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27 . The predicted value for y is: y ^ = 2.3 – 0.1(4.1) = 1.89. The value of 2.32 is more than two standard deviations from the predicted value, so it qualifies as an outlier.
Residual for (4.1, 2.34): 2.32 – 1.89 = 0.43 (0.43>2(0.13))

13.1: one-way anova

28 .

  1. Each sample is drawn from a normally distributed population
  2. All samples are independent and randomly selected.
  3. The populations from which the samples are draw have equal standard deviations.
  4. The factor is a categorical variable.
  5. The response is a numerical variable.

29 . H 0 : μ 1 = μ 2 = μ 3 = μ 4
H a : At least two of the group means μ 1, μ 2, μ 3, μ 4 are not equal.

30 . The independent samples t -test can only compare means from two groups, while one-way ANOVA can compare means of more than two groups.

31 . Each sample appears to have been drawn from a normally distributed populations, the factor is a categorical variable (method), the outcome is a numerical variable (test score), and you were told the samples were independent and randomly selected, so those requirements are met. However, each sample has a different standard deviation, and this suggests that the populations from which they were drawn also have different standard deviations, which is a violation of an assumption for one-way ANOVA. Further statistical testing will be necessary to test the assumption of equal variance before proceeding with the analysis.

32 . One of the assumptions for a one-way ANOVA is that the samples are drawn from normally distributed populations. Since two of your samples have an approximately uniform distribution, this casts doubt on whether this assumption has been met. Further statistical testing will be necessary to determine if you can proceed with the analysis.

13.2: the F Distribution

33 . SS within is the sum of squares within groups, representing the variation in outcome that cannot be attributed to the different feed supplements, but due to individual or chance factors among the calves in each group.

34 . SS between is the sum of squares between groups, representing the variation in outcome that can be attributed to the different feed supplements.

35 . k = the number of groups = 4
n 1 = the number of cases in group 1 = 30
n = the total number of cases = 4(30) = 120

36 . SS total = SS within + SS between so SS between = SS total SS within
621.4 – 374.5 = 246.9

37 . The mean squares in an ANOVA are found by dividing each sum of squares by its respective degrees of freedom ( df ).
For SS total , df = n – 1 = 120 – 1 = 119.
For SS between , df = k – 1 = 4 – 1 = 3.
For SS within , df = 120 – 4 = 116.
MS between = 246.9 3 = 82.3
MS within = 374.5 116 = 3.23

38 . F = M S b e t w e e n M S w i t h i n = 82.3 3.23 = 25.48

39 . It would be larger, because you would be dividing by a smaller number. The value of MS between would not change with a change of sample size, but the value of MS within would be smaller, because you would be dividing by a larger number ( df within would be 136, not 116). Dividing a constant by a smaller number produces a larger result.

13.3: facts about the F Distribution

40 . All but choice c, –3.61. F Statistics are always greater than or equal to 0.

Questions & Answers

Frequency find questions
Rimsha Reply
What is nominal variable
olusola Reply
Write short notes on, nominal variable, ordinal variable, internal variable, ratio variable.
olusola
P( /x-50/ less than or equal to 5 ) where mean =52 and Variance =25
Jay Reply
how I get the mcq
Mukesh Reply
please what is data mining
Josephine Reply
the exploration and analysis of large data to discover meaningful patterns and rules
Hussein
how do we calculate the median
All Reply
f(x)=cx(1-x)^4 as x range 4rm 0<=x<=1. Can someone pls help me find d constant C. By integration only..
Akeem Reply
uses of statistics in Local Government
Saleema Reply
Hi
Tamuno
hello
Saleema
state road transport corporation
Atul
District statistical officer
Atul
statistical services
Atul
Please is this part of the IMT program
Tamuno
testing of drugs
Shambhavi
hii 2
Qamar-ul-
How about population census
Tamuno
Hello every one
Okoi
sample survey is done by local government in each and every field.
syeda
statistics is used in almost every government organisations such as health department, economic department, census, weather forecasting fields
raghavendra
that's true
syeda
statistics is one of the tool that represents the falling and rising of any cases in one sheet either that is in population census whether forecast as well as economic growth
Aadil
statistic is a technique, and statistics is a subject
syeda
what is business statistics
PM Reply
Probability tells you the likelihood of an event happening. ... The higher the probability, the more likely it is to happen. Probability is a number or fraction between 0 and 1. A probability of 1 means something will always happen, and a probability of 0 means something will never happen...
La Reply
Saying it's a number between zero and one means it is a fraction so you could remove "or fraction" from you definition.
Carlos
wouldn't be correct to remove fractions, saying a number is justified as probabilities can also be decimals between 0 and 1.
Denzel
Saying "a number" will include it being a decimal which are themselves fractions in another form.
Carlos
I will simply say a probability is a number in the range zero to one, inclusive.
Carlos
f#$
Carlos
How to delete an entry? This last one was a pocket print.
Carlos
what is probability
sky-D Reply
chance of occurrence
Sikander
what is data
Muhd Reply
raw facts and figures
Sikander
information of any kind
Tahir
What is Statistic
ibrahim Reply
what statistical analysis can i run on growth and yield of spinach.
guillio
format of the frequency distribution table
henry
what is pearson correlation coefficient indicates?
Eticha
Statistic is the mean of the sample.
Raman
can anyone determine the value of c and the covariance and correlation for the joint probability density function Fxy(x,y)=c over the range 0<x<5,0<y,and x-1<y<x-1.
Nuhu
what actually is the definition of range
Chinedu Reply
I need social statistics materials
Chinedu
the range of a set of data is the difference between the largest and smallest values
La
I need more explanation about cluster sampling
Hafsat
write the set of old number that are greater than or equal to minutes 7 butl less than 5 in both of the set notation
Jerry Reply

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Source:  OpenStax, Introductory statistics. OpenStax CNX. May 06, 2016 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11562/1.18
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