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Section exercises

Verbal

Describe the altitude of a triangle.

The altitude extends from any vertex to the opposite side or to the line containing the opposite side at a 90° angle.

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Compare right triangles and oblique triangles.

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When can you use the Law of Sines to find a missing angle?

When the known values are the side opposite the missing angle and another side and its opposite angle.

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In the Law of Sines, what is the relationship between the angle in the numerator and the side in the denominator?

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What type of triangle results in an ambiguous case?

A triangle with two given sides and a non-included angle.

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Algebraic

For the following exercises, assume α is opposite side a , β is opposite side b , and γ is opposite side c . Solve each triangle, if possible. Round each answer to the nearest tenth.

α = 43° , γ = 69° , a = 20

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α = 35° , γ = 73° , c = 20

  β = 72° , a 12.0 , b 19.9

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α = 60° , β = 60° , γ = 60°

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a = 4 , α = 60° , β = 100°

  γ = 20° , b 4.5 , c 1.6

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b = 10 , β = 95° , γ = 30°

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For the following exercises, use the Law of Sines to solve for the missing side for each oblique triangle. Round each answer to the nearest hundredth. Assume that angle A is opposite side a , angle B is opposite side b , and angle C is opposite side c .

Find side b when A = 37° , B = 49° , c = 5.

b 3.78

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Find side a when A = 132° , C = 23° , b = 10.

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Find side c when B = 37° , C = 21 , b = 23.

c 13.70

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For the following exercises, assume α is opposite side a , β is opposite side b , and γ is opposite side c . Determine whether there is no triangle, one triangle, or two triangles. Then solve each triangle, if possible. Round each answer to the nearest tenth.

α = 119° , a = 14 , b = 26

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γ = 113° , b = 10 , c = 32

one triangle, α 50.3° , β 16.7° , a 26.7

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b = 3.5 , c = 5.3 , γ = 80°

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a = 12 , c = 17 , α = 35°

two triangles,   γ 54.3° , β 90.7° , b 20.9 or   γ 125.7° , β 19.3° , b 6.9

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a = 20.5 , b = 35.0 , β = 25°

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a = 7 , c = 9 , α = 43°

two triangles,   β 75.7° ,   γ 61.3° , b 9.9 or   β 18.3° , γ 118.7° , b 3.2

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a = 7 , b = 3 , β = 24°

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b = 13 , c = 5 , γ = 10°

two triangles, α 143.2° , β 26.8° , a 17.3 or α 16.8° , β 153.2° , a 8.3

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a = 2.3 , c = 1.8 , γ = 28°

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β = 119° , b = 8.2 , a = 11.3

no triangle possible

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For the following exercises, use the Law of Sines to solve, if possible, the missing side or angle for each triangle or triangles in the ambiguous case. Round each answer to the nearest tenth.

Find angle A when a = 24 , b = 5 , B = 22°.

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Find angle A when a = 13 , b = 6 , B = 20°.

A 47.8° or A 132.2°

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Find angle B when A = 12° , a = 2 , b = 9.

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For the following exercises, find the area of the triangle with the given measurements. Round each answer to the nearest tenth.

a = 5 , c = 6 , β = 35°

8.6

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b = 11 , c = 8 , α = 28°

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a = 32 , b = 24 , γ = 75°

370.9

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a = 7.2 , b = 4.5 , γ = 43°

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Graphical

For the following exercises, find the length of side x . Round to the nearest tenth.

For the following exercises, find the measure of angle x , if possible. Round to the nearest tenth.

A triangle. One angle is 22 degrees with side opposite = 5. Another angle is x degrees with opposite side = 13.

x = 76.9° or  x = 103.1°

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Notice that x is an obtuse angle.

A triangle. One angle is 55 degrees with side opposite = 21. Another angle is x degrees with opposite side = 24.

110.6°

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For the following exercises, find the area of each triangle. Round each answer to the nearest tenth.

A triangle. One angle is 93 degrees with opposite side = 32.6. Another side is 24.1.

A 39.4 ,   C 47.6 ,   B C 20.7  

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Extensions

Find the radius of the circle in [link] . Round to the nearest tenth.

A triangle inscribed in a circle. Two of the legs are radii. The central angle formed by the radii is 145 degrees, and the opposite side is 3.
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Find the diameter of the circle in [link] . Round to the nearest tenth.

A triangle inscribed in a circle. Two of the legs are radii. The central angle formed by the radii is 110 degrees, and the opposite side is 8.3.

10.1

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Questions & Answers

find to nearest one decimal place of centimeter the length of an arc of circle of radius length 12.5cm and subtending of centeral angle 1.6rad
Martina Reply
factoring polynomial
Noven Reply
what's your topic about?
Shin Reply
find general solution of the Tanx=-1/root3,secx=2/root3
Nani Reply
find general solution of the following equation
Nani
the value of 2 sin square 60 Cos 60
Sanjay Reply
0.75
Lynne
0.75
Inkoom
when can I use sin, cos tan in a giving question
duru Reply
depending on the question
Nicholas
I am a carpenter and I have to cut and assemble a conventional roof line for a new home. The dimensions are: width 30'6" length 40'6". I want a 6 and 12 pitch. The roof is a full hip construction. Give me the L,W and height of rafters for the hip, hip jacks also the length of common jacks.
John
I want to learn the calculations
Koru Reply
where can I get indices
Kojo Reply
I need matrices
Nasasira
hi
Raihany
Hi
Solomon
need help
Raihany
maybe provide us videos
Nasasira
about complex fraction
Raihany
Hello
Cromwell
a
Amie
What do you mean by a
Cromwell
nothing. I accidentally press it
Amie
you guys know any app with matrices?
Khay
Ok
Cromwell
Solve the x? x=18+(24-3)=72
Leizel Reply
x-39=72 x=111
Suraj
Solve the formula for the indicated variable P=b+4a+2c, for b
Deadra Reply
Need help with this question please
Deadra
b=-4ac-2c+P
Denisse
b=p-4a-2c
Suddhen
b= p - 4a - 2c
Snr
p=2(2a+C)+b
Suraj
b=p-2(2a+c)
Tapiwa
P=4a+b+2C
COLEMAN
b=P-4a-2c
COLEMAN
like Deadra, show me the step by step order of operation to alive for b
John
A laser rangefinder is locked on a comet approaching Earth. The distance g(x), in kilometers, of the comet after x days, for x in the interval 0 to 30 days, is given by g(x)=250,000csc(π30x). Graph g(x) on the interval [0, 35]. Evaluate g(5)  and interpret the information. What is the minimum distance between the comet and Earth? When does this occur? To which constant in the equation does this correspond? Find and discuss the meaning of any vertical asymptotes.
Kaitlyn Reply
The sequence is {1,-1,1-1.....} has
amit Reply
circular region of radious
Kainat Reply
how can we solve this problem
Joel Reply
Sin(A+B) = sinBcosA+cosBsinA
Eseka Reply
Prove it
Eseka
Please prove it
Eseka
hi
Joel
yah
immy
Practice Key Terms 4

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Source:  OpenStax, Algebra and trigonometry. OpenStax CNX. Nov 14, 2016 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11758/1.6
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