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Blood pressure

This photo shows a nurse taking a woman’s blood pressure with a blood pressure cuff. The nurse is pumping the cuff with her right hand and holding a stethoscope on the patient’s arm with her left hand.
A proficiency in anatomy and physiology is fundamental to any career in the health professions. (credit: Bryan Mason/flickr)

Chapter objectives

After studying this chapter, you will be able to:

  • Distinguish between anatomy and physiology, and identify several branches of each
  • Describe the structure of the body, from simplest to most complex, in terms of the six levels of organization
  • Identify the functional characteristics of human life
  • Identify the four requirements for human survival
  • Define homeostasis and explain its importance to normal human functioning
  • Use appropriate anatomical terminology to identify key body structures, body regions, and directions in the body
  • Compare and contrast at least four medical imagining techniques in terms of their function and use in medicine

Though you may approach a course in anatomy and physiology strictly as a requirement for your field of study, the knowledge you gain in this course will serve you well in many aspects of your life. An understanding of anatomy and physiology is not only fundamental to any career in the health professions, but it can also benefit your own health. Familiarity with the human body can help you make healthful choices and prompt you to take appropriate action when signs of illness arise. Your knowledge in this field will help you understand news about nutrition, medications, medical devices, and procedures and help you understand genetic or infectious diseases. At some point, everyone will have a problem with some aspect of his or her body and your knowledge can help you to be a better parent, spouse, partner, friend, colleague, or caregiver.

This chapter begins with an overview of anatomy and physiology and a preview of the body regions and functions. It then covers the characteristics of life and how the body works to maintain stable conditions. It introduces a set of standard terms for body structures and for planes and positions in the body that will serve as a foundation for more comprehensive information covered later in the text. It ends with examples of medical imaging used to see inside the living body.

Exam PDF eBook: 
Toxicology Dr. Gustafson/Hamar quiz
Download Toxicology Exam PDF eBook
30 Pages
2014
English US
Educational Materials



Sample Questions from the Toxicology Dr. Gustafson/Hamar quiz Exam

Question: Ethanol is less expensive and more available than 4-MP , making it a more practical treatment for ethylene glycol toxicity. True /False

Choices:

True

False

Question: A dog that has ingested a toxic dose of a Warfarin-based rodenticide will start showing clinical signs of uncontrolled hemorrhage in:

Choices:

12-24 hrs

2-5 days

1-2 weeks

1-2 hours

Question: Which of the following is the goal in treating Ibuprofen toxicity?

Choices:

Prevent gastric ulcers

Prevent renal failure

Prevent CNS effects

All of the above

Question: At which of the following concentrations does hydrogen sulfide (H2S) begin to cause olfactory paralysis?

Choices:

100 pppm

200 ppm

1000 ppm

50 ppm

Question: Methemoglobinemia is seen in cats after ingestion of what drug?

Choices:

Ibuprofen

Carprofen

Xylitol

Acetaminophen

Aspirin

Question: Xylitol containing sugar-free gum ingestion is associated with which laboratory abnormality?

Choices:

Hyperglycemia

Hypercalcemia

Hypoglycemia

Hypocalcemia

Question: Which of the following is NOT a treatment for pseudoephedrine toxicity?

Choices:

induction of emesis if <30 min and activated charcoal are effective

Phenobarbital

Diazepam

Acepromazine

all of the above are appropriate treatments

Question: Which species is deficient in the glucoronidation pathway , leading to potential toxicity issues with xenobiotics?

Choices:

Dogs

Cats

Birds

Cattle

Horses

Question: N acetylcysteine (NAC) serves as a thiol source in the face of GSH depletion . Which toxicity does NAC treat?

Choices:

Ibuprofen

Carprofen

Acetaminophen

Aspirin

Question: Muscle tremors and seizures is a common clinical sign seen in which drug toxicity?

Choices:

Ibuprofen

Carprofen

Acetaminophen

Aspirin

Ephedrine

Question: What is the best treatment for warfarin based rodenticide toxin?

Choices:

Vit K

Fresh frozen plasma

Antacids

Fresh frozen serum

Packed RBCs

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