# 2.5 Measures of the center of the data  (Page 4/11)

 Page 4 / 11

## Try it

Maris conducted a study on the effect that playing video games has on memory recall. As part of her study, she compiled the following data:

Hours Teenagers Spend on Video Games Number of Teenagers
0–3.5 3
3.5–7.5 7
7.5–11.5 12
11.5–15.5 7
15.5–19.5 9

What is the best estimate for the mean number of hours spent playing video games?

Find the midpoint of each interval, multiply by the corresponding number of teenagers, add the results and then divide by the total number of teenagers
The midpoints are 1.75, 5.5, 9.5, 13.5,17.5.
Mean = (1.75)(3) + (5.5)(7) + (9.5)(12) + (13.5)(7) + (17.5)(9) = 409.75

## References

Data from The World Bank, available online at http://www.worldbank.org (accessed April 3, 2013).

“Demographics: Obesity – adult prevalence rate.” Indexmundi. Available online at http://www.indexmundi.com/g/r.aspx?t=50&v=2228&l=en (accessed April 3, 2013).

## Chapter review

The mean and the median can be calculated to help you find the "center" of a data set. The mean is the best estimate for the actual data set, but the median is the best measurement when a data set contains several outliers or extreme values. The mode will tell you the most frequently occuring datum (or data) in your data set. The mean, median, and mode are extremely helpful when you need to analyze your data, but if your data set consists of ranges which lack specific values, the mean may seem impossible to calculate. However, the mean can be approximated if you add the lower boundary with the upper boundary and divide by two to find the midpoint of each interval. Multiply each midpoint by the number of values found in the corresponding range. Divide the sum of these values by the total number of data values in the set.

## Formula review

$\mu =\frac{\sum fm}{\sum f}$ Where f = interval frequencies and m = interval midpoints.

Find the mean for the following frequency tables.

49.5–59.5 2
59.5–69.5 3
69.5–79.5 8
79.5–89.5 12
89.5–99.5 5
2. Daily Low Temperature Frequency
49.5–59.5 53
59.5–69.5 32
69.5–79.5 15
79.5–89.5 1
89.5–99.5 0
3. Points per Game Frequency
49.5–59.5 14
59.5–69.5 32
69.5–79.5 15
79.5–89.5 23
89.5–99.5 2

Use the following information to answer the next three exercises: The following data show the lengths of boats moored in a marina. The data are ordered from smallest to largest:

• 16
• 17
• 19
• 20
• 20
• 21
• 23
• 24
• 25
• 25
• 25
• 26
• 26
• 27
• 27
• 27
• 28
• 29
• 30
• 32
• 33
• 33
• 34
• 35
• 37
• 39
• 40

Calculate the mean.

Mean: 16 + 17 + 19 + 20 + 20 + 21 + 23 + 24 + 25 + 25 + 25 + 26 + 26 + 27 + 27 + 27 + 28 + 29 + 30 + 32 + 33 + 33 + 34 + 35 + 37 + 39 + 40 = 738;

$\frac{738}{27}$ = 27.33

Identify the median.

Identify the mode.

The most frequent lengths are 25 and 27, which occur three times. Mode = 25, 27

Use the following information to answer the next three exercises: Sixty-five randomly selected car salespersons were asked the number of cars they generally sell in one week. Fourteen people answered that they generally sell three cars; nineteen generally sell four cars; twelve generally sell five cars; nine generally sell six cars; eleven generally sell seven cars. Calculate the following:

sample mean = $\overline{x}$ = _______

median = _______

4

mode = _______

## Bringing it together

Javier and Ercilia are supervisors at a shopping mall. Each was given the task of estimating the mean distance that shoppers live from the mall. They each randomly surveyed 100 shoppers. The samples yielded the following information.

Javier Ercilia
$\overline{x}$ 6.0 miles 6.0 miles
$s$ 4.0 miles 7.0 miles
1. How can you determine which survey was correct ?
2. Explain what the difference in the results of the surveys implies about the data.
3. If the two histograms depict the distribution of values for each supervisor, which one depicts Ercilia's sample? How do you know?
4. If the two box plots depict the distribution of values for each supervisor, which one depicts Ercilia’s sample? How do you know?

Use the following information to answer the next three exercises : We are interested in the number of years students in a particular elementary statistics class have lived in California. The information in the following table is from the entire section.

Number of years Frequency Number of years Frequency
Total = 20
7 1 22 1
14 3 23 1
15 1 26 1
18 1 40 2
19 4 42 2
20 3

What is the IQR ?

1. 8
2. 11
3. 15
4. 35

a

What is the mode?

1. 19
2. 19.5
3. 14 and 20
4. 22.65

Is this a sample or the entire population?

1. sample
2. entire population
3. neither

b

The information is given as, 30% of customers shopping at SHOPNO will switch to DAILY SHOPPING every month on the other hand 40% of customers shopping at DAILY SHOPPING will switch to other every month. What is the probability that customers will switch from A to B for next two months?
Calculate correlation coefficient, where SP(xy) = 144; SS(x) = 739; SS(y) = 58. (2 Points)
The information are given from a randomly selected sample of age of COVID-19 patients who have already survived. These information are collected from 200 persons. The summarized information are as, n= 20; ∑x = 490; s^2 = 40. Calculate 95% confident interval of mean age.
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The mode of the density of power of signal is 3.5. Find the probability that the density of a random signal will be more than 2.5.
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3. The following are the number of mails received in different days by different organizations: Days (x) : 23, 35, 38, 50, 34, 60, 41, 32, 53, 67. Number of mails (y) : 18, 40, 52, 45, 32, 55, 50, 48, 26, 25. i) Fit a regression line of y on x and test the significance of regression. ii) Estimate y
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Is the severity of the drug problem in high school the same for boys and girls? 85 boys and 70 girls were questioned and 34 of the boys and 14 of the girls admitted to having tried some sort of drug. What can be concluded at the 0.05 level?
null rejected
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a quality control specialist took a random sample of n=10 pieces of gum and measured their thickness and found the mean 7.6 and standered deviation 0.10. Do you think that the mean thickness of the spearmint gum it produces is 7.5?
99. A one sample, one-tail t-test is conducted and the test statistic value is calculated to be 2.56. The degrees of freedom for the test are 10. Which of the following conclusions for the test would be correct? a
A one sample, one-tail t-test is conducted and the test statistic value is calculated to be 2.56. The degrees of freedom for the test are 10. Which of the following conclusions for the test would be correct?
Niaz
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Niaz
what is null Hypothesis
Niaz
when median is greater than mode?
hello
Amaano
is this app useful
Worthy
little bit 😭
G-
oh
Worthy
when tail is positive
Jungjoon
define hypothesis
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Yoliswa
types of averages .mean median mode quarantiles MCQ question
what a consider data?
Out of 25 students, 15 are male. Is the overall proportion of male students 0.7 in AIUB? (4 Points)
15/25=0.6 or 60% standard calculation
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0.6
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