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( 11 a + 3 ) 18 a = −4

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4 z 2 z ( 1 + 4 ) = 36

−6

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4 y ( 7 2 ) 2 = −200

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( 2 x ) 2 + 1 = −3

± 1

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8 ( 2 + 4 ) 15 b = b

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1 4 ( 8 w 4 2 ) = 0

2

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For the following exercises, simplify the expression.

2 y ( 4 ) 2 y 11

−14 y 11

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a 2 3 ( 64 ) 12 a ÷ 6

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8 b 4 b ( 3 ) + 1

−4 b + 1

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5 l ÷ 3 l × ( 9 6 )

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7 z 3 + z × 6 2

43 z 3

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4 × 3 + 18 x ÷ 9 12

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9 ( y + 8 ) 27

9 y + 45

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6 + 12 b 3 × 6 b

−6 b + 6

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( 4 9 ) 2 × 27 x

16 x 3

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8 ( 3 m ) + 1 ( 8 )

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9 x + 4 x ( 2 + 3 ) 4 ( 2 x + 3 x )

9 x

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Real-world applications

For the following exercises, consider this scenario: Fred earns $40 mowing lawns. He spends $10 on mp3s, puts half of what is left in a savings account, and gets another $5 for washing his neighbor’s car.

Write the expression that represents the number of dollars Fred keeps (and does not put in his savings account). Remember the order of operations.

1 2 ( 40 10 ) + 5

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How much money does Fred keep?

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For the following exercises, solve the given problem.

According to the U.S. Mint, the diameter of a quarter is 0.955 inches. The circumference of the quarter would be the diameter multiplied by π . Is the circumference of a quarter a whole number, a rational number, or an irrational number?

irrational number

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Jessica and her roommate, Adriana, have decided to share a change jar for joint expenses. Jessica put her loose change in the jar first, and then Adriana put her change in the jar. We know that it does not matter in which order the change was added to the jar. What property of addition describes this fact?

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For the following exercises, consider this scenario: There is a mound of g pounds of gravel in a quarry. Throughout the day, 400 pounds of gravel is added to the mound. Two orders of 600 pounds are sold and the gravel is removed from the mound. At the end of the day, the mound has 1,200 pounds of gravel.

Write the equation that describes the situation.

g + 400 2 ( 600 ) = 1200

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For the following exercise, solve the given problem.

Ramon runs the marketing department at his company. His department gets a budget every year, and every year, he must spend the entire budget without going over. If he spends less than the budget, then his department gets a smaller budget the following year. At the beginning of this year, Ramon got $2.5 million for the annual marketing budget. He must spend the budget such that 2,500,000 x = 0. What property of addition tells us what the value of x must be?

inverse property of addition

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Technology

For the following exercises, use a graphing calculator to solve for x . Round the answers to the nearest hundredth.

0.5 ( 12.3 ) 2 48 x = 3 5

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( 0.25 0.75 ) 2 x 7.2 = 9.9

68.4

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Extensions

If a whole number is not a natural number, what must the number be?

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Determine whether the statement is true or false: The multiplicative inverse of a rational number is also rational.

true

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Determine whether the statement is true or false: The product of a rational and irrational number is always irrational.

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Determine whether the simplified expression is rational or irrational: −18 4 ( 5 ) ( −1 ) .

irrational

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Determine whether the simplified expression is rational or irrational: −16 + 4 ( 5 ) + 5 .

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The division of two whole numbers will always result in what type of number?

rational

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What property of real numbers would simplify the following expression: 4 + 7 ( x 1 ) ?

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Questions & Answers

if sin15°=√p, express the following in terms of p
Norman Reply
prove sin²x+cos²x=3+cos4x
Kiddy Reply
the difference between two signed numbers is -8.if the minued is 5,what is the subtrahend
jeramie Reply
the difference between two signed numbers is -8.if the minuend is 5.what is the subtrahend
jeramie
what are odd numbers
micheal Reply
numbers that leave a remainder when divided by 2
Thorben
1,3,5,7,... 99,...867
Thorben
7%2=1, 679%2=1, 866245%2=1
Thorben
the third and the seventh terms of a G.P are 81 and 16, find the first and fifth terms.
Suleiman Reply
if a=3, b =4 and c=5 find the six trigonometric value sin
Martin Reply
ask
Ans
pls how do I factorize x⁴+x³-7x²-x+6=0
Gift Reply
in a function the input value is called
Rimsha Reply
how do I test for values on the number line
Modesta Reply
if a=4 b=4 then a+b=
Rimsha Reply
a+b+2ab
Kin
commulative principle
DIOSDADO
a+b= 4+4=8
Mimi
If a=4 and b=4 then we add the value of a and b i.e a+b=4+4=8.
Tariq
what are examples of natural number
sani Reply
an equation for the line that goes through the point (-1,12) and has a slope of 2,3
Katheryn Reply
3y=-9x+25
Ishaq
show that the set of natural numberdoes not from agroup with addition or multiplication butit forms aseni group with respect toaaddition as well as multiplication
Komal Reply
x^20+x^15+x^10+x^5/x^2+1
Urmila Reply
evaluate each algebraic expression. 2x+×_2 if ×=5
Sarch Reply

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Source:  OpenStax, Algebra and trigonometry. OpenStax CNX. Nov 14, 2016 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11758/1.6
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