<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >

Data may come from a population or from a sample. Small letters like x or y generally are used to represent data values. Most data can be put into the following categories:

  • Qualitative
  • Quantitative

Qualitative data are the result of categorizing or describing attributes of a population. Hair color, blood type, ethnic group, the car a person drives, and the street a person lives on are examples of qualitative data. Qualitative data are generally described by words or letters. For instance, hair color might be black, dark brown, light brown, blonde, gray, or red. Blood type might be AB+, O-, or B+. Researchers often prefer to use quantitative data over qualitative data because it lends itself more easily to mathematical analysis. For example, it does not make sense to find an average hair color or blood type.

Quantitative data are always numbers. Quantitative data are the result of counting or measuring attributes of a population. Amount of money, pulse rate, weight, number of people living in your town, and number of students who take statistics are examples of quantitative data. Quantitative data may be either discrete or continuous .

All data that are the result of counting are called quantitative discrete data . These data take on only certain numerical values. If you count the number of phone calls you receive for each day of the week, you might get values such as zero, one, two, or three.

All data that are the result of measuring are quantitative continuous data assuming that we can measure accurately. Measuring angles in radians might result in such numbers as π 6 , π 3 , π 2 , π , 3 π 4 , and so on. If you and your friends carry backpacks with books in them to school, the numbers of books in the backpacks are discrete data and the weights of the backpacks are continuous data.

Data sample of quantitative discrete data

The data are the number of books students carry in their backpacks. You sample five students. Two students carry three books, one student carries four books, one student carries two books, and one student carries one book. The numbers of books (three, four, two, and one) are the quantitative discrete data.

Got questions? Get instant answers now!

Try it

The data are the number of machines in a gym. You sample five gyms. One gym has 12 machines, one gym has 15 machines, one gym has ten machines, one gym has 22 machines, and the other gym has 20machines. What type of data is this?

Try it solutions

quantitative discrete data

Got questions? Get instant answers now!

Data sample of quantitative continuous data

The data are the weights of backpacks with books in them. You sample the same five students. The weights (in pounds) of their backpacks are 6.2, 7, 6.8, 9.1, 4.3. Notice that backpacks carrying three books can have different weights. Weights are quantitative continuous data because weights are measured.

Got questions? Get instant answers now!

Try it

The data are the areas of lawns in square feet. You sample five houses. The areas of the lawns are 144 sq. feet, 160 sq. feet, 190 sq. feet, 180 sq. feet, and 210 sq. feet. What type of data is this?

Try it solutions

quantitative continuous data

Got questions? Get instant answers now!

You go to the supermarket and purchase three cans of soup (19 ounces) tomato bisque, 14.1 ounces lentil, and 19 ounces Italian wedding), two packages of nuts (walnuts and peanuts), four different kinds of vegetable (broccoli, cauliflower, spinach, and carrots), and two desserts (16 ounces Cherry Garcia ice cream and two pounds (32 ounces chocolate chip cookies).

Name data sets that are quantitative discrete, quantitative continuous, and qualitative.

One Possible Solution:

  • The three cans of soup, two packages of nuts, four kinds of vegetables and two desserts are quantitative discrete data because you count them.
  • The weights of the soups (19 ounces, 14.1 ounces, 19 ounces) are quantitative continuous data because you measure weights as precisely as possible.
  • Types of soups, nuts, vegetables and desserts are qualitative data because they are categorical.
Got questions? Get instant answers now!

Try to identify additional data sets in this example.

Got questions? Get instant answers now!

Questions & Answers

what is normal distribution
RAHAT Reply
What is the uses of sample in real life
Waqas Reply
change of origin and scale
RAHAT Reply
3. If the grades of 40000 students in a course at the Hashemite University are distributed according to N(60,400) Then the number of students with grades less than 75 =*
Ahmad Reply
If a constant value is added to every observation of data, then arithmetic mean is obtained by
Madiha Reply
sum of AM+Constnt
Fazal
data can be defined as numbers in context. suppose you are given the following set of numbers 18,22,22,20,19,21
Tyasia Reply
what are data
Tyasia Reply
what is mode?
Natasha Reply
what is statistics
Natasha
statistics is a combination of collect data summraize data analyiz data and interprete data
Ali
what is mode
Natasha
what is statistics
Alex Reply
It is the science of analysing numerical data in large quantities, especially for the purpose of inferring proportions in a whole from those in a representative sample.
Bernice
history of statistics
Terseer Reply
statistics was first used by?
Terseer
if a population has a prevalence of Hypertension 5%, what is the probability of 4 people having hypertension from 8 randomly selected individuals?
John Reply
Carpet land sales persons average 8000 per weekend sales Steve qantas the firm's vice president proposes a compensation plan with new selling incentives Steve hopes that the results of a trial selling period will enable him to conclude that the compensation plan increases the average sales per sales
lorenda Reply
Supposed we have Standard deviation 1.56, mean 6.36, sample size 25 and Z-score 1.96 at 95% confidence level, what is the confidence interval?
John Reply
if Y=a+bX and X=c+dY the show that |r|= √hd where r is regression coefficient
Vishakha Reply
this is a linear function. I presume this will be solved simultaneously?
no
Naheed
how can I get esyer statistic?
maina Reply
yes
pakistan
msc completed
i am bba students at nfc
Hamdan
stat. is the subject in bba .... exam is online . .. which fee u charge to slove my exam ?
Hamdan
which uni u completed msc?
Hamdan
no charges. i am just helping you. not for fees
really
Hamdan
yeap
i am so glad this type of people lived in pakistan💔
Hamdan
but unfortunately bba students just live for money🤣
Hamdan
no purpose of life without money🤠
Hamdan
money is not everything
sampling estimation hypothesis about question
Hamdan
ok ye tu easy topic h bhot
main tume is se related ques aur theory bejti ho
in an examination 60% passed in physics 52% passed in statistics. while 32% failed in both the subject's using relations between class frequencies in attributes find the percentage of student passed in both the subject's
Satish
general rule of addition
Hamdan
apply
Hamdan

Get Jobilize Job Search Mobile App in your pocket Now!

Get it on Google Play Download on the App Store Now




Source:  OpenStax, Introductory statistics. OpenStax CNX. May 06, 2016 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11562/1.18
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'Introductory statistics' conversation and receive update notifications?

Ask