# 8.8 Vectors  (Page 10/22)

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Suppose a body has a force of 3 pounds acting on it to the left, 4 pounds acting on it upward, and 2 pounds acting on it 30° from the horizontal. What single force is needed to produce a state of equilibrium on the body? Draw the vector.

5.1583 pounds, 75.8° from the horizontal

## Non-right Triangles: Law of Sines

For the following exercises, assume $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\alpha \text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ is opposite side $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}a,\beta \text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ is opposite side $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}b,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ and $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\gamma \text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ is opposite side $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}c.\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ Solve each triangle, if possible. Round each answer to the nearest tenth.

$\beta =50°,a=105,b=45$

Not possible

$\alpha =43.1°,a=184.2,b=242.8$

Solve the triangle.

$C=120°,a=23.1,c=34.1$

Find the area of the triangle.

A pilot is flying over a straight highway. He determines the angles of depression to two mileposts, 2.1 km apart, to be 25° and 49°, as shown in [link] . Find the distance of the plane from point $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}A\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ and the elevation of the plane.

distance of the plane from point $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}A:\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ 2.2 km, elevation of the plane: 1.6 km

## Non-right Triangles: Law of Cosines

Solve the triangle, rounding to the nearest tenth, assuming $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\alpha \text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ is opposite side $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}a,\beta \text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ is opposite side $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}b,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ and $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\gamma \text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ s opposite side

Solve the triangle in [link] , rounding to the nearest tenth.

$B=71.0°,C=55.0°,a=12.8$

Find the area of a triangle with sides of length 8.3, 6.6, and 9.1.

To find the distance between two cities, a satellite calculates the distances and angle shown in [link] (not to scale). Find the distance between the cities. Round answers to the nearest tenth.

40.6 km

## Polar Coordinates

Plot the point with polar coordinates $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(3,\frac{\pi }{6}\right).$

Plot the point with polar coordinates $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(5,-\frac{2\pi }{3}\right)$

Convert $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(6,-\frac{3\pi }{4}\right)\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ to rectangular coordinates.

Convert $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(-2,\frac{3\pi }{2}\right)\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ to rectangular coordinates.

$\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(0,2\right)\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$

Convert $\left(7,-2\right)$ to polar coordinates.

Convert $\left(-9,-4\right)$ to polar coordinates.

$\left(9.8489,203.96°\right)$

For the following exercises, convert the given Cartesian equation to a polar equation.

$x=-2$

${x}^{2}+{y}^{2}=64$

$r=8$

${x}^{2}+{y}^{2}=-2y$

For the following exercises, convert the given polar equation to a Cartesian equation.

$r=7\text{cos}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\theta$

${x}^{2}+{y}^{2}=7x$

$r=\frac{-2}{4\mathrm{cos}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\theta +\mathrm{sin}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\theta }$

For the following exercises, convert to rectangular form and graph.

$\theta =\frac{3\pi }{4}$

$y=-x$

$r=5\mathrm{sec}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\theta$

## Polar Coordinates: Graphs

For the following exercises, test each equation for symmetry.

$r=4+4\mathrm{sin}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\theta$

symmetric with respect to the line $\theta =\frac{\pi }{2}$

$r=7$

Sketch a graph of the polar equation $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}r=1-5\mathrm{sin}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\theta .\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ Label the axis intercepts.

Sketch a graph of the polar equation $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}r=5\mathrm{sin}\left(7\theta \right).$

Sketch a graph of the polar equation $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}r=3-3\mathrm{cos}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\theta$

## Polar Form of Complex Numbers

For the following exercises, find the absolute value of each complex number.

$-2+6i$

$4-\text{​}3i$

5

Write the complex number in polar form.

$5+9i$

$\frac{1}{2}-\frac{\sqrt{3}}{2}\text{​}i$

$\mathrm{cis}\left(-\frac{\pi }{3}\right)$

For the following exercises, convert the complex number from polar to rectangular form.

$z=5\mathrm{cis}\left(\frac{5\pi }{6}\right)$

$z=3\mathrm{cis}\left(40°\right)$

$2.3+1.9i$

For the following exercises, find the product $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}{z}_{1}{z}_{2}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ in polar form.

${z}_{1}=2\mathrm{cis}\left(89°\right)$

${z}_{2}=5\mathrm{cis}\left(23°\right)$

${z}_{1}=10\mathrm{cis}\left(\frac{\pi }{6}\right)$

${z}_{2}=6\mathrm{cis}\left(\frac{\pi }{3}\right)$

$60\mathrm{cis}\left(\frac{\pi }{2}\right)$

For the following exercises, find the quotient $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\frac{{z}_{1}}{{z}_{2}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ in polar form.

${z}_{1}=12\mathrm{cis}\left(55°\right)$

${z}_{2}=3\mathrm{cis}\left(18°\right)$

${z}_{1}=27\mathrm{cis}\left(\frac{5\pi }{3}\right)$

${z}_{2}=9\mathrm{cis}\left(\frac{\pi }{3}\right)$

$3\mathrm{cis}\left(\frac{4\pi }{3}\right)$

For the following exercises, find the powers of each complex number in polar form.

Find $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}{z}^{4}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ when $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}z=2\mathrm{cis}\left(70°\right)$

Find $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}{z}^{2}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ when $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}z=5\mathrm{cis}\left(\frac{3\pi }{4}\right)$

$25\mathrm{cis}\left(\frac{3\pi }{2}\right)$

#### Questions & Answers

The center is at (3,4) a focus is at (3,-1), and the lenght of the major axis is 26
The center is at (3,4) a focus is at (3,-1) and the lenght of the major axis is 26 what will be the answer?
Rima
I done know
Joe
What kind of answer is that😑?
Rima
I had just woken up when i got this message
Joe
Can you please help me. Tomorrow is the deadline of my assignment then I don't know how to solve that
Rima
i have a question.
Abdul
how do you find the real and complex roots of a polynomial?
Abdul
@abdul with delta maybe which is b(square)-4ac=result then the 1st root -b-radical delta over 2a and the 2nd root -b+radical delta over 2a. I am not sure if this was your question but check it up
Nare
This is the actual question: Find all roots(real and complex) of the polynomial f(x)=6x^3 + x^2 - 4x + 1
Abdul
@Nare please let me know if you can solve it.
Abdul
I have a question
juweeriya
hello guys I'm new here? will you happy with me
mustapha
The average annual population increase of a pack of wolves is 25.
how do you find the period of a sine graph
Period =2π if there is a coefficient (b), just divide the coefficient by 2π to get the new period
Am
if not then how would I find it from a graph
Imani
by looking at the graph, find the distance between two consecutive maximum points (the highest points of the wave). so if the top of one wave is at point A (1,2) and the next top of the wave is at point B (6,2), then the period is 5, the difference of the x-coordinates.
Am
you could also do it with two consecutive minimum points or x-intercepts
Am
I will try that thank u
Imani
Case of Equilateral Hyperbola
ok
Zander
ok
Shella
f(x)=4x+2, find f(3)
Benetta
f(3)=4(3)+2 f(3)=14
lamoussa
14
Vedant
pre calc teacher: "Plug in Plug in...smell's good" f(x)=14
Devante
8x=40
Chris
Explain why log a x is not defined for a < 0
the sum of any two linear polynomial is what
divide simplify each answer 3/2÷5/4
divide simplify each answer 25/3÷5/12
Momo
how can are find the domain and range of a relations
the range is twice of the natural number which is the domain
Morolake
A cell phone company offers two plans for minutes. Plan A: $15 per month and$2 for every 300 texts. Plan B: $25 per month and$0.50 for every 100 texts. How many texts would you need to send per month for plan B to save you money?
6000
Robert
more than 6000
Robert
can I see the picture
How would you find if a radical function is one to one?
how to understand calculus?
with doing calculus
SLIMANE
Thanks po.
Jenica
Hey I am new to precalculus, and wanted clarification please on what sine is as I am floored by the terms in this app? I don't mean to sound stupid but I have only completed up to college algebra.
I don't know if you are looking for a deeper answer or not, but the sine of an angle in a right triangle is the length of the opposite side to the angle in question divided by the length of the hypotenuse of said triangle.
Marco
can you give me sir tips to quickly understand precalculus. Im new too in that topic. Thanks
Jenica
if you remember sine, cosine, and tangent from geometry, all the relationships are the same but they use x y and r instead (x is adjacent, y is opposite, and r is hypotenuse).
Natalie
it is better to use unit circle than triangle .triangle is only used for acute angles but you can begin with. Download any application named"unit circle" you find in it all you need. unit circle is a circle centred at origine (0;0) with radius r= 1.
SLIMANE
What is domain
johnphilip
the standard equation of the ellipse that has vertices (0,-4)&(0,4) and foci (0, -15)&(0,15) it's standard equation is x^2 + y^2/16 =1 tell my why is it only x^2? why is there no a^2?
what is foci?
This term is plural for a focus, it is used for conic sections. For more detail or other math questions. I recommend researching on "Khan academy" or watching "The Organic Chemistry Tutor" YouTube channel.
Chris