<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >

Try it

The population in Park City is made up of children, working-age adults, and retirees. [link] shows the three age groups, the number of people in the town from each age group, and the proportion (%) of people in each age group. Construct a bar graph showing the proportions.

Age groups Number of people Proportion of population
Children 67,059 19%
Working-age adults 152,198 43%
Retirees 131,662 38%
This is a bar graph that matches the supplied data. The x-axis shows age groups, and the y-axis shows the percentages of Park City's population.
Got questions? Get instant answers now!

The columns in [link] contain: the race or ethnicity of students in U.S. Public Schools for the class of 2011, percentages for the Advanced Placement examine population for that class, and percentages for the overall student population. Create a bar graph with the student race or ethnicity (qualitative data) on the x -axis, and the Advanced Placement examinee population percentages on the y -axis.

Race/Ethnicity AP Examinee Population Overall Student Population
1 = Asian, Asian American or Pacific Islander 10.3% 5.7%
2 = Black or African American 9.0% 14.7%
3 = Hispanic or Latino 17.0% 17.6%
4 = American Indian or Alaska Native 0.6% 1.1%
5 = White 57.1% 59.2%
6 = Not reported/other 6.0% 1.7%
This is a bar graph that matches the supplied data. The x-axis shows race and ethnicity, and the y-axis shows the percentages of AP examinees.
Got questions? Get instant answers now!
Got questions? Get instant answers now!

Try it

Park city is broken down into six voting districts. The table shows the percent of the total registered voter population that lives in each district as well as the percent total of the entire population that lives in each district. Construct a bar graph that shows the registered voter population by district.

District Registered voter population Overall city population
1 15.5% 19.4%
2 12.2% 15.6%
3 9.8% 9.0%
4 17.4% 18.5%
5 22.8% 20.7%
6 22.3% 16.8%
This is a bar graph that matches the supplied data. The x-axis shows Park City voting districts, and the y-axis shows the percentages of the registered voter population.
Got questions? Get instant answers now!

References

Burbary, Ken. Facebook Demographics Revisited – 2001 Statistics, 2011. Available online at http://www.kenburbary.com/2011/03/facebook-demographics-revisited-2011-statistics-2/ (accessed August 21, 2013).

“9th Annual AP Report to the Nation.” CollegeBoard, 2013. Available online at http://apreport.collegeboard.org/goals-and-findings/promoting-equity (accessed September 13, 2013).

“Overweight and Obesity: Adult Obesity Facts.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/obesity/data/adult.html (accessed September 13, 2013).

Chapter review

A stem-and-leaf plot is a way to plot data and look at the distribution. In a stem-and-leaf plot, all data values within a class are visible. The advantage in a stem-and-leaf plot is that all values are listed, unlike a histogram, which gives classes of data values. A line graph is often used to represent a set of data values in which a quantity varies with time. These graphs are useful for finding trends. That is, finding a general pattern in data sets including temperature, sales, employment, company profit or cost over a period of time. A bar graph is a chart that uses either horizontal or vertical bars to show comparisons among categories. One axis of the chart shows the specific categories being compared, and the other axis represents a discrete value. Some bar graphs present bars clustered in groups of more than one (grouped bar graphs), and others show the bars divided into subparts to show cumulative effect (stacked bar graphs). Bar graphs are especially useful when categorical data is being used.

For each of the following data sets, create a stem plot and identify any outliers.

The miles per gallon rating for 30 cars are shown below (lowest to highest).
19, 19, 19, 20, 21, 21, 25, 25, 25, 26, 26, 28, 29, 31, 31, 32, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 37, 38, 38, 38, 38, 41, 43, 43

Stem Leaf
1 9 9 9
2 0 1 1 5 5 5 6 6 8 9
3 1 1 2 2 3 4 5 6 7 7 8 8 8 8
4 1 3 3
Got questions? Get instant answers now!

The height in feet of 25 trees is shown below (lowest to highest).
25, 27, 33, 34, 34, 34, 35, 37, 37, 38, 39, 39, 39, 40, 41, 45, 46, 47, 49, 50, 50, 53, 53, 54, 54

Got questions? Get instant answers now!

The data are the prices of different laptops at an electronics store. Round each value to the nearest ten.
249, 249, 260, 265, 265, 280, 299, 299, 309, 319, 325, 326, 350, 350, 350, 365, 369, 389, 409, 459, 489, 559, 569, 570, 610

Stem Leaf
2 5 5 6 7 7 8
3 0 0 1 2 3 3 5 5 5 7 7 9
4 1 6 9
5 6 7 7
6 1
Got questions? Get instant answers now!

The data are daily high temperatures in a town for one month.
61, 61, 62, 64, 66, 67, 67, 67, 68, 69, 70, 70, 70, 71, 71, 72, 74, 74, 74, 75, 75, 75, 76, 76, 77, 78, 78, 79, 79, 95

Got questions? Get instant answers now!


For the next three exercises, use the data to construct a line graph.

In a survey, 40 people were asked how many times they visited a store before making a major purchase. The results are shown in [link] .

Number of times in store Frequency
1 4
2 10
3 16
4 6
5 4
This is a line graph that matches the supplied data. The x-axis shows the number of times people reported visiting a store before making a major purchase, and the y-axis shows the frequency.
Got questions? Get instant answers now!

In a survey, several people were asked how many years it has been since they purchased a mattress. The results are shown in [link] .

Years since last purchase Frequency
0 2
1 8
2 13
3 22
4 16
5 9
Got questions? Get instant answers now!

Several children were asked how many TV shows they watch each day. The results of the survey are shown in [link] .

Number of TV Shows Frequency
0 12
1 18
2 36
3 7
4 2
This is a line graph that matches the supplied data. The x-axis shows the number of TV shows a kid watches each day, and the y-axis shows the frequency.
Got questions? Get instant answers now!

The students in Ms. Ramirez’s math class have birthdays in each of the four seasons. [link] shows the four seasons, the number of students who have birthdays in each season, and the percentage (%) of students in each group. Construct a bar graph showing the number of students.

Seasons Number of students Proportion of population
Spring 8 24%
Summer 9 26%
Autumn 11 32%
Winter 6 18%
Got questions? Get instant answers now!

Using the data from Mrs. Ramirez’s math class supplied in [link] , construct a bar graph showing the percentages.

This is a bar graph that matches the supplied data. The x-axis shows the seasons of the year, and the y-axis shows the proportion of birthdays.
Got questions? Get instant answers now!

David County has six high schools. Each school sent students to participate in a county-wide science competition. [link] shows the percentage breakdown of competitors from each school, and the percentage of the entire student population of the county that goes to each school. Construct a bar graph that shows the population percentage of competitors from each school.

High School Science competition population Overall student population
Alabaster 28.9% 8.6%
Concordia 7.6% 23.2%
Genoa 12.1% 15.0%
Mocksville 18.5% 14.3%
Tynneson 24.2% 10.1%
West End 8.7% 28.8%
Got questions? Get instant answers now!

Use the data from the David County science competition supplied in [link] . Construct a bar graph that shows the county-wide population percentage of students at each school.

This is a bar graph that matches the supplied data. The x-axis shows the county high schools, and the y-axis shows the proportion of county students.
Got questions? Get instant answers now!

Questions & Answers

what is the solution to this question?
Manbyen Reply
hi
Dewan
hello
Learn
hi please tell
Dewan
The controls that are usually used are
Rushikesh Reply
what is math
Rushikesh
the controls that are usually used in quality controls and also controls a process is key tool used in run chat, control chat and design of experiment etc.,
Sravanthi
mean is number that occurs frequently in a giving data
Chinedu Reply
That places the mode and the mean as the same thing. I'd define the mean as the ratio of the total sum of variables to the variable count, and it assigns the variables a similar value across the board.
Samsicker
what is mean
John Reply
what is normal distribution
RAHAT Reply
What is the uses of sample in real life
Waqas Reply
pain scales in hospital
Lisa
change of origin and scale
RAHAT Reply
3. If the grades of 40000 students in a course at the Hashemite University are distributed according to N(60,400) Then the number of students with grades less than 75 =*
Ahmad Reply
If a constant value is added to every observation of data, then arithmetic mean is obtained by
Madiha Reply
sum of AM+Constnt
Fazal
data can be defined as numbers in context. suppose you are given the following set of numbers 18,22,22,20,19,21
Tyasia Reply
what are data
Tyasia Reply
what is mode?
Natasha Reply
what is statistics
Natasha
statistics is a combination of collect data summraize data analyiz data and interprete data
Ali
what is mode
Natasha
what is statistics
Alex Reply
It is the science of analysing numerical data in large quantities, especially for the purpose of inferring proportions in a whole from those in a representative sample.
Bernice
history of statistics
Terseer Reply
statistics was first used by?
Terseer
if a population has a prevalence of Hypertension 5%, what is the probability of 4 people having hypertension from 8 randomly selected individuals?
John Reply

Get Jobilize Job Search Mobile App in your pocket Now!

Get it on Google Play Download on the App Store Now




Source:  OpenStax, Introductory statistics. OpenStax CNX. May 06, 2016 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11562/1.18
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'Introductory statistics' conversation and receive update notifications?

Ask