Because
radian measure is the ratio of two lengths, it is a unitless measure. For example, in
[link] , suppose the radius were 2 inches and the distance along the arc were also 2 inches. When we calculate the radian measure of the angle, the “inches” cancel, and we have a result without units. Therefore, it is not necessary to write the label “radians” after a radian measure, and if we see an angle that is not labeled with “degrees” or the degree symbol, we can assume that it is a radian measure.
Considering the most basic case, the
unit circle (a circle with radius 1), we know that 1 rotation equals 360 degrees, 360°. We can also track one rotation around a circle by finding the circumference,
$\text{\hspace{0.17em}}C=2\pi r,$ and for the unit circle
$\text{\hspace{0.17em}}C=2\pi .\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ These two different ways to rotate around a circle give us a way to convert from degrees to radians.
In addition to knowing the measurements in degrees and radians of a quarter revolution, a half revolution, and a full revolution, there are other frequently encountered angles in one revolution of a circle with which we should be familiar. It is common to encounter multiples of 30, 45, 60, and 90 degrees. These values are shown in
[link] . Memorizing these angles will be very useful as we study the properties associated with angles.
Now, we can list the corresponding radian values for the common measures of a circle corresponding to those listed in
[link] , which are shown in
[link] . Be sure you can verify each of these measures.
Finding a radian measure
Find the radian measure of one-third of a full rotation.
For any circle, the arc length along such a rotation would be one-third of the circumference. We know that
Find the radian measure of three-fourths of a full rotation.
$$\frac{3\pi}{2}$$
Converting between radians and degrees
Because degrees and radians both measure angles, we need to be able to convert between them. We can easily do so using a proportion.
$$\frac{\theta}{180}=\frac{{\theta}^{R}}{\pi}$$
This proportion shows that the measure of angle
$\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\theta \text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ in degrees divided by 180 equals the measure of angle
$\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\theta \text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ in radians divided by
$\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\pi .\hspace{0.17em}$ Or, phrased another way, degrees is to 180 as radians is to
$\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\pi .$
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?