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89 . Applying the law of large numbers, which sample mean would expect to be closer to the population mean, a sample of size ten or a sample of size 100?

Use this information for the next three questions. A manufacturer makes screws with a mean diameter of 0.15 cm (centimeters) and a range of 0.10 cm to 0.20 cm; within that range, the distribution is uniform.

90 . If X = the diameter of one screw, what is the distribution of X ?

91 . Suppose you repeatedly draw samples of size 100 and calculate their mean. Applying the central limit theorem, what is the distribution of these sample means?

92 . Suppose you repeatedly draw samples of 60 and calculate their sum. Applying the central limit theorem, what is the distribution of these sample sums?

Practice test 2 solutions

Probability distribution function (pdf) for a discrete random variable

1 . The domain of X = {English, Mathematics,….], i.e., a list of all the majors offered at the university, plus “undeclared.”

2 . The domain of Y = {0, 1, 2, …}, i.e., the integers from 0 to the upper limit of classes allowed by the university.

3 . The domain of Z = any amount of money from 0 upwards.

4 . Because they can take any value within their domain, and their value for any particular case is not known until the survey is completed.

5 . No, because the domain of Z includes only positive numbers (you can’t spend a negative amount of money). Possibly the value –7 is a data entry error, or a special code to indicated that the student did not answer the question.

6 . The probabilities must sum to 1.0, and the probabilities of each event must be between 0 and 1, inclusive.

7 . Let X = the number of books checked out by a patron.

8 . P ( x >2) = 0.10 + 0.05 = 0.15

9 . P ( x ≥ 0) = 1 – 0.20 = 0.80

10 . P ( x ≤ 3) = 1 – 0.05 = 0.95

11 . The probabilities would sum to 1.10, and the total probability in a distribution must always equal 1.0.

12 . x ¯ = 0(0.20) + 1(0.45) + 2(0.20) + 3(0.10) + 4(0.05) = 1.35

Mean or expected value and standard deviation

13 .

x P ( x ) x P ( x )
30 0.33 9.90
40 0.33 13.20
60 0.33 19.80

14 . x ¯ = 9.90 + 13.20 + 19.80 = 42.90

15 . P ( x = 30) = 0.33
P ( x = 40) = 0.33
P ( x = 60) = 0.33

16 .

x P ( x ) xP ( x ) ( x μ ) 2 P ( x )
30 0.33 9.90 (30 – 42.90) 2 (0.33) = 54.91
40 0.33 13.20 (40 – 42.90) 2 (0.33) = 2.78
60 0.33 19.90 (60 – 42.90) 2 (0.33) = 96.49

17 . σ x = 54.91 + 2.78 + 96.49 = 12.42

Binomial distribution

18 . q = 1 – 0.65 = 0.35

19 .

  1. There are a fixed number of trials.
  2. There are only two possible outcomes, and they add up to 1.
  3. The trials are independent and conducted under identical conditions.

20 . No, because there are not a fixed number of trials

21 . X ~ B (100, 0.65)

22 . μ = np = 100(0.65) = 65

23 . σ x = n p q = 100 ( 0.65 ) ( 0.35 ) = 4.77

24 . X = Joe gets a hit in one at-bat (in one occasion of his coming to bat)

25 . X ~ B (20, 0.4)

26 . μ = np = 20(0.4) = 8

27 . σ x = n p q = 20 ( 0.40 ) ( 0.60 ) = 2.19

4.4: geometric distribution

28 .

  1. A series of Bernoulli trials are conducted until one is a success, and then the experiment stops.
  2. At least one trial is conducted, but there is no upper limit to the number of trials.
  3. The probability of success or failure is the same for each trial.

29 . T T T T H

30 . The domain of X = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, ….n}. Because you are drawing with replacement, there is no upper bound to the number of draws that may be necessary.

Questions & Answers

Frequency find questions
Rimsha Reply
What is nominal variable
olusola Reply
Write short notes on, nominal variable, ordinal variable, internal variable, ratio variable.
olusola
P( /x-50/ less than or equal to 5 ) where mean =52 and Variance =25
Jay Reply
how I get the mcq
Mukesh Reply
please what is data mining
Josephine Reply
the exploration and analysis of large data to discover meaningful patterns and rules
Hussein
how do we calculate the median
All Reply
f(x)=cx(1-x)^4 as x range 4rm 0<=x<=1. Can someone pls help me find d constant C. By integration only..
Akeem Reply
uses of statistics in Local Government
Saleema Reply
Hi
Tamuno
hello
Saleema
state road transport corporation
Atul
District statistical officer
Atul
statistical services
Atul
Please is this part of the IMT program
Tamuno
testing of drugs
Shambhavi
hii 2
Qamar-ul-
How about population census
Tamuno
Hello every one
Okoi
sample survey is done by local government in each and every field.
syeda
statistics is used in almost every government organisations such as health department, economic department, census, weather forecasting fields
raghavendra
that's true
syeda
statistics is one of the tool that represents the falling and rising of any cases in one sheet either that is in population census whether forecast as well as economic growth
Aadil
statistic is a technique, and statistics is a subject
syeda
what is business statistics
PM Reply
Probability tells you the likelihood of an event happening. ... The higher the probability, the more likely it is to happen. Probability is a number or fraction between 0 and 1. A probability of 1 means something will always happen, and a probability of 0 means something will never happen...
La Reply
Saying it's a number between zero and one means it is a fraction so you could remove "or fraction" from you definition.
Carlos
wouldn't be correct to remove fractions, saying a number is justified as probabilities can also be decimals between 0 and 1.
Denzel
Saying "a number" will include it being a decimal which are themselves fractions in another form.
Carlos
I will simply say a probability is a number in the range zero to one, inclusive.
Carlos
f#$
Carlos
How to delete an entry? This last one was a pocket print.
Carlos
what is probability
sky-D Reply
chance of occurrence
Sikander
what is data
Muhd Reply
raw facts and figures
Sikander
information of any kind
Tahir
What is Statistic
ibrahim Reply
what statistical analysis can i run on growth and yield of spinach.
guillio
format of the frequency distribution table
henry
what is pearson correlation coefficient indicates?
Eticha
Statistic is the mean of the sample.
Raman
can anyone determine the value of c and the covariance and correlation for the joint probability density function Fxy(x,y)=c over the range 0<x<5,0<y,and x-1<y<x-1.
Nuhu
what actually is the definition of range
Chinedu Reply
I need social statistics materials
Chinedu
the range of a set of data is the difference between the largest and smallest values
La
I need more explanation about cluster sampling
Hafsat
write the set of old number that are greater than or equal to minutes 7 butl less than 5 in both of the set notation
Jerry Reply

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Source:  OpenStax, Introductory statistics. OpenStax CNX. May 06, 2016 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11562/1.18
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