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89 . Applying the law of large numbers, which sample mean would expect to be closer to the population mean, a sample of size ten or a sample of size 100?

Use this information for the next three questions. A manufacturer makes screws with a mean diameter of 0.15 cm (centimeters) and a range of 0.10 cm to 0.20 cm; within that range, the distribution is uniform.

90 . If X = the diameter of one screw, what is the distribution of X ?

91 . Suppose you repeatedly draw samples of size 100 and calculate their mean. Applying the central limit theorem, what is the distribution of these sample means?

92 . Suppose you repeatedly draw samples of 60 and calculate their sum. Applying the central limit theorem, what is the distribution of these sample sums?

Practice test 2 solutions

Probability distribution function (pdf) for a discrete random variable

1 . The domain of X = {English, Mathematics,….], i.e., a list of all the majors offered at the university, plus “undeclared.”

2 . The domain of Y = {0, 1, 2, …}, i.e., the integers from 0 to the upper limit of classes allowed by the university.

3 . The domain of Z = any amount of money from 0 upwards.

4 . Because they can take any value within their domain, and their value for any particular case is not known until the survey is completed.

5 . No, because the domain of Z includes only positive numbers (you can’t spend a negative amount of money). Possibly the value –7 is a data entry error, or a special code to indicated that the student did not answer the question.

6 . The probabilities must sum to 1.0, and the probabilities of each event must be between 0 and 1, inclusive.

7 . Let X = the number of books checked out by a patron.

8 . P ( x >2) = 0.10 + 0.05 = 0.15

9 . P ( x ≥ 0) = 1 – 0.20 = 0.80

10 . P ( x ≤ 3) = 1 – 0.05 = 0.95

11 . The probabilities would sum to 1.10, and the total probability in a distribution must always equal 1.0.

12 . x ¯ = 0(0.20) + 1(0.45) + 2(0.20) + 3(0.10) + 4(0.05) = 1.35

Mean or expected value and standard deviation

13 .

x P ( x ) x P ( x )
30 0.33 9.90
40 0.33 13.20
60 0.33 19.80

14 . x ¯ = 9.90 + 13.20 + 19.80 = 42.90

15 . P ( x = 30) = 0.33
P ( x = 40) = 0.33
P ( x = 60) = 0.33

16 .

x P ( x ) xP ( x ) ( x μ ) 2 P ( x )
30 0.33 9.90 (30 – 42.90) 2 (0.33) = 54.91
40 0.33 13.20 (40 – 42.90) 2 (0.33) = 2.78
60 0.33 19.90 (60 – 42.90) 2 (0.33) = 96.49

17 . σ x = 54.91 + 2.78 + 96.49 = 12.42

Binomial distribution

18 . q = 1 – 0.65 = 0.35

19 .

  1. There are a fixed number of trials.
  2. There are only two possible outcomes, and they add up to 1.
  3. The trials are independent and conducted under identical conditions.

20 . No, because there are not a fixed number of trials

21 . X ~ B (100, 0.65)

22 . μ = np = 100(0.65) = 65

23 . σ x = n p q = 100 ( 0.65 ) ( 0.35 ) = 4.77

24 . X = Joe gets a hit in one at-bat (in one occasion of his coming to bat)

25 . X ~ B (20, 0.4)

26 . μ = np = 20(0.4) = 8

27 . σ x = n p q = 20 ( 0.40 ) ( 0.60 ) = 2.19

4.4: geometric distribution

28 .

  1. A series of Bernoulli trials are conducted until one is a success, and then the experiment stops.
  2. At least one trial is conducted, but there is no upper limit to the number of trials.
  3. The probability of success or failure is the same for each trial.

29 . T T T T H

30 . The domain of X = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, ….n}. Because you are drawing with replacement, there is no upper bound to the number of draws that may be necessary.

Questions & Answers

mean is number that occurs frequently in a giving data
Chinedu Reply
That places the mode and the mean as the same thing. I'd define the mean as the ratio of the total sum of variables to the variable count, and it assigns the variables a similar value across the board.
Samsicker
what is mean
John Reply
what is normal distribution
RAHAT Reply
What is the uses of sample in real life
Waqas Reply
pain scales in hospital
Lisa
change of origin and scale
RAHAT Reply
3. If the grades of 40000 students in a course at the Hashemite University are distributed according to N(60,400) Then the number of students with grades less than 75 =*
Ahmad Reply
If a constant value is added to every observation of data, then arithmetic mean is obtained by
Madiha Reply
sum of AM+Constnt
Fazal
data can be defined as numbers in context. suppose you are given the following set of numbers 18,22,22,20,19,21
Tyasia Reply
what are data
Tyasia Reply
what is mode?
Natasha Reply
what is statistics
Natasha
statistics is a combination of collect data summraize data analyiz data and interprete data
Ali
what is mode
Natasha
what is statistics
Alex Reply
It is the science of analysing numerical data in large quantities, especially for the purpose of inferring proportions in a whole from those in a representative sample.
Bernice
history of statistics
Terseer Reply
statistics was first used by?
Terseer
if a population has a prevalence of Hypertension 5%, what is the probability of 4 people having hypertension from 8 randomly selected individuals?
John Reply
Carpet land sales persons average 8000 per weekend sales Steve qantas the firm's vice president proposes a compensation plan with new selling incentives Steve hopes that the results of a trial selling period will enable him to conclude that the compensation plan increases the average sales per sales
lorenda Reply
Supposed we have Standard deviation 1.56, mean 6.36, sample size 25 and Z-score 1.96 at 95% confidence level, what is the confidence interval?
John Reply

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Source:  OpenStax, Introductory statistics. OpenStax CNX. May 06, 2016 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11562/1.18
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