# 7.4 The other trigonometric functions  (Page 5/14)

 Page 5 / 14

## Period of a function

The period     $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}P\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ of a repeating function $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ is the number representing the interval such that $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(x+P\right)=f\left(x\right)\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ for any value of $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x.$

The period of the cosine, sine, secant, and cosecant functions is $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}2\pi .$

The period of the tangent and cotangent functions is $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\pi .$

## Finding the values of trigonometric functions

Find the values of the six trigonometric functions of angle $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}t\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ based on [link] .

Find the values of the six trigonometric functions of angle $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}t\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ based on [link] .

$\begin{array}{l}\mathrm{sin}t=-1,\mathrm{cos}t=0,\mathrm{tan}t=\text{Undefined}\\ \mathrm{sec}t=\text{Undefined,}\mathrm{csc}t=-1,\mathrm{cot}t=0\end{array}$

## Finding the value of trigonometric functions

If $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\mathrm{sin}\left(t\right)=-\frac{\sqrt{3}}{2}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{and}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{cos}\left(t\right)=\frac{1}{2},\text{find}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{sec}\left(t\right),\text{csc}\left(t\right),\text{tan}\left(t\right),\text{cot}\left(t\right).$

$\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\mathrm{sin}\left(t\right)=\frac{\sqrt{2}}{2}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{and}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\mathrm{cos}\left(t\right)=\frac{\sqrt{2}}{2},\text{find}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{sec}\left(t\right),\text{csc}\left(t\right),\text{tan}\left(t\right),\text{and}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{cot}\left(t\right)$

$\mathrm{sec}t=\sqrt{2},\mathrm{csc}t=\sqrt{2},\mathrm{tan}t=1,\mathrm{cot}t=1$

## Evaluating trigonometric functions with a calculator

We have learned how to evaluate the six trigonometric functions for the common first-quadrant angles and to use them as reference angles for angles in other quadrants. To evaluate trigonometric functions of other angles, we use a scientific or graphing calculator or computer software. If the calculator has a degree mode and a radian mode, confirm the correct mode is chosen before making a calculation.

Evaluating a tangent function with a scientific calculator as opposed to a graphing calculator or computer algebra system is like evaluating a sine or cosine: Enter the value and press the TAN key. For the reciprocal functions, there may not be any dedicated keys that say CSC, SEC, or COT. In that case, the function must be evaluated as the reciprocal of a sine, cosine, or tangent.

If we need to work with degrees and our calculator or software does not have a degree mode, we can enter the degrees multiplied by the conversion factor $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\frac{\pi }{180}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ to convert the degrees to radians. To find the secant of $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}30°,$ we could press

Given an angle measure in radians, use a scientific calculator to find the cosecant.

1. If the calculator has degree mode and radian mode, set it to radian mode.
2. Enter: $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}1\text{/}$
3. Enter the value of the angle inside parentheses.
4. Press the SIN key.
5. Press the = key.

Given an angle measure in radians, use a graphing utility/calculator to find the cosecant.

• If the graphing utility has degree mode and radian mode, set it to radian mode.
• Enter: $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}1\text{/}$
• Press the SIN key.
• Enter the value of the angle inside parentheses.
• Press the ENTER key.

## Evaluating the cosecant using technology

Evaluate the cosecant of $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\frac{5\pi }{7}.$

For a scientific calculator, enter information as follows:

Evaluate the cotangent of $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}-\frac{\pi }{8}.$

$\approx -2.414$

Access these online resources for additional instruction and practice with other trigonometric functions.

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(1+cosA+IsinA)(1+cosB+isinB)/(cos@+isin@)(cos$+isin$)
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4
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-16a+6b+2c
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Joeval
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x²-2x+9-4x²+12x-20 -3x²+10x+11
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The anwser is imaginary number if you want to know The anwser of the expression you must arrange The expression and use quadratic formula To find the answer
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y/y+10
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A banana.
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a function
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given 4cot thither +3=0and 0°<thither <180° use a sketch to determine the value of the following a)cos thither
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Miranda

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