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x + 2 4 x 1 3 = 2

x = −14

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For the following exercises, solve each rational equation for x . State all x -values that are excluded from the solution set.

2 3 x + 4 = x + 2 x + 4

x −4 ; x = −3

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3 x 2 = 1 x 1 + 7 ( x 1 ) ( x 2 )

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3 x x 1 + 2 = 3 x 1

x 1 ; when we solve this we get x = 1 , which is excluded, therefore NO solution

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5 x + 1 + 1 x 3 = 6 x 2 2 x 3

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1 x = 1 5 + 3 2 x

x 0 ; x = −5 2

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For the following exercises, find the equation of the line using the point-slope formula.

Write all the final equations using the slope-intercept form.

( 0 , 3 ) with a slope of 2 3

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( 1 , 2 ) with a slope of 4 5

y = 4 5 x + 14 5

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x -intercept is 1, and ( −2 , 6 )

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y -intercept is 2, and ( 4 , −1 )

y = 3 4 x + 2

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( −3 , 10 ) and ( 5 , −6 )

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( 1 , 3 )   and   ( 5 , 5 )

y = 1 2 x + 5 2

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parallel to y = 2 x + 5 and passes through the point ( 4 , 3 )

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perpendicular to 3 y = x 4 and passes through the point ( −2 , 1 ) .

y = −3 x 5

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For the following exercises, find the equation of the line using the given information.

( 2 , 0 ) and ( −2 , 5 )

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( 1 , 7 ) and ( 3 , 7 )

y = 7

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The slope is undefined and it passes through the point ( 2 , 3 ) .

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The slope equals zero and it passes through the point ( 1 , −4 ) .

y = −4

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The slope is 3 4 and it passes through the point (1,4) .

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( −1 , 3 ) and ( 4 , −5 )

8 x + 5 y = 7

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Graphical

For the following exercises, graph the pair of equations on the same axes, and state whether they are parallel, perpendicular, or neither.

y = 2 x + 7 y = 1 2 x 4

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3 x 2 y = 5 6 y 9 x = 6


Coordinate plane with the x and y axes ranging from negative 10 to 10.  The functions 3 times x minus 2 times y = 5 and 6 times y minus 9 times x = 6 are graphed on the same plot.  The lines do not cross.

Parallel

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y = 3 x + 1 4 y = 3 x + 2

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x = 4 y = −3


Coordinate plane with the x and y axes ranging from negative 10 to 10.  The function y = negative 3 and the line x = 4 are graphed on the same plot.  These lines cross at a 90 degree angle.

Perpendicular

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Numeric

For the following exercises, find the slope of the line that passes through the given points.

( 5 , 4 ) and ( 7 , 9 )

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( −3 , 2 ) and ( 4 , −7 )

m = 9 7

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( −5 , 4 ) and ( 2 , 4 )

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( −1 , −2 ) and ( 3 , 4 )

m = 3 2

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( 3 , −2 ) and ( 3 , −2 )

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For the following exercises, find the slope of the lines that pass through each pair of points and determine whether the lines are parallel or perpendicular.

( −1 , 3 )   and   ( 5 , 1 ) ( −2 , 3 )   and   ( 0 , 9 )

m 1 = 1 3 , m 2 = 3 ; Perpendicular .

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( 2 , 5 )   and   ( 5 , 9 ) ( −1 , −1 )   and   ( 2 , 3 )

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Technology

For the following exercises, express the equations in slope intercept form (rounding each number to the thousandths place). Enter this into a graphing calculator as Y1, then adjust the ymin and ymax values for your window to include where the y -intercept occurs. State your ymin and ymax values.

0.537 x 2.19 y = 100

y = 0.245 x 45.662. Answers may vary. y min = −50 ,   y max = −40

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4,500 x 200 y = 9,528

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200 30 y x = 70

y = 2.333 x + 6.667. Answers may vary. y min = −10 ,   y max = 10

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Extensions

Starting with the point-slope formula y y 1 = m ( x x 1 ) , solve this expression for x in terms of x 1 , y , y 1 , and m .

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Starting with the standard form of an equation A x  + B y  = C, solve this expression for y in terms of A , B , C , and x . Then put the expression in slope-intercept form.

y = A B x + C B

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Use the above derived formula to put the following standard equation in slope intercept form: 7 x 5 y = 25.

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Given that the following coordinates are the vertices of a rectangle, prove that this truly is a rectangle by showing the slopes of the sides that meet are perpendicular.

( −1 , 1 ) , ( 2 , 0 ) , ( 3 , 3 ) , and ( 0 , 4 )

The slope for  ( −1 , 1 )  to  ( 0 , 4 )  is  3. The slope for  ( −1 , 1 )  to  ( 2 , 0 )  is  1 3 . The slope for  ( 2 , 0 )  to  ( 3 , 3 )  is  3. The slope for  ( 0 , 4 )  to  ( 3 , 3 )  is  1 3 .

Yes they are perpendicular.

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Find the slopes of the diagonals in the previous exercise. Are they perpendicular?

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Real-world applications

The slope for a wheelchair ramp for a home has to be 1 12 . If the vertical distance from the ground to the door bottom is 2.5 ft, find the distance the ramp has to extend from the home in order to comply with the needed slope.

30 ft

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If the profit equation for a small business selling x number of item one and y number of item two is p = 3 x + 4 y , find the y value when p = $ 453  and   x = 75.

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For the following exercises, use this scenario: The cost of renting a car is $45/wk plus $0.25/mi traveled during that week. An equation to represent the cost would be y = 45 + .25 x , where x is the number of miles traveled.

What is your cost if you travel 50 mi?

$57.50

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If your cost were $ 63.75 , how many miles were you charged for traveling?

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Suppose you have a maximum of $100 to spend for the car rental. What would be the maximum number of miles you could travel?

220 mi

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Questions & Answers

what is the function of sine with respect of cosine , graphically
Karl Reply
tangent bruh
Steve
cosx.cos2x.cos4x.cos8x
Aashish Reply
sinx sin2x is linearly dependent
cr Reply
what is a reciprocal
Ajibola Reply
The reciprocal of a number is 1 divided by a number. eg the reciprocal of 10 is 1/10 which is 0.1
Shemmy
 Reciprocal is a pair of numbers that, when multiplied together, equal to 1. Example; the reciprocal of 3 is ⅓, because 3 multiplied by ⅓ is equal to 1
Jeza
each term in a sequence below is five times the previous term what is the eighth term in the sequence
Funmilola Reply
I don't understand how radicals works pls
Kenny Reply
How look for the general solution of a trig function
collins Reply
stock therom F=(x2+y2) i-2xy J jaha x=a y=o y=b
Saurabh Reply
sinx sin2x is linearly dependent
cr
root under 3-root under 2 by 5 y square
Himanshu Reply
The sum of the first n terms of a certain series is 2^n-1, Show that , this series is Geometric and Find the formula of the n^th
amani Reply
cosA\1+sinA=secA-tanA
Aasik Reply
Wrong question
Saad
why two x + seven is equal to nineteen.
Kingsley Reply
The numbers cannot be combined with the x
Othman
2x + 7 =19
humberto
2x +7=19. 2x=19 - 7 2x=12 x=6
Yvonne
because x is 6
SAIDI
what is the best practice that will address the issue on this topic? anyone who can help me. i'm working on my action research.
Melanie Reply
simplify each radical by removing as many factors as possible (a) √75
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how is infinity bidder from undefined?
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Practice Key Terms 7

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Source:  OpenStax, Algebra and trigonometry. OpenStax CNX. Nov 14, 2016 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11758/1.6
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