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The letters in the word “juggernaut”

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The letters in the word “academia”

8 ! 3 ! = 6720

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The letters in the word “academia” that begin and end in “a”

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The symbols in the string #,#,#,@,@,$,$,$,%,%,%,%

12 ! 3 ! 2 ! 3 ! 4 !

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The symbols in the string #,#,#,@,@,$,$,$,%,%,%,% that begin and end with “%”

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Extensions

The set, S consists of 900,000,000 whole numbers, each being the same number of digits long. How many digits long is a number from S ? ( Hint: use the fact that a whole number cannot start with the digit 0.)

9

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The number of 5-element subsets from a set containing n elements is equal to the number of 6-element subsets from the same set. What is the value of n ? ( Hint: the order in which the elements for the subsets are chosen is not important.)

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Can C ( n , r ) ever equal P ( n , r ) ? Explain.

Yes, for the trivial cases r = 0 and r = 1. If r = 0 , then C ( n , r ) = P ( n , r ) = 1 .  If r = 1 , then r = 1 , C ( n , r ) = P ( n , r ) = n .

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Suppose a set A has 2,048 subsets. How many distinct objects are contained in A ?

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How many arrangements can be made from the letters of the word “mountains” if all the vowels must form a string?

6 ! 2 ! × 4 ! = 8640

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Real-world applications

A family consisting of 2 parents and 3 children is to pose for a picture with 2 family members in the front and 3 in the back.

  1. How many arrangements are possible with no restrictions?
  2. How many arrangements are possible if the parents must sit in the front?
  3. How many arrangements are possible if the parents must be next to each other?
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A cell phone company offers 6 different voice packages and 8 different data packages. Of those, 3 packages include both voice and data. How many ways are there to choose either voice or data, but not both?

6 3 + 8 3 = 8

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In horse racing, a “trifecta” occurs when a bettor wins by selecting the first three finishers in the exact order (1st place, 2nd place, and 3rd place). How many different trifectas are possible if there are 14 horses in a race?

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A wholesale T-shirt company offers sizes small, medium, large, and extra-large in organic or non-organic cotton and colors white, black, gray, blue, and red. How many different T-shirts are there to choose from?

4 × 2 × 5 = 40

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Hector wants to place billboard advertisements throughout the county for his new business. How many ways can Hector choose 15 neighborhoods to advertise in if there are 30 neighborhoods in the county?

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An art store has 4 brands of paint pens in 12 different colors and 3 types of ink. How many paint pens are there to choose from?

4 × 12 × 3 = 144

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How many ways can a committee of 3 freshmen and 4 juniors be formed from a group of 8 freshmen and 11 juniors?

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How many ways can a baseball coach arrange the order of 9 batters if there are 15 players on the team?

P ( 15 , 9 ) = 1 , 816 , 214 , 400

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A conductor needs 5 cellists and 5 violinists to play at a diplomatic event. To do this, he ranks the orchestra’s 10 cellists and 16 violinists in order of musical proficiency. What is the ratio of the total cellist rankings possible to the total violinist rankings possible?

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A motorcycle shop has 10 choppers, 6 bobbers, and 5 café racers—different types of vintage motorcycles. How many ways can the shop choose 3 choppers, 5 bobbers, and 2 café racers for a weekend showcase?

C ( 10 , 3 ) × C ( 6 , 5 ) × C ( 5 , 2 ) = 7 , 200

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A skateboard shop stocks 10 types of board decks, 3 types of trucks, and 4 types of wheels. How many different skateboards can be constructed?

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Just-For-Kicks Sneaker Company offers an online customizing service. How many ways are there to design a custom pair of Just-For-Kicks sneakers if a customer can choose from a basic shoe up to 11 customizable options?

2 11 = 2048

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A car wash offers the following optional services to the basic wash: clear coat wax, triple foam polish, undercarriage wash, rust inhibitor, wheel brightener, air freshener, and interior shampoo. How many washes are possible if any number of options can be added to the basic wash?

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Susan bought 20 plants to arrange along the border of her garden. How many distinct arrangements can she make if the plants are comprised of 6 tulips, 6 roses, and 8 daisies?

20 ! 6 ! 6 ! 8 ! = 116 , 396 , 280

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How many unique ways can a string of Christmas lights be arranged from 9 red, 10 green, 6 white, and 12 gold color bulbs?

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Questions & Answers

the value of 2 sin square 60 Cos 60
Sanjay Reply
0.75
Lynne
0.75
Inkoom
when can I use sin, cos tan in a giving question
duru Reply
depending on the question
Nicholas
I am a carpenter and I have to cut and assemble a conventional roof line for a new home. The dimensions are: width 30'6" length 40'6". I want a 6 and 12 pitch. The roof is a full hip construction. Give me the L,W and height of rafters for the hip, hip jacks also the length of common jacks.
John
I want to learn the calculations
Koru Reply
where can I get indices
Kojo Reply
I need matrices
Nasasira
hi
Raihany
Hi
Solomon
need help
Raihany
maybe provide us videos
Nasasira
about complex fraction
Raihany
Hello
Cromwell
a
Amie
What do you mean by a
Cromwell
nothing. I accidentally press it
Amie
you guys know any app with matrices?
Khay
Ok
Cromwell
Solve the x? x=18+(24-3)=72
Leizel Reply
x-39=72 x=111
Suraj
Solve the formula for the indicated variable P=b+4a+2c, for b
Deadra Reply
Need help with this question please
Deadra
b=-4ac-2c+P
Denisse
b=p-4a-2c
Suddhen
b= p - 4a - 2c
Snr
p=2(2a+C)+b
Suraj
b=p-2(2a+c)
Tapiwa
P=4a+b+2C
COLEMAN
b=P-4a-2c
COLEMAN
like Deadra, show me the step by step order of operation to alive for b
John
A laser rangefinder is locked on a comet approaching Earth. The distance g(x), in kilometers, of the comet after x days, for x in the interval 0 to 30 days, is given by g(x)=250,000csc(π30x). Graph g(x) on the interval [0, 35]. Evaluate g(5)  and interpret the information. What is the minimum distance between the comet and Earth? When does this occur? To which constant in the equation does this correspond? Find and discuss the meaning of any vertical asymptotes.
Kaitlyn Reply
The sequence is {1,-1,1-1.....} has
amit Reply
circular region of radious
Kainat Reply
how can we solve this problem
Joel Reply
Sin(A+B) = sinBcosA+cosBsinA
Eseka Reply
Prove it
Eseka
Please prove it
Eseka
hi
Joel
yah
immy
June needs 45 gallons of punch. 2 different coolers. Bigger cooler is 5 times as large as smaller cooler. How many gallons in each cooler?
Arleathia Reply
7.5 and 37.5
Nando
how would this look as an equation?
Hayden
5x+x=45
Khay
find the sum of 28th term of the AP 3+10+17+---------
Prince Reply
I think you should say "28 terms" instead of "28th term"
Vedant
the 28th term is 175
Nando
192
Kenneth
if sequence sn is a such that sn>0 for all n and lim sn=0than prove that lim (s1 s2............ sn) ke hole power n =n
SANDESH Reply
write down the polynomial function with root 1/3,2,-3 with solution
Gift Reply
find general solution of the Tanx=-1/root3,secx=2/root3
Nani Reply
find general solution of the following equation
Nani
Practice Key Terms 5

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Source:  OpenStax, Algebra and trigonometry. OpenStax CNX. Nov 14, 2016 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11758/1.6
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