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Univariate data

Student learning objectives

  • The student will design and carry out a survey.
  • The student will analyze and graphically display the results of the survey.

Instructions

As you complete each task below, check it off. Answer all questions in your summary.
____ Decide what data you are going to study.

Here are two examples, but you may NOT use them: number of M&M's per bag, number of pencils students have in their backpacks.


____ Are your data discrete or continuous? How do you know?
____ Decide how you are going to collect the data (for instance, buy 30 bags of M&M's; collect data from the World Wide Web).
____ Describe your sampling technique in detail. Use cluster, stratified, systematic, or simple random (using a random number generator) sampling. Do not use convenience sampling. Which method did you use? Why did you pick that method?
____ Conduct your survey. Your data size must be at least 30.
____ Summarize your data in a chart with columns showing data value, frequency, relative frequency and cumulative relative frequency.
Answer the following (rounded to two decimal places):
  1. x ¯ = _____
  2. s = _____
  3. First quartile = _____
  4. Median = _____
  5. 70 th percentile = _____
____ What value is two standard deviations above the mean?

____ What value is 1.5 standard deviations below the mean?
____ Construct a histogram displaying your data.
____ In complete sentences, describe the shape of your graph.
____ Do you notice any potential outliers? If so, what values are they? Show your work in how you used the potential outlier formula to determine whether or not the values might be outliers.
____ Construct a box plot displaying your data.
____ Does the middle 50% of the data appear to be concentrated together or spread apart? Explain how you determined this.
____ Looking at both the histogram and the box plot, discuss the distribution of your data.

Assignment checklist

You need to turn in the following typed and stapled packet, with pages in the following order:

  • Cover sheet : name, class time, and name of your study
  • Summary page : This should contain paragraphs written with complete sentences. It should include answers to all the questions above. It should also include statements describing the population under study, the sample, a parameter or parameters being studied, and the statistic or statistics produced.
  • URL for data, if your data are from the World Wide Web
  • Chart of data, frequency, relative frequency, and cumulative relative frequency
  • Page(s) of graphs: histogram and box plot

Continuous distributions and central limit theorem

Student learning objectives

  • The student will collect a sample of continuous data.
  • The student will attempt to fit the data sample to various distribution models.
  • The student will validate the central limit theorem.

Instructions

As you complete each task below, check it off. Answer all questions in your summary.

Part i: sampling

____ Decide what continuous data you are going to study. (Here are two examples, but you may NOT use them: the amount of money a student spent on college supplies this term, or the length of time distance telephone call lasts.)
____ Describe your sampling technique in detail. Use cluster, stratified, systematic, or simple random (using a random number generator) sampling. Do not use convenience sampling. What method did you use? Why did you pick that method?
____ Conduct your survey. Gather at least 150 pieces of continuous, quantitative data .
____ Define (in words) the random variable for your data. X = _______
____ Create two lists of your data: (1) unordered data, (2) in order of smallest to largest.
____ Find the sample mean and the sample standard deviation (rounded to two decimal places).

  1. x ¯ = ______
  2. s = ______
____ Construct a histogram of your data containing five to ten intervals of equal width. The histogram should be a representative display of your data. Label and scale it.

Questions & Answers

during a prize distribution ceremony the first 10 students of a class where are asked to take their seats in the first roar of 10 seats according to their preference .what is the probability that they will sit in the order of their ranks?
Punam Reply
10%
ATTAH
In a survey of 100 stocks on NASDAQ, the average percent increase for the past year was 9% for NASDAQ stocks.
Noor Reply
what is primary data and it's various types of collection of data?
Xaib Reply
If a random variable X takes only two values -2 and 1 such that 2 P[X=- 2]=P[X=1]=P, then find variance of x.
Dikshita Reply
2.5
Anirban
how!
Alif
can u show the solution pls?
Punam
the mean of random variable following binomial distribution is 10. the numbers of trails are 30. What the approximate value of variance?
AMIT Reply
what is chis square
Remelyn Reply
A chi-square (χ2) statistic is a test that measures how a model compares to actual observed data.
kalim
descriptive statistics basic
Sangeetha
Hi Friends
Sangeetha
tamil people yaaraavathu irukkingala
Sangeetha
what is the median of the following set of number:3,3,3,4,5,6,7,8,8,9?
Sur Reply
3
Mbemah
5.6
Alekya
(5+6)/2=5.5555.......=5.6
Lyrical
(5+6)/2=5.5 that is the median
moniba
hi friends am new here, hope am welcome
nathan
hi friends am new here, hope am welcome
nathan
1.5
nathan
differences between Intervals and Ratio measurement scales
VIP Reply
interval is the distinct from a starting point to the peak of a certain distance
Mbemah
the taking of a certain range accurately in a divisional way
Mbemah
i need the solution for exercise sums
Siva Reply
descriptive statistics sums I need
Sangeetha
statistics discovered?
Kaleem Reply
internet
Kamranali
dev OS
Virendra
searching for motivation to learn stat
Nija
purpose of of statistics
mukesh
ya..
mukesh
tamil people yaraavathu inrukkingala
Sangeetha
Odisha ru kau bhai mane achha?
Hemanta
I want to learn my MSC by statistics who can help me ?
Abebe
@Avirup interest person
Abebe
good morning
Sangeetha
Dr good morning
mukhtar
in statistical inferences we use population parameter to infer sample statistics
anupama Reply
Yes
lukman
how do we calculate decile
Drix Reply
how do we calculate class boundaries
Syed
The lower class boundary is found by subtracting 0.5 units from the lowerclass limit and the upper class boundary is found by adding 0.5 units to the upper class limit. The difference between the upper and lowerboundaries of any class.
Ekene
The lower class boundary is found by subtracting 0.5 units from the lowerclass limit and the upper class boundary is found by adding 0.5 units to the upper class limit. The difference between the upper and lowerboundaries of any class.
Ekene
complete definition plz
Zarifa Reply
what are the advantages and disadvantages of primary and secondary data
Elisha Reply
advantage of primary data 1) specific 2) Accurate 3)ownership 4)up to date information 5) control Disadvantage of primary data 1) Expensive 2) time consuming 3) feasibility.
Xaib
the average increase for all NASDAQ stocks is the
Technical Reply

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Source:  OpenStax, Introductory statistics. OpenStax CNX. May 06, 2016 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11562/1.18
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