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Assignment checklist

Turn in the following typed (12 point) and stapled packet for your final project:
____ Cover sheet containing your name(s), class time, and the name of your study
____ Summary , which includes all items listed on summary checklist
____ Solution sheet neatly and completely filled out. The solution sheet does not need to be typed.
____ Graphic representation of your data , created following the guidelines previously discussed; include only graphs which are appropriate and useful.
____ Raw data collected AND a table summarizing the sample data ( n , x ¯ and s ; or x , n , and p ’, as appropriate for your hypotheses); the raw data does not need to be typed, but the summary does. Hand in the data as you collected it. (Either attach your tally sheet or an envelope containing your questionnaires.)

Bivariate data, linear regression, and univariate data

Student learning objectives

  • The students will collect a bivariate data sample through the use of appropriate sampling techniques.
  • The student will attempt to fit the data to a linear model.
  • The student will determine the appropriateness of linear fit of the model.
  • The student will analyze and graph univariate data.


  1. As you complete each task below, check it off. Answer all questions in your introduction or summary.
  2. Check your course calendar for intermediate and final due dates.
  3. Graphs may be constructed by hand or by computer, unless your instructor informs you otherwise. All graphs must be neat and accurate.
  4. All other responses must be done on the computer.
  5. Neatness and quality of explanations are used to determine your final grade.

Part i: bivariate data


____State the bivariate data your group is going to study.

Here are two examples, but you may NOT use them: height vs. weight and age vs. running distance.

____Describe your sampling technique in detail. Use cluster, stratified, systematic, or simple random sampling (using a random number generator) sampling. Convenience sampling is NOT acceptable.
____Conduct your survey. Your number of pairs must be at least 30.
____Print out a copy of your data.


____On a separate sheet of paper construct a scatter plot of the data. Label and scale both axes.
____State the least squares line and the correlation coefficient.
____On your scatter plot, in a different color, construct the least squares line.
____Is the correlation coefficient significant? Explain and show how you determined this.
____Interpret the slope of the linear regression line in the context of the data in your project. Relate the explanation to your data, and quantify what the slope tells you.
____Does the regression line seem to fit the data? Why or why not? If the data does not seem to be linear, explain if any other model seems to fit the data better.
____Are there any outliers? If so, what are they? Show your work in how you used the potential outlier formula in the Linear Regression and Correlation chapter (since you have bivariate data) to determine whether or not any pairs might be outliers.

Part ii: univariate data

In this section, you will use the data for ONE variable only. Pick the variable that is more interesting to analyze. For example: if your independent variable is sequential data such as year with 30 years and one piece of data per year, your x -values might be 1971, 1972, 1973, 1974, …, 2000. This would not be interesting to analyze. In that case, choose to use the dependent variable to analyze for this part of the project.
_____Summarize your data in a chart with columns showing data value, frequency, relative frequency, and cumulative relative frequency.
_____Answer the following question, rounded to two decimal places:

  1. Sample mean = ______
  2. Sample standard deviation = ______
  3. First quartile = ______
  4. Third quartile = ______
  5. Median = ______
  6. 70th percentile = ______
  7. Value that is 2 standard deviations above the mean = ______
  8. Value that is 1.5 standard deviations below the mean = ______
_____Construct a histogram displaying your data. Group your data into six to ten intervals of equal width. Pick regularly spaced intervals that make sense in relation to your data. For example, do NOT group data by age as 20-26,27-33,34-40,41-47,48-54,55-61 . . . Instead, maybe use age groups 19.5-24.5, 24.5-29.5, . . . or 19.5-29.5, 29.5-39.5, 39.5-49.5, . . .
_____In complete sentences, describe the shape of your histogram.
_____Are there any potential outliers? Which values are they? Show your work and calculations as to how you used the potential outlier formula in Descriptive Statistics (since you are now using univariate data) to determine which values might be outliers.
_____Construct a box plot of your data.
_____Does the middle 50% of your data appear to be concentrated together or spread out? Explain how you determined this.
_____Looking at both the histogram AND the box plot, discuss the distribution of your data. For example: how does the spread of the middle 50% of your data compare to the spread of the rest of the data represented in the box plot; how does this correspond to your description of the shape of the histogram; how does the graphical display show any outliers you may have found; does the histogram show any gaps in the data that are not visible in the box plot; are there any interesting features of your data that you should point out.

Due dates

  • Part I, Intro: __________ (keep a copy for your records)
  • Part I, Analysis: __________ (keep a copy for your records)
  • Entire Project, typed and stapled: __________

    ____ Cover sheet: names, class time, and name of your study

    ____ Part I: label the sections “Intro” and “Analysis.”

    ____ Part II:

    ____ Summary page containing several paragraphs written in complete sentences describing the experiment, including what you studied and how you collected your data. The summary page should also include answers to ALL the questions asked above.

    ____ All graphs requested in the project

    ____ All calculations requested to support questions in data

    ____ Description: what you learned by doing this project, what challenges you had, how you overcame the challenges


Include answers to ALL questions asked, even if not explicitly repeated in the items above.

Questions & Answers

what is standard deviation?
Jawed Reply
It is the measure of the variation of certain values from the Mean (Center) of a frequency distribution of sample values for a particular Variable.
Yeah....the simplest one
what is the number of x
Godgift Reply
Javed Arif
how will you know if a group of data set is a sample or population
Kingsley Reply
population is the whole set and the sample is the subset of population.
if the data set is drawn out of a larger set it is a sample and if it is itself the whole complete set it can be treated as population.
hello everyone if I have the data set which contains measurements of each part during 10 years, may I say that it's the population or it's still a sample because it doesn't contain my measurements in the future? thanks
Pls I hv a problem on t test is there anyone who can help?
What's your problem Peggy Abang
Bhavika is right
what is the problem peggy?
hii Bhavika
Hi eny population has a special definition. if that data set had all of characteristics of definition, that is population. otherwise that is a sample
three coins are tossed. find the probability of no head
Kanwal Reply
three coins are tossed consecutively or what ?
p(getting no head)=1/8
or .125 is the probability of getting no head when 3 coins are tossed
what is two tailed test
Umar Reply
if the diameter will be greater than 3 cm then the bullet will not fit in the barrel of the gun so you are bothered for both the sides.
in this test you are worried on both the ends
lets say you are designing a bullet for thw gun od diameter equals 3cm.if the diameter of the bullet is less than 3 cm then you wont be able to shoot it
In order to apply weddles rule for numerical integration what is minimum number of ordinates
Anjali Reply
excuse me?
didn't understand the question though.
which question? ?
We have rules of numerical integration like Trapezoidal rule, Simpson's 1/3 and 3/8 rules, Boole's rule and Weddle rule for n =1,2,3,4 and 6 but for n=5?
geometric mean of two numbers 4 and 16 is:
iphone Reply
quartile deviation of 8 8 8 is:
sorry 8 is the geometric mean of 4,16
quartile deviation of 8 8 8 is
can you please expalin the whole question ?
can you please post the picture of that ?
10 now
how to find out the value
srijth Reply
can you be more specific ?
what is the difference between inferential and descriptive statistics
Eze Reply
descriptive statistics gives you the result on the the data like you can calculate various things like variance,mean,median etc. however, inferential stats is involved in prediction of future trends using the previous stored data.
if you need more help i am up for the help.
Thanks a lot
Inferential Statistics involves drawing conclusions on a population based on analysis of a sample. Descriptive statistics summarises or describes your current data as numerical calculations or graphs.
my pleasure😊. Helping others offers me satisfaction 😊
for poisson distribution mean............variance.
mehul Reply
both are equal to mu
what is a variable
Bonolo Reply
something that changes
why we only calculate 4 moment of mean? asked in papers.
Faizan Reply
why we only 4 moment of mean ? asked in BA exam
Good evening, can you please help me by sharing regression and correlation analysis notes....thank you in advance
Refiloe Reply
Hello, can you please share the possible questions that are likely to be examined under the topic: regression and correlation analysis.
for normal distribution mean is 2 & variance is 4 find mu 4?
Faizan Reply
repeat quastion again
find mu 4. it can be wrong but want to prove how.
for a normal distribution if mu 4 is 12 then find mu 3?
Faizan Reply
Question hi wrong ha
ye BA mcqs me aya he teen he. 2dafa aya he
if X is normally distributed. (n,b). then its mean deviation is?
The answer is zero, because all odd ordered central moments of a normal distribution are Zero.
which question is zero
sorry it is (5,16) in place of (n,b)
I got. thanks. it is zero.
a random variable having binomial distribution is?

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Source:  OpenStax, Introductory statistics. OpenStax CNX. May 06, 2016 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11562/1.18
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