



To the nearest tenth, how long will it take for the population to reach
$\text{\hspace{0.17em}}900?$
about
$\text{\hspace{0.17em}}7.3\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ years
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Extensions
A substance has a halflife of 2.045 minutes. If the initial amount of the substance was 132.8 grams, how many halflives will have passed before the substance decays to 8.3 grams? What is the total time of decay?
$4\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ halflives;
$\text{\hspace{0.17em}}8.18\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ minutes
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The formula for an increasing population is given by
$\text{\hspace{0.17em}}P(t)={P}_{0}{e}^{rt}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ where
$\text{\hspace{0.17em}}{P}_{0}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ is the initial population and
$\text{\hspace{0.17em}}r>0.\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ Derive a general formula for the time
t it takes for the population to increase by a factor of
M .
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Recall the formula for calculating the magnitude of an earthquake,
$\text{\hspace{0.17em}}M=\frac{2}{3}\mathrm{log}\left(\frac{S}{{S}_{0}}\right).$ Show each step for solving this equation algebraically for the seismic moment
$\text{\hspace{0.17em}}S.$
$\begin{array}{l}\text{}M=\frac{2}{3}\mathrm{log}\left(\frac{S}{{S}_{0}}\right)\hfill \\ \mathrm{log}\left(\frac{S}{{S}_{0}}\right)=\frac{3}{2}M\hfill \\ \text{}\frac{S}{{S}_{0}}={10}^{\frac{3M}{2}}\hfill \\ \text{}S={S}_{0}{10}^{\frac{3M}{2}}\hfill \end{array}$
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What is the
y intercept of the logistic growth model
$\text{\hspace{0.17em}}y=\frac{c}{1+a{e}^{rx}}?\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ Show the steps for calculation. What does this point tell us about the population?
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Prove that
$\text{\hspace{0.17em}}{b}^{x}={e}^{x\mathrm{ln}\left(b\right)}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ for positive
$\text{\hspace{0.17em}}b\ne 1.$
Let
$\text{\hspace{0.17em}}y={b}^{x}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ for some nonnegative real number
$\text{\hspace{0.17em}}b\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ such that
$\text{\hspace{0.17em}}b\ne 1.\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ Then,
$\begin{array}{l}\mathrm{ln}(y)=\mathrm{ln}({b}^{x})\hfill \\ \mathrm{ln}(y)=x\mathrm{ln}(b)\hfill \\ {e}^{\mathrm{ln}(y)}={e}^{x\mathrm{ln}(b)}\hfill \\ y={e}^{x\mathrm{ln}(b)}\hfill \end{array}$
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Realworld applications
For the following exercises, use this scenario: A doctor prescribes 125 milligrams of a therapeutic drug that decays by about 30% each hour.
Write an exponential model representing the amount of the drug remaining in the patient’s system after
$\text{\hspace{0.17em}}t\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ hours. Then use the formula to find the amount of the drug that would remain in the patient’s system after 3 hours. Round to the nearest milligram.
$A=125{e}^{\left(0.3567t\right)};A\approx 43\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ mg
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Using the model found in the previous exercise, find
$\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(10\right)\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ and interpret the result. Round to the nearest hundredth.
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For the following exercises, use this scenario: A tumor is injected with
$\text{\hspace{0.17em}}0.5\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ grams of Iodine125, which has a decay rate of
$\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\mathrm{1.15\%}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ per day.
Write an exponential model representing the amount of Iodine125 remaining in the tumor after
$\text{\hspace{0.17em}}t\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ days. Then use the formula to find the amount of Iodine125 that would remain in the tumor after 60 days. Round to the nearest tenth of a gram.
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A scientist begins with
$\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{250}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ grams of a radioactive substance. After
$\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{250}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ minutes, the sample has decayed to
$\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{32}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ grams. Rounding to five significant digits, write an exponential equation representing this situation. To the nearest minute, what is the halflife of this substance?
$f(t)=250{e}^{(0.00914t)};\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ halflife: about
$\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{76}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ minutes
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The halflife of Radium226 is
$\text{\hspace{0.17em}}1590\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ years. What is the annual decay rate? Express the decimal result to four significant digits and the percentage to two significant digits.
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The halflife of Erbium165 is
$\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{10}\text{.4}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ hours. What is the hourly decay rate? Express the decimal result to four significant digits and the percentage to two significant digits.
$r\approx 0.0667,$ So the hourly decay rate is about
$\text{\hspace{0.17em}}6.67\%$
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Questions & Answers
I've run into this:
x = r*cos(angle1 + angle2)
Which expands to:
x = r(cos(angle1)*cos(angle2)  sin(angle1)*sin(angle2))
The r value confuses me here, because distributing it makes:
(r*cos(angle2))(cos(angle1)  (r*sin(angle2))(sin(angle1))
How does this make sense? Why does the r distribute once
How can you tell what type of parent function a graph is ?
generally by how the graph looks and understanding what the base parent functions look like and perform on a graph
William
if you have a graphed line, you can have an idea by how the directions of the line turns, i.e. negative, positive, zero
William
y=x will obviously be a straight line with a zero slope
William
y=x^2 will have a parabolic line opening to positive infinity on both sides of the y axis
vice versa with y=x^2 you'll have both ends of the parabolic line pointing downward heading to negative infinity on both sides of the y axis
William
y=x will be a straight line, but it will have a slope of one. Remember, if y=1 then x=1, so for every unit you rise you move over positively one unit. To get a straight line with a slope of 0, set y=1 or any integer.
Aaron
yes, correction on my end, I meant slope of 1 instead of slope of 0
William
Typically a function 'f' will take 'x' as input, and produce 'y' as output. As
'f(x)=y'.
According to Google,
"The range of a function is the complete set of all possible resulting values of the dependent variable (y, usually), after we have substituted the domain."
Thomas
Sorry, I don't know where the "Â"s came from. They shouldn't be there. Just ignore them. :)
Thomas
GREAT ANSWER THOUGH!!!
Darius
It is the Â that should not be there. It doesn't seem to show if encloses in quotation marks.
"Â" or 'Â' ... Â
Thomas
Now it shows, go figure?
Thomas
i do not understand anything
unknown
lol...it gets better
Darius
I've been struggling so much through all of this. my final is in four weeks 😭
Tiffany
this book is an excellent resource! have you guys ever looked at the online tutoring? there's one that is called "That Tutor Guy" and he goes over a lot of the concepts
Darius
thank you I have heard of him. I should check him out.
Tiffany
is there any question in particular?
Joe
I have always struggled with math. I get lost really easy, if you have any advice for that, it would help tremendously.
Tiffany
Sure, are you in high school or college?
Darius
Hi, apologies for the delayed response. I'm in college.
Tiffany
how to solve polynomial using a calculator
So a horizontal compression by factor of 1/2 is the same as a horizontal stretch by a factor of 2, right?
The center is at (3,4) a focus is at (3,1), and the lenght of the major axis is 26
The center is at (3,4) a focus is at (3,1) and the lenght of the major axis is 26 what will be the answer?
Rima
What kind of answer is that😑?
Rima
I had just woken up when i got this message
Joe
Can you please help me. Tomorrow is the deadline of my assignment then I don't know how to solve that
Rima
how do you find the real and complex roots of a polynomial?
Abdul
@abdul with delta maybe which is b(square)4ac=result then the 1st root bradical delta over 2a and the 2nd root b+radical delta over 2a. I am not sure if this was your question but check it up
Nare
This is the actual question: Find all roots(real and complex) of the polynomial f(x)=6x^3 + x^2  4x + 1
Abdul
@Nare please let me know if you can solve it.
Abdul
I have a question
juweeriya
hello guys I'm new here? will you happy with me
mustapha
The average annual population increase of a pack of wolves is 25.
how do you find the period of a sine graph
Period =2π
if there is a coefficient (b), just divide the coefficient by 2π to get the new period
Am
if not then how would I find it from a graph
Imani
by looking at the graph, find the distance between two consecutive maximum points (the highest points of the wave). so if the top of one wave is at point A (1,2) and the next top of the wave is at point B (6,2), then the period is 5, the difference of the xcoordinates.
Am
you could also do it with two consecutive minimum points or xintercepts
Am
I will try that thank u
Imani
Case of Equilateral Hyperbola
f(x)=4x+2, find f(3)
Benetta
f(3)=4(3)+2
f(3)=14
lamoussa
pre calc teacher: "Plug in Plug in...smell's good"
f(x)=14
Devante
Explain why log a x is not defined for a < 0
the sum of any two linear polynomial is what
divide simplify each answer
3/2÷5/4
divide simplify each answer
25/3÷5/12
Momo
how can are find the domain and range of a relations
the range is twice of the natural number which is the domain
Morolake
A cell phone company offers two plans for minutes. Plan A: $15 per month and $2 for every 300 texts. Plan B: $25 per month and $0.50 for every 100 texts. How many texts would you need to send per month for plan B to save you money?
For Plan A to reach $27/month to surpass Plan B's $26.50 monthly payment, you'll need 3,000 texts which will cost an additional $10.00. So, for the amount of texts you need to send would need to range between 1100 texts for the 100th increment, times that by 3 for the additional amount of texts...
Gilbert
...for one text payment for 300 for Plan A. So, that means Plan A; in my opinion is for people with text messaging abilities that their fingers burn the monitor for the cell phone. While Plan B would be for loners that doesn't need their fingers to due the talking; but those texts mean more then...
Gilbert
Source:
OpenStax, Precalculus. OpenStax CNX. Jan 19, 2016 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11667/1.6
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