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130. Out of the years with water rationing, find the probability that there is a drought.

Use the following information to answer the next three exercises:

Apple Pumpkin Pecan
Female 40 10 30
Male 20 30 10

131. Suppose that one individual is randomly chosen. Find the probability that the person’s favorite pie is apple or the person is male.

132. Suppose that one male is randomly chosen. Find the probability his favorite pie is pecan.

133. Conduct a hypothesis test to determine if favorite pie type and gender are independent.

Use the following information to answer the next two exercises: Let’s say that the probability that an adult watches the news at least once per week is 0.60.

134. We randomly survey 14 people. On average, how many people do we expect to watch the news at least once per week?

135. We randomly survey 14 people. Of interest is the number that watch the news at least once per week. State the distribution of X . X ~ _____

136. The following histogram is most likely to be a result of sampling from which distribution?

This graph is an unlabeled histogram. The distribution is roughly symmetric. There is a single peak in the center of the graph and heights of bars decrease from that point toward each end of the graph.
  1. Chi-Square
  2. Geometric
  3. Uniform
  4. Binomial

137. The ages of De Anza evening students is known to be normally distributed with a population mean of 40 and a population standard deviation of six. A sample of six De Anza evening students reported their ages (in years) as: 28; 35; 47; 45; 30; 50. Find the probability that the mean of six ages of randomly chosen students is less than 35 years. Hint: Find the sample mean.

138. A math exam was given to all the fifth grade children attending Country School. Two random samples of scores were taken. The null hypothesis is that the mean math scores for boys and girls in fifth grade are the same. Conduct a hypothesis test.

n x ¯ s 2
Boys 55 82 29
Girls 60 86 46

139. In a survey of 80 males, 55 had played an organized sport growing up. Of the 70 females surveyed, 25 had played an organized sport growing up. We are interested in whether the proportion for males is higher than the proportion for females. Conduct a hypothesis test.

140. Which of the following is preferable when designing a hypothesis test?

  1. Maximize α and minimize β
  2. Minimize α and maximize β
  3. Maximize α and β
  4. Minimize α and β

Use the following information to answer the next three exercises: 120 people were surveyed as to their favorite beverage (non-alcoholic). The results are below.

Beverage/Age 0–9 10–19 20–29 30+ Totals
Milk 14 10 6 0 30
Soda 3 8 26 15 52
Juice 7 12 12 7 38
Totals 24 330 44 22 120

141. Are the events of milk and 30+:

  1. independent events? Justify your answer.
  2. mutually exclusive events? Justify your answer.

142. Suppose that one person is randomly chosen. Find the probability that person is 10–19 given that he or she prefers juice.

143. Are “Preferred Beverage” and “Age” independent events? Conduct a hypothesis test.

144. Given the following histogram, which distribution is the data most likely to come from?

This graph is an unlabeled histogram. The heights of the bars do not vary much across the distribution.
  1. uniform
  2. exponential
  3. normal
  4. chi-square

Solutions

Chapter 3

1. c. parameter

2. a. population

3. b. statistic

4. d. sample

5. e. variable

6. quantitative continuous

7.

  1. 2.27
  2. 3.04
  3. –1, 4, 4

8. Answers will vary.

Chapter 4

9. c. (0.80)(0.30)

10. b. No, and they are not mutually exclusive either.

Questions & Answers

where do I start
Jeremy Reply
in a large restaurant an average of every 7 customers ask for water with the their meal. A random sample of 12 customers is selected, find the probability that exactly 6 ask for water with their meal
Rufai Reply
any body with idea
Rufai
conditional probability
Ramesh
can you help please
Rufai
iam really sorry. it's been long since I used these things. I just gave you a hint though
Ramesh
ok
Rufai
this follows binomial distribution. p(X=6)=12C6*(0.6)^6*0.4^6 use this formula n find.
syeda
can you explain the cosidered variable in the formula
Divya
x is variable wich is exactly 6 costumers
syeda
n is number of customers
syeda
ncx*p^X*q^X?
Divya
q^n-x
syeda
oh right !!! thanks yaar
Divya
I agree with Seyda too
Hoshyar
I agree with Syeda too
Hoshyar
7/12 =0.58is it?
yousaf
.
yousaf
r8
khalid
what is descriptive statistic
Shadow Reply
Descriptive statistics are brief descriptive coefficients that summarize a given data set, which can be either a representation of the entire or a sample of a population. Descriptive statistics are broken down into measures of central tendency and measures of variability (spread). 
Divya
are you getting this ?
Divya
if so let me know
Divya
yes m getting
Ramesh
fine
Divya
what's taking place can l join u
Anest
yeah !!why not? sure
Divya
okey thanks
Anest
where are statistics used
akinola Reply
hello
Giannis
Hi
Makhosi
how u doing
Muhid
please guys uses of statistics....
james Reply
the upper quartile of the population 10,12,14,16,18,20,25,15,11,11,17,is................?
Gach
The probability range is 0 to 1... but why we take it 0 to 1....
Muhammad Reply
because in probability 1 means success and 0 means failure and it cnnt be more or less than 1 and 0.
syeda
b/c v hv mazimum probibliy 1 and minimum which is.no.probiblity is 0.so.v hv the range from 0 to 1
khalid
the size of a set is greeter than its subset
Hoshyar
The probability of an event will not be less than 0.  This is because 0 is impossible (sure that something will not happen).The probability of an event will not be more than 1. This is because 1 is certain that something will happen
Divya
what do they mean in a question when you are asked to find P40 and P88
Megrina Reply
I dont get your question! What are you talk ING about?
Mani
hi
Mehri
you're asked to find page 40 and page 88 on that particular book.
Joseph
hi
ravi
any suggestions for statistics app better than this
ravi
sorry miss wrote the question
omar
No problem) By the way. I NEED a program For statistical data analysis. Any suggestion?
Mani
Eviews will help u
Kwadwo
Hello
Okonkwo
arey there any data analyst and working on sas statistical model building
ravi
Hi guys ,actually I have dicovered that the P40 and P88 means finding the 40th and 88th percentiles 😌..
Megrina
who can explain the euclidian distance
ravi
I am fresh student of statistics (BS) plz guide me best app or best website relative to stat topics
Noman
IMAGESNEWSVIDEOS A Dictionary of Computing. measures of location Quantities that represent the average or typical value of a random variable (compare measures of variation). They are either properties of a probability distribution or computed statistics of a sample. Three important measures are the mean, median, and mode.
Ahmed Reply
define the measures of location
Kaynaat Reply
IMAGESNEWSVIDEOS A Dictionary of Computing. measures of location Quantities that represent the average or typical value of a random variable (compare measures of variation). They are either properties of a probability distribution or computed statistics of a sample. Three important measures are th
Ahmed
hi i have a question....
Muhammad
what is confidence interval estimate and its formula in getting it
Jhezarie Reply
discuss the roles of vital and health statistic in the planning of health service of the community
BITRUS Reply
given that the probability of
BITRUS
good morning
Rufai
hi bitrus.
Bratit
hi
yousaf
hallo
Bratit
hey
Divya
uses in health policy and health research
Divya
1) social inequalities I health 2) Trends in mortality
Divya
hey do you know any about any of the statistics courses which is best ?
Divya
hello
Hoshyar
hi
Hoshyar
online courses and convenient fees
Divya
can man city win Liverpool ?
Emmanuel Reply
There are two coins on a table. When both are flipped, one coin land on heads eith probability 0.5 while the other lands on head with probability 0.6. A coin is randomly selected from the table and flipped. (a) what is probability it lands on heads? (b) given that it lands on tail, what is the Condi
Nusrat Reply
0.5*0.5+0.5*0.6
Ravasz
what is gradient descent?
Saurav Reply
It should be a Machine learning terms。
Mok
it is a term used in linear regression
Saurav
what are the differences between standard deviation and variancs?
Enhance
what is statistics
Emmanuel Reply
statistics is the collection and interpretation of data
Enhance
the science of summarization and description of numerical facts
Enhance
Is the estimation of probability
Zaini
mr. zaini..can u tell me more clearly how to calculated pair t test
Haai
do you have MG Akarwal Statistics' book Zaini?
Enhance
Haai how r u?
Enhance
maybe .... mathematics is the science of simplification and statistics is the interpretation of such values and its implications.
Miguel
can we discuss about pair test
Haai
hello can i join
Kawuma
Hi. Im raph. Can anyone teach me how to read the z-table?
Asare

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Source:  OpenStax, Introductory statistics. OpenStax CNX. May 06, 2016 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11562/1.18
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