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33 . The screening test has a 20 percent probability of a Type II error, meaning that 20 percent of the time, it will fail to detect TB when it is in fact present.

34 . Eighty percent of the time, the screening test will detect TB when it is actually present.

9.3: distribution needed for hypothesis testing

35 . The Student’s t -test.

36 . The normal distribution or z -test.

37 . The normal distribution with μ = p and σ = p q n

38 . t 24 . You use the t -distribution because you don’t know the population standard deviation, and the degrees of freedom are 24 because df = n – 1.

39 . X ¯ ~ N ( 0.95 , 0.051 100 )
Because you know the population standard deviation, and have a large sample, you can use the normal distribution.

9.4: rare events, the sample, decision, and conclusion

40 . Fail to reject the null hypothesis, because α p

41 . Reject the null hypothesis, because α p .

42 . H 0 : μ ≥ 29.0”
H a : μ <29.0”

43 . t 19 . Because you do not know the population standard deviation, use the t -distribution. The degrees of freedom are 19, because df = n – 1.

44 . The test statistic is –4.4721 and the p -value is 0.00013 using the calculator function TTEST.

45 . With α = 0.05, reject the null hypothesis.

46 . With α = 0.05, the p -value is almost zero using the calculator function TTEST so reject the null hypothesis.

9.5: additional information and full hypothesis test examples

47 . The level of significance is five percent.

48 . two-tailed

49 . one-tailed

50 . H 0 : p = 0.8
H a : p ≠ 0.8

51 . You will use the normal test for a single population proportion because np and nq are both greater than five.

10.1: comparing two independent population means with unknown population standard deviations

52 . They are matched (paired), because you interviewed married couples.

53 . They are independent, because participants were assigned at random to the groups.

54 . They are matched (paired), because you collected data twice from each individual.

55 . d = x ¯ 1 x ¯ 2 s p o o l e d = 4.8 4.2 1.6 = 0.375
This is a small effect size, because 0.375 falls between Cohen’s small (0.2) and medium (0.5) effect sizes.

56 . d = x ¯ 1 x ¯ 2 s p o o l e d = 5.2 4.2 1.6 = 0.625
The effect size is 0.625. By Cohen’s standard, this is a medium effect size, because it falls between the medium (0.5) and large (0.8) effect sizes.

57 . p -value<0.01.

58 . You will only reject the null hypothesis if you get a value significantly below the hypothesized mean of 110.

10.2: comparing two independent population means with known population standard deviations

59 . X ¯ 1 X ¯ 2 , i.e., the mean difference in amount spent on textbooks for the two groups.

60 . H 0 : X ¯ 1 X ¯ 2 ≤ 0
H a : X ¯ 1 X ¯ 2 >0
This could also be written as:
H 0 : X ¯ 1 X ¯ 2
H a : X ¯ 1 > X ¯ 2

61 . Using the calculator function 2-SampTtest, reject the null hypothesis. At the 5% significance level, there is sufficient evidence to conclude that the science students spend more on textbooks than the humanities students.

62 . Using the calculator function 2-SampTtest, reject the null hypothesis. At the 1% significance level, there is sufficient evidence to conclude that the science students spend more on textbooks than the humanities students.

10.3: comparing two independent population proportions

63 . H 0 : p A = p B
H a : p A p B

Questions & Answers

Frequency find questions
Rimsha Reply
What is nominal variable
olusola Reply
Write short notes on, nominal variable, ordinal variable, internal variable, ratio variable.
olusola
P( /x-50/ less than or equal to 5 ) where mean =52 and Variance =25
Jay Reply
how I get the mcq
Mukesh Reply
please what is data mining
Josephine Reply
the exploration and analysis of large data to discover meaningful patterns and rules
Hussein
how do we calculate the median
All Reply
f(x)=cx(1-x)^4 as x range 4rm 0<=x<=1. Can someone pls help me find d constant C. By integration only..
Akeem Reply
uses of statistics in Local Government
Saleema Reply
Hi
Tamuno
hello
Saleema
state road transport corporation
Atul
District statistical officer
Atul
statistical services
Atul
Please is this part of the IMT program
Tamuno
testing of drugs
Shambhavi
hii 2
Qamar-ul-
How about population census
Tamuno
Hello every one
Okoi
sample survey is done by local government in each and every field.
syeda
statistics is used in almost every government organisations such as health department, economic department, census, weather forecasting fields
raghavendra
that's true
syeda
statistics is one of the tool that represents the falling and rising of any cases in one sheet either that is in population census whether forecast as well as economic growth
Aadil
statistic is a technique, and statistics is a subject
syeda
what is business statistics
PM Reply
Probability tells you the likelihood of an event happening. ... The higher the probability, the more likely it is to happen. Probability is a number or fraction between 0 and 1. A probability of 1 means something will always happen, and a probability of 0 means something will never happen...
La Reply
Saying it's a number between zero and one means it is a fraction so you could remove "or fraction" from you definition.
Carlos
wouldn't be correct to remove fractions, saying a number is justified as probabilities can also be decimals between 0 and 1.
Denzel
Saying "a number" will include it being a decimal which are themselves fractions in another form.
Carlos
I will simply say a probability is a number in the range zero to one, inclusive.
Carlos
f#$
Carlos
How to delete an entry? This last one was a pocket print.
Carlos
what is probability
sky-D Reply
chance of occurrence
Sikander
what is data
Muhd Reply
raw facts and figures
Sikander
information of any kind
Tahir
What is Statistic
ibrahim Reply
what statistical analysis can i run on growth and yield of spinach.
guillio
format of the frequency distribution table
henry
what is pearson correlation coefficient indicates?
Eticha
Statistic is the mean of the sample.
Raman
can anyone determine the value of c and the covariance and correlation for the joint probability density function Fxy(x,y)=c over the range 0<x<5,0<y,and x-1<y<x-1.
Nuhu
what actually is the definition of range
Chinedu Reply
I need social statistics materials
Chinedu
the range of a set of data is the difference between the largest and smallest values
La
I need more explanation about cluster sampling
Hafsat
write the set of old number that are greater than or equal to minutes 7 butl less than 5 in both of the set notation
Jerry Reply

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Source:  OpenStax, Introductory statistics. OpenStax CNX. May 06, 2016 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11562/1.18
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