graphical

For the following exercises, find the inverse of the function and graph both the function and its inverse.

f ( x ) = x 2 + 2 , x 0

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f ( x ) = 4 x 2 , x 0

f 1 ( x ) = 4 x

Graph of f(x)=4- x^2 and its inverse, f^(-1)(x)= sqrt(4-x).
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f ( x ) = ( x + 3 ) 2 , x 3

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f ( x ) = ( x 4 ) 2 , x 4

f 1 ( x ) = x + 4

Graph of f(x)= (x-4)^2 and its inverse, f^(-1)(x)= sqrt(x)+4.
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f ( x ) = 1 x 3

f 1 ( x ) = 1 x 3

Graph of f(x)= 1-x^3 and its inverse, f^(-1)(x)= (1-x)^(1/3).
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f ( x ) = x 2 + 4 x , x 2

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f ( x ) = x 2 6 x + 1 , x 3

f 1 ( x ) = x + 8 + 3

Graph of f(x)= x^2-6x+1 and its inverse, f^(-1)(x)= sqrt(x+8)+3.
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f ( x ) = 1 x 2 , x 0

f 1 ( x ) = 1 x

Graph of f(x)= 1/x^2 and its inverse, f^(-1)(x)= sqrt(1/x).
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For the following exercises, use a graph to help determine the domain of the functions.

f ( x ) = ( x + 1 ) ( x 1 ) x

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f ( x ) = ( x + 2 ) ( x 3 ) x 1

[ 2 , 1 ) [ 3 , )

Graph of f(x)= sqrt((x+2)(x-3)/(x-1)).
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f ( x ) = x ( x + 3 ) x 4

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f ( x ) = x 2 x 20 x 2

[ 4 , 2 ) [ 5 , )

Graph of f(x)= sqrt((x^2-x-20)/(x-2)).
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f ( x ) = 9 x 2 x + 4

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Technology

For the following exercises, use a calculator to graph the function. Then, using the graph, give three points on the graph of the inverse with y -coordinates given.

f ( x ) = x 3 x 2 , y = 1 , 2 , 3

( 2 ,   0 ) ;   ( 4 ,   2 ) ;   ( 22 ,   3 )

Graph of f(x)= x^3-x-2.
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f ( x ) = x 3 + x 2 , y = 0 , 1 , 2

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f ( x ) = x 3 + 3 x 4 , y = 0 , 1 , 2

( 4 ,   0 ) ;   ( 0 ,   1 ) ;   ( 10 ,   2 )

Graph of f(x)= x^3+3x-4.
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f ( x ) = x 3 + 8 x 4 , y = 1 , 0 , 1

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f ( x ) = x 4 + 5 x + 1 , y = 1 , 0 , 1

( 3 ,   1 ) ;   ( 1 ,   0 ) ;   ( 7 ,   1 )

Graph of f(x)= x^4+5x+1.
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Extensions

For the following exercises, find the inverse of the functions with a , b , c positive real numbers.

f ( x ) = x 2 + b x

f 1 ( x ) = x + b 2 4 b 2

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f ( x ) = a x + b 3

f 1 ( x ) = x 3 b a

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Real-world applications

For the following exercises, determine the function described and then use it to answer the question.

An object dropped from a height of 200 meters has a height, h ( t ) , in meters after t seconds have lapsed, such that h ( t ) = 200 4.9 t 2 . Express t as a function of height, h , and find the time to reach a height of 50 meters.

t ( h ) = 200 h 4.9 , 5.53 seconds

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An object dropped from a height of 600 feet has a height, h ( t ) , in feet after t seconds have elapsed, such that h ( t ) = 600 16 t 2 . Express t as a function of height h , and find the time to reach a height of 400 feet.

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The volume, V , of a sphere in terms of its radius, r , is given by V ( r ) = 4 3 π r 3 . Express r as a function of V , and find the radius of a sphere with volume of 200 cubic feet.

r ( V ) = 3 V 4 π 3 , 3.63 feet

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The surface area, A , of a sphere in terms of its radius, r , is given by A ( r ) = 4 π r 2 . Express r as a function of V , and find the radius of a sphere with a surface area of 1000 square inches.

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A container holds 100 mL of a solution that is 25 mL acid. If n mL of a solution that is 60% acid is added, the function C ( n ) = 25 + .6 n 100 + n gives the concentration, C , as a function of the number of mL added, n . Express n as a function of C and determine the number of mL that need to be added to have a solution that is 50% acid.

n ( C ) = 100 C 25 .6 C , 250 mL

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The period T , in seconds, of a simple pendulum as a function of its length l , in feet, is given by T ( l ) = 2 π l 32.2 . Express l as a function of T and determine the length of a pendulum with period of 2 seconds.

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The volume of a cylinder , V , in terms of radius, r , and height, h , is given by V = π r 2 h . If a cylinder has a height of 6 meters, express the radius as a function of V and find the radius of a cylinder with volume of 300 cubic meters.

r ( V ) = V 6 π , 3.99 meters

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The surface area, A , of a cylinder in terms of its radius, r , and height, h , is given by A = 2 π r 2 + 2 π r h . If the height of the cylinder is 4 feet, express the radius as a function of V and find the radius if the surface area is 200 square feet.

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The volume of a right circular cone, V , in terms of its radius, r , and its height, h , is given by V = 1 3 π r 2 h . Express r in terms of h if the height of the cone is 12 feet and find the radius of a cone with volume of 50 cubic inches.

r ( V ) = V 4 π , 1.99 inches

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Consider a cone with height of 30 feet. Express the radius, r , in terms of the volume, V , and find the radius of a cone with volume of 1000 cubic feet.

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Questions & Answers

The sequence is {1,-1,1-1.....} has
amit Reply
circular region of radious
Kainat Reply
how can we solve this problem
Joel Reply
Sin(A+B) = sinBcosA+cosBsinA
Eseka Reply
Prove it
Eseka
Please prove it
Eseka
hi
Joel
June needs 45 gallons of punch. 2 different coolers. Bigger cooler is 5 times as large as smaller cooler. How many gallons in each cooler?
Arleathia Reply
find the sum of 28th term of the AP 3+10+17+---------
Prince Reply
I think you should say "28 terms" instead of "28th term"
Vedant
if sequence sn is a such that sn>0 for all n and lim sn=0than prove that lim (s1 s2............ sn) ke hole power n =n
SANDESH Reply
write down the polynomial function with root 1/3,2,-3 with solution
Gift Reply
if A and B are subspaces of V prove that (A+B)/B=A/(A-B)
Pream Reply
write down the value of each of the following in surd form a)cos(-65°) b)sin(-180°)c)tan(225°)d)tan(135°)
Oroke Reply
Prove that (sinA/1-cosA - 1-cosA/sinA) (cosA/1-sinA - 1-sinA/cosA) = 4
kiruba Reply
what is the answer to dividing negative index
Morosi Reply
In a triangle ABC prove that. (b+c)cosA+(c+a)cosB+(a+b)cisC=a+b+c.
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the polar co-ordinate of the point (-1, -1)
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Practice Key Terms 1

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Source:  OpenStax, Algebra and trigonometry. OpenStax CNX. Nov 14, 2016 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11758/1.6
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