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A fair coin is flipped 15 times. Each flip is independent. What is the probability of getting more than ten heads? Let X = the number of heads in 15 flips of the fair coin. X takes on the values 0, 1, 2, 3, ..., 15. Since the coin is fair, p = 0.5 and q = 0.5. The number of trials is n = 15. State the probability question mathematically.

P ( x >10)

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A fair, six-sided die is rolled ten times. Each roll is independent. You want to find the probability of rolling a one more than three times. State the probability question mathematically.

P ( x >3)

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Approximately 70% of statistics students do their homework in time for it to be collected and graded. Each student does homework independently. In a statistics class of 50 students, what is the probability that at least 40 will do their homework on time? Students are selected randomly.

a. This is a binomial problem because there is only a success or a __________, there are a fixed number of trials, and the probability of a success is 0.70 for each trial.

a. failure

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b. If we are interested in the number of students who do their homework on time, then how do we define X ?

b. X = the number of statistics students who do their homework on time

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c. What values does x take on?

c. 0, 1, 2, …, 50

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d. What is a "failure," in words?

d. Failure is defined as a student who does not complete his or her homework on time.

The probability of a success is p = 0.70. The number of trials is n = 50.

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e. If p + q = 1, then what is q ?

e. q = 0.30

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f. The words "at least" translate as what kind of inequality for the probability question P ( x ____ 40).

f. greater than or equal to (≥)
The probability question is P ( x ≥ 40).

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Sixty-five percent of people pass the state driver’s exam on the first try. A group of 50 individuals who have taken the driver’s exam is randomly selected. Give two reasons why this is a binomial problem.

This is a binomial problem because there is only a success or a failure, and there are a definite number of trials. The probability of a success stays the same for each trial.

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Notation for the binomial: B = binomial probability distribution function

X ~ B ( n , p )

Read this as " X is a random variable with a binomial distribution." The parameters are n and p ; n = number of trials, p = probability of a success on each trial.

It has been stated that about 41% of adult workers have a high school diploma but do not pursue any further education. If 20 adult workers are randomly selected, find the probability that at most 12 of them have a high school diploma but do not pursue any further education. How many adult workers do you expect to have a high school diploma but do not pursue any further education?

Let X = the number of workers who have a high school diploma but do not pursue any further education.

X takes on the values 0, 1, 2, ..., 20 where n = 20, p = 0.41, and q = 1 – 0.41 = 0.59. X ~ B (20, 0.41)

Find P ( x ≤ 12). P ( x ≤ 12) = 0.9738. (calculator or computer)

Go into 2 nd DISTR. The syntax for the instructions are as follows:

To calculate ( x = value): binompdf( n , p , number) if "number" is left out, the result is the binomial probability table.
To calculate P ( x ≤ value): binomcdf( n , p , number) if "number" is left out, the result is the cumulative binomial probability table.
For this problem: After you are in 2 nd DISTR, arrow down to binomcdf. Press ENTER. Enter 20,0.41,12). The result is P ( x ≤ 12) = 0.9738.

Note

If you want to find P ( x = 12), use the pdf (binompdf). If you want to find P ( x >12), use 1 - binomcdf(20,0.41,12).

The probability that at most 12 workers have a high school diploma but do not pursue any further education is 0.9738.

The graph of X ~ B (20, 0.41) is as follows:

This histogram shows a binomial probability distribution. It is made up of bars that are fairly normally distributed. The x-axis shows values from 0 to 20. The y-axis shows values from 0 to 0.2 in increments of 0.05.

The y -axis contains the probability of x , where X = the number of workers who have only a high school diploma.

The number of adult workers that you expect to have a high school diploma but not pursue any further education is the mean, μ = np = (20)(0.41) = 8.2.

The formula for the variance is σ 2 = npq . The standard deviation is σ = n p q .
σ = ( 20 ) ( 0.41 ) ( 0.59 ) = 2.20.

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Questions & Answers

sum of dots when 2 dice are rolled is
Babra Reply
what is statistics?
Noman Reply
Statistics is the collection of methods for planning experiments, obtaining data, and then organizing, summarizing, presenting, analyzing, interpreting, and drawing conclusions.
John
you are right
razia
you are right
razia
a random variable is __________ if takes on a values continuous scale.
Loida Reply
merits of arithmetic mean
Priya Reply
formula of HM
Bikram
hello
umar
hi
Candyda
n/sum(1/xi). this i is in subscript
moniba
this is HM formula
moniba
Thank you
Candyda
So guys u can help me get better in statistics
Lion
class interval and class limit are same ?
Shantal Reply
what is a differnece between class interval and class boundries ?
Shantal
I don't think so
Plain
interval between the element of class- class interval
Hemanta
class boundary consist of the upper and lower class limits but class class limit is the same decimal values as the data values
Najeeb
x 0 1 2 3 4 5 0.05 0.09 0.17 0.27 0.23 0.19 a) Find the probability that 1 or 2 smart phones have defects (show calculations). b) Find the probability that more than 3 smart phones have defects (show calculations). c) Find the probability that at most 2 smart phones have defects (show calculat
Mr Reply
Please expand on the number set data
Jesus
what is proportion?
Ann Reply
A proportion is simply a statement that two ratios are equal
Foeor
Two dice are thrown. Let A be the event that the sum of the upper face number is odd and be the event of at least one ace
Sana Reply
does proportion alwaus give u a yes or no answer for data
Adrienne Reply
frequency destribution
the Reply
7.The following data give thenumber of car thefts that occurred in a city in the past 12 days. 63711438726915 Calculate therange, variance, and standard deviation.
Mitu Reply
express the confidence interval 81.4% ~8.5% in interval form
Xx Reply
a bad contain 3 red and 5 black balls another 4 red and 7 black balls, A ball is drawn from a bag selected at random, Find the probability that A is red?
Shazain Reply
The information is given as, 30% of customers shopping at SHOPNO will switch to DAILY SHOPPING every month on the other hand 40% of customers shopping at DAILY SHOPPING will switch to other every month. What is the probability that customers will switch from A to B for next two months?
sharmin Reply
Calculate correlation coefficient, where SP(xy) = 144; SS(x) = 739; SS(y) = 58. (2 Points)
Ashfat Reply
The information are given from a randomly selected sample of age of COVID-19 patients who have already survived. These information are collected from 200 persons. The summarized information are as, n= 20; ∑x = 490; s^2 = 40. Calculate 95% confident interval of mean age.
Ashfat
The mode of the density of power of signal is 3.5. Find the probability that the density of a random signal will be more than 2.5.
Ashfat
The average time needed to repair a mobile phone set is 2 hours. If a customer is in queue for half an hour, what is the probability that his set will be repaired within 1.6 hours?
Ashfat

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Source:  OpenStax, Introductory statistics. OpenStax CNX. May 06, 2016 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11562/1.18
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