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Psychology is the scientific study of mind and behavior. (credit "background": modification of work by Nattachai Noogure; credit "top left": modification of work by U.S. Navy; credit "top middle-left": modification of work by Peter Shanks; credit "top middle-right": modification of work by "devinf"/Flickr; credit "top right": modification of work by Alejandra Quintero Sinisterra; credit "bottom left": modification of work by Gabriel Rocha; credit "bottom middle-left": modification of work by Caleb Roenigk; credit "bottom middle-right": modification of work by Staffan Scherz; credit "bottom right": modification of work by Czech Provincial Reconstruction Team)

Clive Wearing is an accomplished musician who lost his ability to form new memories when he became sick at the age of 46. While he can remember how to play the piano perfectly, he cannot remember what he ate for breakfast just an hour ago (Sacks, 2007). James Wannerton experiences a taste sensation that is associated with the sound of words. His former girlfriend’s name tastes like rhubarb (Mundasad, 2013). John Nash is a brilliant mathematician and Nobel Prize winner. However, while he was a professor at MIT, he would tell people that the New York Times contained coded messages from extraterrestrial beings that were intended for him. He also began to hear voices and became suspicious of the people around him. Soon thereafter, Nash was diagnosed with schizophrenia and admitted to a state-run mental institution (O’Connor&Robertson, 2002). Nash was the subject of the 2001 movie A Beautiful Mind . Why did these people have these experiences? How does the human brain work? And what is the connection between the brain’s internal processes and people’s external behaviors? This textbook will introduce you to various ways that the field of psychology has explored these questions.

References

American Board of Forensic Psychology. (2014). Brochure . Retrieved from http://www.abfp.com/brochure.asp

American Psychological Association. (2014). Retrieved from www.apa.org

American Psychological Association. (2014). Graduate training and career possibilities in exercise and sport psychology. Retrieved from http://www.apadivisions.org/division-47/about/resources/training.aspx?item=1

American Psychological Association. (2011). Psychology as a career. Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/education/undergrad/psych-career.aspx

Ashliman, D. L. (2001). Cupid and Psyche. In Folktexts: A library of folktales, folklore, fairy tales, and mythology. Retrieved from http://www.pitt.edu/~dash/cupid.html

Betancourt, H.,&López, S. R. (1993). The study of culture, ethnicity, and race in American psychology. American Psychologist , 48 , 629–637.

Black, S. R., Spence, S. A.,&Omari, S. R. (2004). Contributions of African Americans to the field of psychology. Journal of Black Studies , 35 , 40–64.

Bulfinch, T. (1855). The age of fable: Or, stories of gods and heroes . Boston, MA: Chase, Nichols and Hill.

Buss, D. M. (1989). Sex differences in human mate preferences: Evolutionary hypotheses tested in 37 cultures. Behavioral and Brain Sciences , 12 , 1–49.

Quiz PDF eBook: 
Treatment Of Psychological Disorders
Download Treatment Quiz PDF eBook
50 Pages
2014
English US
Educational Materials



Sample Questions from the Treatment Of Psychological Disorders Quiz

Question: Schizophrenia affects approximately ____ % of the population and accounts for approximately _____ % of admissions to state and county mental hospitals.

Choices:

5; 20

5; 5

1; 1

1; 40

Question: Which of the following is a mood disorder?

Choices:

bipolar disorder

panic disorder

generalized anxiety disorder

schizophrenia

Question: A moderately depressed mood that persists for at least 2 years and is punctuated by periods of major depression.

Choices:

schizophrenia

dependent personality disorder

bipolar disorder

double depression

Question: Comorbidity refers to:

Choices:

when the death of one spouse is likely to trigger the death of another spouse.

when a person has a severe mood disorder.

the inclusion of both environmental and biological factors in diagnosing mental disorders.

when a person has more than one disorder.

Question: Behaviors exhibited by a child such as purposely setting fires and repeatedly torturing animals predict:

Choices:

dissociative identity disorder.

anti-social personality disorder

borderline personality disorder

schizophrenia

Question: In the diathesis-stress model of psychological disorders, the diathesis usually refers to a(n):

Choices:

external cause of the disorder

external trigger that impacts gene expression.

gene that completely determines whether or not someone will have a particular psychological disorder.

underlying biological predisposition.

Question: Benzodiazepines prescribed to treat generalized anxiety disorder enhance the actions of the neurotransmitter:

Choices:

GABA

glutamate

norepinephrine.

acetylcholine

Question: Which of the following is a common feature of personality disorders?

Choices:

excessive fear of rejection

failure to take other peoples perspectives

unstable moods

overly dramatic attempts at attention seeking

Question: Although schizophrenia is likely to involve a complex interaction of neurotransmitter malfunctions, evidence from drug studies suggests that _________ is related to the positive symptoms of schizophrenia.

Choices:

epinephrine

endorphins

dopamine

GABA

Question: Lisa has a very stormy relationship with her boyfriend. Although she often experiences intense love for him, today she perceives that he wants to leave her, and so she cuts herself. Still tormented, she goes to his house and threatens to kill him or herself. When he attempts to call 911, she breaks down and tells him how painful it is to love him so much. Lisa probably would be diagnosed with having a __________ personality disorder.

Choices:

borderline

schizoid

avoidant

dependent

Question: Jennifer lives her life as if she was "onstage." She dresses flamboyantly, flirts excessively, and is overly dramatic in her displays of emotion. Today, she sobbed at her desk for hours because she had a headache. Jennifer probably could be diagnosed with which personality disorder?

Choices:

histrionic

schizotypal

dependent

anti-social

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