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Find the product.

( 3 x + 2 ) ( x 3 4 x 2 + 7 )

3 x 4 −10 x 3 −8 x 2 + 21 x + 14

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Using foil to multiply binomials

A shortcut called FOIL is sometimes used to find the product of two binomials. It is called FOIL because we multiply the f irst terms, the o uter terms, the i nner terms, and then the l ast terms of each binomial.

Two quantities in parentheses are being multiplied, the first being: a times x plus b and the second being: c times x plus d. This expression equals ac times x squared plus ad times x plus bc times x plus bd. The terms ax and cx are labeled: First Terms. The terms ax and d are labeled: Outer Terms. The terms b and cx are labeled: Inner Terms. The terms b and d are labeled: Last Terms.

The FOIL method arises out of the distributive property. We are simply multiplying each term of the first binomial by each term of the second binomial, and then combining like terms.

Given two binomials, use FOIL to simplify the expression.

  1. Multiply the first terms of each binomial.
  2. Multiply the outer terms of the binomials.
  3. Multiply the inner terms of the binomials.
  4. Multiply the last terms of each binomial.
  5. Add the products.
  6. Combine like terms and simplify.

Using foil to multiply binomials

Use FOIL to find the product.

( 2 x - 18 ) ( 3 x + 3 )

Find the product of the first terms.

Find the product of the outer terms.

Find the product of the inner terms.

Find the product of the last terms.

6 x 2 + 6 x 54 x 54 Add the products . 6 x 2 + ( 6 x 54 x ) 54 Combine like terms . 6 x 2 48 x 54 Simplify .

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Use FOIL to find the product.

( x + 7 ) ( 3 x 5 )

3 x 2 + 16 x −35

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Perfect square trinomials

Certain binomial products have special forms. When a binomial is squared, the result is called a perfect square trinomial    . We can find the square by multiplying the binomial by itself. However, there is a special form that each of these perfect square trinomials takes, and memorizing the form makes squaring binomials much easier and faster. Let’s look at a few perfect square trinomials to familiarize ourselves with the form.

  ( x + 5 ) 2 = x 2 + 10 x + 25 ( x 3 ) 2 =    x 2 6 x + 9 ( 4 x 1 ) 2 = 16 x 2 8 x + 1

Notice that the first term of each trinomial is the square of the first term of the binomial and, similarly, the last term of each trinomial is the square of the last term of the binomial. The middle term is double the product of the two terms. Lastly, we see that the first sign of the trinomial is the same as the sign of the binomial.

Perfect square trinomials

When a binomial is squared, the result is the first term squared added to double the product of both terms and the last term squared.

( x + a ) 2 = ( x + a ) ( x + a ) = x 2 + 2 a x + a 2

Given a binomial, square it using the formula for perfect square trinomials.

  1. Square the first term of the binomial.
  2. Square the last term of the binomial.
  3. For the middle term of the trinomial, double the product of the two terms.
  4. Add and simplify.

Expanding perfect squares

Expand ( 3 x 8 ) 2 .

Begin by squaring the first term and the last term. For the middle term of the trinomial, double the product of the two terms.

( 3 x ) 2 2 ( 3 x ) ( 8 ) + ( −8 ) 2

Simplify

9 x 2 48 x + 64.

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Expand ( 4 x 1 ) 2 .

16 x 2 −8 x + 1

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Difference of squares

Another special product is called the difference of squares    , which occurs when we multiply a binomial by another binomial with the same terms but the opposite sign. Let’s see what happens when we multiply ( x + 1 ) ( x 1 ) using the FOIL method.

( x + 1 ) ( x 1 ) = x 2 x + x 1 = x 2 1

The middle term drops out, resulting in a difference of squares. Just as we did with the perfect squares, let’s look at a few examples.

Questions & Answers

1KI POWER 1/3 PLEASE SOLUTIONS
Prashant Reply
hii
Amit
how are you
Dorbor
Find the possible value of 8.5 using moivre's theorem
Reuben Reply
which of these functions is not uniformly cintinuous on (0, 1)? sinx
Pooja Reply
which of these functions is not uniformly continuous on 0,1
Basant Reply
solve this equation by completing the square 3x-4x-7=0
Jamiz Reply
X=7
Muustapha
=7
mantu
x=7
mantu
3x-4x-7=0 -x=7 x=-7
Kr
x=-7
mantu
9x-16x-49=0 -7x=49 -x=7 x=7
mantu
what's the formula
Modress
-x=7
Modress
new member
siame
what is trigonometry
Jean Reply
deals with circles, angles, and triangles. Usually in the form of Soh cah toa or sine, cosine, and tangent
Thomas
solve for me this equational y=2-x
Rubben Reply
what are you solving for
Alex
solve x
Rubben
you would move everything to the other side leaving x by itself. subtract 2 and divide -1.
Nikki
then I got x=-2
Rubben
it will b -y+2=x
Alex
goodness. I'm sorry. I will let Alex take the wheel.
Nikki
ouky thanks braa
Rubben
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Rubben
how to get 8 trigonometric function of tanA=0.5, given SinA=5/13? Can you help me?m
Pab Reply
More example of algebra and trigo
Stephen Reply
What is Indices
Yashim Reply
If one side only of a triangle is given is it possible to solve for the unkown two sides?
Felix Reply
cool
Rubben
kya
Khushnama
please I need help in maths
Dayo Reply
Okey tell me, what's your problem is?
Navin
the least possible degree ?
Dejen Reply
(1+cosA)(1-cosA)=sin^2A
BINCY Reply
good
Neha
why I'm sending you solved question
Mirza
Teach me abt the echelon method
Khamis
exact value of cos(π/3-π/4)
Ankit Reply

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Source:  OpenStax, Algebra and trigonometry. OpenStax CNX. Nov 14, 2016 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11758/1.6
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