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( y 6 ) 2 36 ( x + 1 ) 2 16 = 1

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( x 2 ) 2 49 ( y + 7 ) 2 49 = 1

( x 2 ) 2 7 2 ( y + 7 ) 2 7 2 = 1 ; vertices: ( 9 , 7 ) , ( 5 , 7 ) ; foci: ( 2 + 7 2 , 7 ) , ( 2 7 2 , 7 ) ; asymptotes: y = x 9 , y = x 5

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4 x 2 8 x 9 y 2 72 y + 112 = 0

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9 x 2 54 x + 9 y 2 54 y + 81 = 0

( x + 3 ) 2 3 2 ( y 3 ) 2 3 2 = 1 ; vertices: ( 0 , 3 ) , ( 6 , 3 ) ; foci: ( 3 + 3 2 , 1 ) , ( 3 3 2 , 1 ) ; asymptotes: y = x + 6 , y = x

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4 x 2 24 x 36 y 2 360 y + 864 = 0

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4 x 2 + 24 x + 16 y 2 128 y + 156 = 0

( y 4 ) 2 2 2 ( x 3 ) 2 4 2 = 1 ; vertices: ( 3 , 6 ) , ( 3 , 2 ) ; foci: ( 3 , 4 + 2 5 ) , ( 3 , 4 2 5 ) ; asymptotes: y = 1 2 ( x 3 ) + 4 , y = 1 2 ( x 3 ) + 4

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4 x 2 + 40 x + 25 y 2 100 y + 100 = 0

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x 2 + 2 x 100 y 2 1000 y + 2401 = 0

( y + 5 ) 2 7 2 ( x + 1 ) 2 70 2 = 1 ; vertices: ( 1 , 2 ) , ( 1 , 12 ) ; foci: ( 1 , 5 + 7 101 ) , ( 1 , 5 7 101 ) ; asymptotes: y = 1 10 ( x + 1 ) 5 , y = 1 10 ( x + 1 ) 5

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9 x 2 + 72 x + 16 y 2 + 16 y + 4 = 0

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4 x 2 + 24 x 25 y 2 + 200 y 464 = 0

( x + 3 ) 2 5 2 ( y 4 ) 2 2 2 = 1 ; vertices: ( 2 , 4 ) , ( 8 , 4 ) ; foci: ( 3 + 29 , 4 ) , ( 3 29 , 4 ) ; asymptotes: y = 2 5 ( x + 3 ) + 4 , y = 2 5 ( x + 3 ) + 4

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For the following exercises, find the equations of the asymptotes for each hyperbola.

( x 3 ) 2 5 2 ( y + 4 ) 2 2 2 = 1

y = 2 5 ( x 3 ) 4 , y = 2 5 ( x 3 ) 4

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( y 3 ) 2 3 2 ( x + 5 ) 2 6 2 = 1

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9 x 2 18 x 16 y 2 + 32 y 151 = 0

y = 3 4 ( x 1 ) + 1 , y = 3 4 ( x 1 ) + 1

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16 y 2 + 96 y 4 x 2 + 16 x + 112 = 0

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Graphical

For the following exercises, sketch a graph of the hyperbola, labeling vertices and foci.

( y + 5 ) 2 9 ( x 4 ) 2 25 = 1

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( x 2 ) 2 8 ( y + 3 ) 2 27 = 1

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( y 3 ) 2 9 ( x 3 ) 2 9 = 1

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4 x 2 8 x + 16 y 2 32 y 52 = 0

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x 2 8 x 25 y 2 100 y 109 = 0

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x 2 + 8 x + 4 y 2 40 y + 88 = 0

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64 x 2 + 128 x 9 y 2 72 y 656 = 0

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16 x 2 + 64 x 4 y 2 8 y 4 = 0

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100 x 2 + 1000 x + y 2 10 y 2575 = 0

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4 x 2 + 16 x 4 y 2 + 16 y + 16 = 0

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For the following exercises, given information about the graph of the hyperbola, find its equation.

Vertices at ( 3 , 0 ) and ( −3 , 0 ) and one focus at ( 5 , 0 ) .

x 2 9 y 2 16 = 1

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Vertices at ( 0 , 6 ) and ( 0 , −6 ) and one focus at ( 0 , −8 ) .

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Vertices at ( 1 , 1 ) and ( 11 , 1 ) and one focus at ( 12 , 1 ) .

( x 6 ) 2 25 ( y 1 ) 2 11 = 1

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Center: ( 0 , 0 ) ; vertex: ( 0 , −13 ) ; one focus: ( 0 , 313 ) .

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Center: ( 4 , 2 ) ; vertex: ( 9 , 2 ) ; one focus: ( 4 + 26 , 2 ) .

( x 4 ) 2 25 ( y 2 ) 2 1 = 1

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Center: ( 3 , 5 ) ; vertex: ( 3 , 11 ) ; one focus: ( 3 , 5 + 2 10 ) .

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For the following exercises, given the graph of the hyperbola, find its equation.

y 2 9 ( x + 1 ) 2 9 = 1

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( x + 3 ) 2 25 ( y + 3 ) 2 25 = 1

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Extensions

For the following exercises, express the equation for the hyperbola as two functions, with y as a function of x . Express as simply as possible. Use a graphing calculator to sketch the graph of the two functions on the same axes.

y 2 9 x 2 1 = 1

y ( x ) = 3 x 2 + 1 , y ( x ) = 3 x 2 + 1

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( x 2 ) 2 16 ( y + 3 ) 2 25 = 1

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4 x 2 16 x + y 2 2 y 19 = 0

y ( x ) = 1 + 2 x 2 + 4 x + 5 , y ( x ) = 1 2 x 2 + 4 x + 5

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4 x 2 24 x y 2 4 y + 16 = 0

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Real-world applications

For the following exercises, a hedge is to be constructed in the shape of a hyperbola near a fountain at the center of the yard. Find the equation of the hyperbola and sketch the graph.

The hedge will follow the asymptotes y = x  and  y = x , and its closest distance to the center fountain is 5 yards.

x 2 25 y 2 25 = 1

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The hedge will follow the asymptotes y = 2 x  and  y = −2 x , and its closest distance to the center fountain is 6 yards.

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The hedge will follow the asymptotes y = 1 2 x and y = 1 2 x , and its closest distance to the center fountain is 10 yards.

x 2 100 y 2 25 = 1

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The hedge will follow the asymptotes y = 2 3 x and y = 2 3 x , and its closest distance to the center fountain is 12 yards.

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The hedge will follow the asymptotes   y = 3 4 x  and  y = 3 4 x , and its closest distance to the center fountain is 20 yards.

x 2 400 y 2 225 = 1

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For the following exercises, assume an object enters our solar system and we want to graph its path on a coordinate system with the sun at the origin and the x-axis as the axis of symmetry for the object's path. Give the equation of the flight path of each object using the given information.

The object enters along a path approximated by the line y = x 2 and passes within 1 au (astronomical unit) of the sun at its closest approach, so that the sun is one focus of the hyperbola. It then departs the solar system along a path approximated by the line y = x + 2.

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The object enters along a path approximated by the line y = 2 x 2 and passes within 0.5 au of the sun at its closest approach, so the sun is one focus of the hyperbola. It then departs the solar system along a path approximated by the line y = −2 x + 2.

( x 1 ) 2 0.25 y 2 0.75 = 1

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The object enters along a path approximated by the line y = 0.5 x + 2 and passes within 1 au of the sun at its closest approach, so the sun is one focus of the hyperbola. It then departs the solar system along a path approximated by the line y = −0.5 x 2.

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The object enters along a path approximated by the line y = 1 3 x 1 and passes within 1 au of the sun at its closest approach, so the sun is one focus of the hyperbola. It then departs the solar system along a path approximated by the line   y = 1 3 x + 1.

( x 3 ) 2 4 y 2 5 = 1

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The object It enters along a path approximated by the line y = 3 x 9 and passes within 1 au of the sun at its closest approach, so the sun is one focus of the hyperbola. It then departs the solar system along a path approximated by the line y = −3 x + 9.

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Questions & Answers

use the y -intercept and slope to sketch the graph of the equation y=6x
Only Reply
how do we prove the quadratic formular
Seidu Reply
hello, if you have a question about Algebra 2. I may be able to help. I am an Algebra 2 Teacher
Shirley Reply
thank you help me with how to prove the quadratic equation
Seidu
may God blessed u for that. Please I want u to help me in sets.
Opoku
what is math number
Tric Reply
4
Trista
x-2y+3z=-3 2x-y+z=7 -x+3y-z=6
Sidiki Reply
Need help solving this problem (2/7)^-2
Simone Reply
x+2y-z=7
Sidiki
what is the coefficient of -4×
Mehri Reply
-1
Shedrak
the operation * is x * y =x + y/ 1+(x × y) show if the operation is commutative if x × y is not equal to -1
Alfred Reply
An investment account was opened with an initial deposit of $9,600 and earns 7.4% interest, compounded continuously. How much will the account be worth after 15 years?
Kala Reply
lim x to infinity e^1-e^-1/log(1+x)
given eccentricity and a point find the equiation
Moses Reply
12, 17, 22.... 25th term
Alexandra Reply
12, 17, 22.... 25th term
Akash
College algebra is really hard?
Shirleen Reply
Absolutely, for me. My problems with math started in First grade...involving a nun Sister Anastasia, bad vision, talking & getting expelled from Catholic school. When it comes to math I just can't focus and all I can hear is our family silverware banging and clanging on the pink Formica table.
Carole
I'm 13 and I understand it great
AJ
I am 1 year old but I can do it! 1+1=2 proof very hard for me though.
Atone
Not really they are just easy concepts which can be understood if you have great basics. I am 14 I understood them easily.
Vedant
hi vedant can u help me with some assignments
Solomon
find the 15th term of the geometric sequince whose first is 18 and last term of 387
Jerwin Reply
I know this work
salma
The given of f(x=x-2. then what is the value of this f(3) 5f(x+1)
virgelyn Reply
hmm well what is the answer
Abhi
If f(x) = x-2 then, f(3) when 5f(x+1) 5((3-2)+1) 5(1+1) 5(2) 10
Augustine
Practice Key Terms 4

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Source:  OpenStax, College algebra. OpenStax CNX. Feb 06, 2015 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11759/1.3
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