# 3.6 Zeros of polynomial functions  (Page 7/14)

 Page 7 / 14

A shipping container in the shape of a rectangular solid must have a volume of 84 cubic meters. The client tells the manufacturer that, because of the contents, the length of the container must be one meter longer than the width, and the height must be one meter greater than twice the width. What should the dimensions of the container be?

3 meters by 4 meters by 7 meters

Access these online resources for additional instruction and practice with zeros of polynomial functions.

## Key concepts

• To find $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(k\right),\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ determine the remainder of the polynomial $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(x\right)\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ when it is divided by $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x-k.\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ See [link] .
• $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}k\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ is a zero of $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(x\right)\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ if and only if $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(x-k\right)\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ is a factor of $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(x\right).$ See [link] .
• Each rational zero of a polynomial function with integer coefficients will be equal to a factor of the constant term divided by a factor of the leading coefficient. See [link] and [link] .
• When the leading coefficient is 1, the possible rational zeros are the factors of the constant term.
• Synthetic division can be used to find the zeros of a polynomial function. See [link] .
• According to the Fundamental Theorem, every polynomial function has at least one complex zero. See [link] .
• Every polynomial function with degree greater than 0 has at least one complex zero.
• Allowing for multiplicities, a polynomial function will have the same number of factors as its degree. Each factor will be in the form $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(x-c\right),\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ where $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}c\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ is a complex number. See [link] .
• The number of positive real zeros of a polynomial function is either the number of sign changes of the function or less than the number of sign changes by an even integer.
• The number of negative real zeros of a polynomial function is either the number of sign changes of $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(-x\right)\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ or less than the number of sign changes by an even integer. See [link] .
• Polynomial equations model many real-world scenarios. Solving the equations is easiest done by synthetic division. See [link] .

## Verbal

Describe a use for the Remainder Theorem.

The theorem can be used to evaluate a polynomial.

Explain why the Rational Zero Theorem does not guarantee finding zeros of a polynomial function.

What is the difference between rational and real zeros?

Rational zeros can be expressed as fractions whereas real zeros include irrational numbers.

If Descartes’ Rule of Signs reveals a no change of signs or one sign of changes, what specific conclusion can be drawn?

If synthetic division reveals a zero, why should we try that value again as a possible solution?

Polynomial functions can have repeated zeros, so the fact that number is a zero doesn’t preclude it being a zero again.

## Algebraic

For the following exercises, use the Remainder Theorem to find the remainder.

$\left({x}^{4}-9{x}^{2}+14\right)÷\left(x-2\right)$

$\left(3{x}^{3}-2{x}^{2}+x-4\right)÷\left(x+3\right)$

$-106$

$\left({x}^{4}+5{x}^{3}-4x-17\right)÷\left(x+1\right)$

$\left(-3{x}^{2}+6x+24\right)÷\left(x-4\right)$

$\text{\hspace{0.17em}}0\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$

$\left(5{x}^{5}-4{x}^{4}+3{x}^{3}-2{x}^{2}+x-1\right)÷\left(x+6\right)$

$\left({x}^{4}-1\right)÷\left(x-4\right)$

$255$

$\left(3{x}^{3}+4{x}^{2}-8x+2\right)÷\left(x-3\right)$

$\left(4{x}^{3}+5{x}^{2}-2x+7\right)÷\left(x+2\right)$

$-1$

For the following exercises, use the Factor Theorem to find all real zeros for the given polynomial function and one factor.

#### Questions & Answers

how fast can i understand functions without much difficulty
what is set?
a colony of bacteria is growing exponentially doubling in size every 100 minutes. how much minutes will it take for the colony of bacteria to triple in size
I got 300 minutes. is it right?
Patience
no. should be about 150 minutes.
Jason
It should be 158.5 minutes.
Mr
ok, thanks
Patience
100•3=300 300=50•2^x 6=2^x x=log_2(6) =2.5849625 so, 300=50•2^2.5849625 and, so, the # of bacteria will double every (100•2.5849625) = 258.49625 minutes
Thomas
what is the importance knowing the graph of circular functions?
can get some help basic precalculus
What do you need help with?
Andrew
how to convert general to standard form with not perfect trinomial
can get some help inverse function
ismail
Rectangle coordinate
how to find for x
it depends on the equation
Robert
yeah, it does. why do we attempt to gain all of them one side or the other?
Melissa
whats a domain
The domain of a function is the set of all input on which the function is defined. For example all real numbers are the Domain of any Polynomial function.
Spiro
Spiro; thanks for putting it out there like that, 😁
Melissa
foci (–7,–17) and (–7,17), the absolute value of the differenceof the distances of any point from the foci is 24.
difference between calculus and pre calculus?
give me an example of a problem so that I can practice answering
x³+y³+z³=42
Robert
dont forget the cube in each variable ;)
Robert
of she solves that, well ... then she has a lot of computational force under her command ....
Walter
what is a function?
I want to learn about the law of exponent
explain this