<< Chapter < Page
  Introductory statistics     Page 8 / 36
Chapter >> Page >

37 . You had an unusually long wait time, which is bad: 82 percent of patients had a shorter wait time than you, and only 18 percent had a longer wait time.

2.4: box plots

38 . 5

39 . 3

40 . 7

41 . The median is 86, as represented by the vertical line in the box.

42 . The first quartile is 80, and the third quartile is 92, as represented by the left and right boundaries of the box.

43 . IQR = 92 – 80 = 12

44 . Range = 100 – 75 = 25

2.5: measures of the center of the data

45 . Half the runners who finished the marathon ran a time faster than 3:35:04, and half ran a time slower than 3:35:04. Your time is faster than the median time, so you did better than more than half of the runners in this race.

46 . 61.5, or $61,500

47 . 49.25 or $49,250

48 . The median, because the mean is distorted by the high value of one house.

2.6: skewness and the mean, median, and mode

49 . c

50 . a

51 . They will all be fairly close to each other.

2.7: measures of the spread of the data

52 . Mean: 15
Standard deviation: 4.3
μ = 10 + 11 + 15 + 15 + 17 + 22 6 = 15
s = ( x x ¯ ) 2 n 1 = 94 5 = 4.3

53 . 15 + (2)(4.3) = 23.6

54 . 13.7 is one standard deviation below the mean of this data, because 15 – 4.3 = 10.7

55 . z = 95 85 5 = 2.0
Susan’s z -score was 2.0, meaning she scored two standard deviations above the class mean for the final exam.

3.1: terminology

56 . P ( B ) = 25 90 = 0.28

57 . Drawing a red marble is more likely.
P ( R ) = 50 80 = 0.62
P ( Y ) = 15 80 = 0.19

58 . P ( F AND S )

59 . P ( E | M )

3.2: independent and mutually exclusive events

60 . P ( A AND B ) = (0.3)(0.5) = 0.15

61 . P ( C OR D ) = 0.18 + 0.03 = 0.21

3.3: two basic rules of probability

62 . No, they cannot be mutually exclusive, because they add up to more than 300. Therefore, some students must fit into two or more categories (e.g., both going to college and working full time).

63 . P ( A and B ) = ( P ( B | A ))( P ( A )) = (0.85)(0.70) = 0.595

64 . No. If they were independent, P ( B ) would be the same as P ( B | A ). We know this is not the case, because P ( B ) = 0.70 and P ( B | A ) = 0.85.

3.4: contingency tables

65 .

Honor roll No honor roll Total
Study at least 15 hours/week 482 200 682
Study less than 15 hours/week 125 193 318
Total 607 393 1,000

66 . P (honor roll|study at least 15 hours word per week) =  482 1000 = 0.482

67 . P ( studies less than 15 hours word per week) = 125 + 193 1000 = 0.318

68 . Let P ( S ) = study at least 15 hours per week
Let P ( H ) = makes the honor roll
From the table, P ( S ) = 0.682, P ( H ) = 0.607, and P ( S AND H ) =0.482.
If P ( S ) and P ( H ) were independent, then P ( S AND H ) would equal ( P ( S ))( P ( H )).
However, ( P ( S ))( P ( H )) = (0.682)(0.607) = 0.414, while P ( S AND H ) = 0.482.
Therefore, P ( S ) and P ( H ) are not independent.

3.5: tree and venn diagrams

69 .

This is a Venn diagram with two circles. One circle is labeled Soccer and the other is labeled Tennis. The circles do not overlap.

70 .

This is a Venn diagram with two circles. One circle is labeled Soccer and the other is labeled Tennis. The circles overlap.

Practice test 2

4.1: probability distribution function (pdf) for a discrete random variable

Use the following information to answer the next five exercises. You conduct a survey among a random sample of students at a particular university. The data collected includes their major, the number of classes they took the previous semester, and amount of money they spent on books purchased for classes in the previous semester.

1. If X = student’s major, then what is the domain of X ?

Questions & Answers

Frequency find questions
Rimsha Reply
What is nominal variable
olusola Reply
Write short notes on, nominal variable, ordinal variable, internal variable, ratio variable.
olusola
P( /x-50/ less than or equal to 5 ) where mean =52 and Variance =25
Jay Reply
how I get the mcq
Mukesh Reply
please what is data mining
Josephine Reply
the exploration and analysis of large data to discover meaningful patterns and rules
Hussein
how do we calculate the median
All Reply
f(x)=cx(1-x)^4 as x range 4rm 0<=x<=1. Can someone pls help me find d constant C. By integration only..
Akeem Reply
uses of statistics in Local Government
Saleema Reply
Hi
Tamuno
hello
Saleema
state road transport corporation
Atul
District statistical officer
Atul
statistical services
Atul
Please is this part of the IMT program
Tamuno
testing of drugs
Shambhavi
hii 2
Qamar-ul-
How about population census
Tamuno
Hello every one
Okoi
sample survey is done by local government in each and every field.
syeda
statistics is used in almost every government organisations such as health department, economic department, census, weather forecasting fields
raghavendra
that's true
syeda
statistics is one of the tool that represents the falling and rising of any cases in one sheet either that is in population census whether forecast as well as economic growth
Aadil
statistic is a technique, and statistics is a subject
syeda
what is business statistics
PM Reply
Probability tells you the likelihood of an event happening. ... The higher the probability, the more likely it is to happen. Probability is a number or fraction between 0 and 1. A probability of 1 means something will always happen, and a probability of 0 means something will never happen...
La Reply
Saying it's a number between zero and one means it is a fraction so you could remove "or fraction" from you definition.
Carlos
wouldn't be correct to remove fractions, saying a number is justified as probabilities can also be decimals between 0 and 1.
Denzel
Saying "a number" will include it being a decimal which are themselves fractions in another form.
Carlos
I will simply say a probability is a number in the range zero to one, inclusive.
Carlos
f#$
Carlos
How to delete an entry? This last one was a pocket print.
Carlos
what is probability
sky-D Reply
chance of occurrence
Sikander
what is data
Muhd Reply
raw facts and figures
Sikander
information of any kind
Tahir
What is Statistic
ibrahim Reply
what statistical analysis can i run on growth and yield of spinach.
guillio
format of the frequency distribution table
henry
what is pearson correlation coefficient indicates?
Eticha
Statistic is the mean of the sample.
Raman
can anyone determine the value of c and the covariance and correlation for the joint probability density function Fxy(x,y)=c over the range 0<x<5,0<y,and x-1<y<x-1.
Nuhu
what actually is the definition of range
Chinedu Reply
I need social statistics materials
Chinedu
the range of a set of data is the difference between the largest and smallest values
La
I need more explanation about cluster sampling
Hafsat
write the set of old number that are greater than or equal to minutes 7 butl less than 5 in both of the set notation
Jerry Reply

Get the best Introductory statistics course in your pocket!





Source:  OpenStax, Introductory statistics. OpenStax CNX. May 06, 2016 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11562/1.18
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'Introductory statistics' conversation and receive update notifications?

Ask