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130. Out of the years with water rationing, find the probability that there is a drought.

Use the following information to answer the next three exercises:

Apple Pumpkin Pecan
Female 40 10 30
Male 20 30 10

131. Suppose that one individual is randomly chosen. Find the probability that the person’s favorite pie is apple or the person is male.

132. Suppose that one male is randomly chosen. Find the probability his favorite pie is pecan.

133. Conduct a hypothesis test to determine if favorite pie type and gender are independent.

Use the following information to answer the next two exercises: Let’s say that the probability that an adult watches the news at least once per week is 0.60.

134. We randomly survey 14 people. On average, how many people do we expect to watch the news at least once per week?

135. We randomly survey 14 people. Of interest is the number that watch the news at least once per week. State the distribution of X . X ~ _____

136. The following histogram is most likely to be a result of sampling from which distribution?

This graph is an unlabeled histogram. The distribution is roughly symmetric. There is a single peak in the center of the graph and heights of bars decrease from that point toward each end of the graph.
  1. Chi-Square
  2. Geometric
  3. Uniform
  4. Binomial

137. The ages of De Anza evening students is known to be normally distributed with a population mean of 40 and a population standard deviation of six. A sample of six De Anza evening students reported their ages (in years) as: 28; 35; 47; 45; 30; 50. Find the probability that the mean of six ages of randomly chosen students is less than 35 years. Hint: Find the sample mean.

138. A math exam was given to all the fifth grade children attending Country School. Two random samples of scores were taken. The null hypothesis is that the mean math scores for boys and girls in fifth grade are the same. Conduct a hypothesis test.

n x ¯ s 2
Boys 55 82 29
Girls 60 86 46

139. In a survey of 80 males, 55 had played an organized sport growing up. Of the 70 females surveyed, 25 had played an organized sport growing up. We are interested in whether the proportion for males is higher than the proportion for females. Conduct a hypothesis test.

140. Which of the following is preferable when designing a hypothesis test?

  1. Maximize α and minimize β
  2. Minimize α and maximize β
  3. Maximize α and β
  4. Minimize α and β

Use the following information to answer the next three exercises: 120 people were surveyed as to their favorite beverage (non-alcoholic). The results are below.

Beverage/Age 0–9 10–19 20–29 30+ Totals
Milk 14 10 6 0 30
Soda 3 8 26 15 52
Juice 7 12 12 7 38
Totals 24 330 44 22 120

141. Are the events of milk and 30+:

  1. independent events? Justify your answer.
  2. mutually exclusive events? Justify your answer.

142. Suppose that one person is randomly chosen. Find the probability that person is 10–19 given that he or she prefers juice.

143. Are “Preferred Beverage” and “Age” independent events? Conduct a hypothesis test.

144. Given the following histogram, which distribution is the data most likely to come from?

This graph is an unlabeled histogram. The heights of the bars do not vary much across the distribution.
  1. uniform
  2. exponential
  3. normal
  4. chi-square

Solutions

Chapter 3

1. c. parameter

2. a. population

3. b. statistic

4. d. sample

5. e. variable

6. quantitative continuous

7.

  1. 2.27
  2. 3.04
  3. –1, 4, 4

8. Answers will vary.

Chapter 4

9. c. (0.80)(0.30)

10. b. No, and they are not mutually exclusive either.

Questions & Answers

How do you get log of normal population
Shan Reply
plz give me answer of this question show that mean of population or sampling distribution are equally
Mari
yes
Hazrat
what is the probability of getting no head face up in three tosses of a fair coin?
Epara Reply
In how many ways can probability be assigned to an event of interest?
Epara
Hey guys can someone help me with combinations and permutations
Lion
Phone lines on an airline system are occupied 50% of time assume that 10 calls are placed to the airline. What is the probability at least 1 call the lines are occupied?
Highness Reply
Phone lines on an airline system are occupied 50% of time assume that 10 calls are placed to the airline. What is the probability at least 1 call the lines are occupied?
Highness Reply
Why is the method of selecting the sample even more important than the size of the sample?
Nana Reply
formulaas for gruoped and ungrouped of quartiles
chatered Reply
Why is the method of selecting the sample even more important than the size of the sample?
Nana
una empresa productora que participa en el mercado de lapices tiene la siguente funcion de demanda Qd=a la raiz de 9 -9p si la elasticidad precio de demanda de la empresa es epd=0,5 determinar a) hallar el precio y cantidad
Jany Reply
find the mean mew and the standard devation sigma of the given population 9.8,10.2,10.4,9.8,10.0,10.2,9.6
Vaneza Reply
1. A card is drawn at random from an ordinary deck of 52 playing cards.* *Find the probability that it is* (a). an ace (b). a jack of hearts (c). a three of clubs or a six of diamonds (d). a heart (e). any suit except hearts (f). a ten or a spade (g). neither a four nor a club. *Hint:* 1st determine how many of the following is in a deck of cards. A deck of cards have 52 cards ♠️- Club ♣️ - Spade ♥️ - Heart ♦️- Diamond
Agness Reply
a measure of central tendency is a typical value around which other figures congregate
Anand Reply
hmm mean mode median
Umar
nothing
farri
Y = alpha0 + alpha1X1 + E what is this equation
Musawenkosi Reply
An estimated linear regression equation
Carlos
Thank you
Musawenkosi
simple linear regression .. where Alpho zero is reg constant ( intercept of the reg line) and Alpha1 is the regression coefficient ( slope of the regression line)
Umar
null and altarnate hypothesis are the statement about
farri Reply
about any population of interest
Umar
don't know
farri
I said we give hypothesis about any population and mean , in null hyp we say sample mean is equal to the population mean where as in alternate hyp we say sample mean is not equal to the pop mean .. to test these things we use students test statistics commonly
Umar
ok thnx
farri
welcome
Umar
probability of getting one black card
kaynat Reply
from a standard deck?
Umar
it will be 1/2
Umar
coz there are 26 blacks card out of 52 in a deck
Umar
so prob of getting a black card out of the deck = 26/52 = 1/5 =0.5
Umar
when are not two events mutually exclusive? 1) they overlap in a venn diagram 2) Probability of one affects the other
Junaid Reply
both
Umar
A stenographer claims that she can take dictation at the rate of 120 words per minute can we reject her claim on the basis of 100 trails in which she demonstrates a mean of 116 words with a variance of 225 words
Aromal Reply
the hypothesis to be tested is the claim to be tested
smita
H0= 120,Ha not equal to 120 x bar =116,s=225,n=100
smita
how to solve probability questions
Eke Reply

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Source:  OpenStax, Introductory statistics. OpenStax CNX. May 06, 2016 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11562/1.18
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