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What would you predict the sales to be on day 60?

$250,120

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What would you predict the sales to be on day 90?

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Use the following information to answer the next three exercises . A landscaping company is hired to mow the grass for several large properties. The total area of the properties combined is 1,345 acres. The rate at which one person can mow is as follows:

ŷ = 1350 – 1.2 x where x is the number of hours and ŷ represents the number of acres left to mow.

How many acres will be left to mow after 20 hours of work?

1,326 acres

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How many acres will be left to mow after 100 hours of work?

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How many hours will it take to mow all of the lawns? (When is ŷ = 0?)

1,125 hours, or when x = 1,125

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[link] contains real data for the first two decades of AIDS reporting.

Adults and adolescents only, united states
Year # AIDS cases diagnosed # AIDS deaths
Pre-1981 91 29
1981 319 121
1982 1,170 453
1983 3,076 1,482
1984 6,240 3,466
1985 11,776 6,878
1986 19,032 11,987
1987 28,564 16,162
1988 35,447 20,868
1989 42,674 27,591
1990 48,634 31,335
1991 59,660 36,560
1992 78,530 41,055
1993 78,834 44,730
1994 71,874 49,095
1995 68,505 49,456
1996 59,347 38,510
1997 47,149 20,736
1998 38,393 19,005
1999 25,174 18,454
2000 25,522 17,347
2001 25,643 17,402
2002 26,464 16,371
Total 802,118 489,093

Graph “year” versus “# AIDS cases diagnosed” (plot the scatter plot). Do not include pre-1981 data.

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Perform linear regression. What is the linear equation? Round to the nearest whole number.

Check student’s solution.

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Write the equations:

  1. Linear equation: __________
  2. a = ________
  3. b = ________
  4. r = ________
  5. n = ________

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Solve.

  1. When x = 1985, ŷ = _____
  2. When x = 1990, ŷ =_____
  3. When x = 1970, ŷ =______ Why doesn’t this answer make sense?

  1. When x = 1985, ŷ = 25,52
  2. When x = 1990, ŷ = 34,275
  3. When x = 1970, ŷ = –725 Why doesn’t this answer make sense? The range of x values was 1981 to 2002; the year 1970 is not in this range. The regression equation does not apply, because predicting for the year 1970 is extrapolation, which requires a different process. Also, a negative number does not make sense in this context, where we are predicting AIDS cases diagnosed.

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Does the line seem to fit the data? Why or why not?

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What does the correlation imply about the relationship between time (years) and the number of diagnosed AIDS cases reported in the U.S.?

Also, the correlation r = 0.4526. If r is compared to the value in the 95% Critical Values of the Sample Correlation Coefficient Table, because r >0.423, r is significant, and you would think that the line could be used for prediction. But the scatter plot indicates otherwise.

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Plot the two given points on the following graph. Then, connect the two points to form the regression line.

Blank graph with horizontal and vertical axes.

Obtain the graph on your calculator or computer.

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Write the equation: ŷ = ____________

y ^ = 3,448,225 + 1750 x

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Hand draw a smooth curve on the graph that shows the flow of the data.

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Does the line seem to fit the data? Why or why not?

There was an increase in AIDS cases diagnosed until 1993. From 1993 through 2002, the number of AIDS cases diagnosed declined each year. It is not appropriate to use a linear regression line to fit to the data.

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Do you think a linear fit is best? Why or why not?

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What does the correlation imply about the relationship between time (years) and the number of diagnosed AIDS cases reported in the U.S.?

Since there is no linear association between year and # of AIDS cases diagnosed, it is not appropriate to calculate a linear correlation coefficient. When there is a linear association and it is appropriate to calculate a correlation, we cannot say that one variable “causes” the other variable.

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Graph “year” vs. “# AIDS cases diagnosed.” Do not include pre-1981. Label both axes with words. Scale both axes.

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Enter your data into your calculator or computer. The pre-1981 data should not be included. Why is that so?

Write the linear equation, rounding to four decimal places:

We don’t know if the pre-1981 data was collected from a single year. So we don’t have an accurate x value for this figure.

Regression equation: ŷ (#AIDS Cases) = –3,448,225 + 1749.777 (year)

Coefficients
Intercept –3,448,225
X Variable 1 1,749.777
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Calculate the following:

  1. a = _____
  2. b = _____
  3. correlation = _____
  4. n = _____
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Questions & Answers

where do I start
Jeremy Reply
in a large restaurant an average of every 7 customers ask for water with the their meal. A random sample of 12 customers is selected, find the probability that exactly 6 ask for water with their meal
Rufai Reply
any body with idea
Rufai
conditional probability
Ramesh
can you help please
Rufai
iam really sorry. it's been long since I used these things. I just gave you a hint though
Ramesh
ok
Rufai
this follows binomial distribution. p(X=6)=12C6*(0.6)^6*0.4^6 use this formula n find.
syeda
can you explain the cosidered variable in the formula
Divya
x is variable wich is exactly 6 costumers
syeda
n is number of customers
syeda
ncx*p^X*q^X?
Divya
q^n-x
syeda
oh right !!! thanks yaar
Divya
I agree with Seyda too
Hoshyar
I agree with Syeda too
Hoshyar
7/12 =0.58is it?
yousaf
.
yousaf
r8
khalid
what is descriptive statistic
Shadow Reply
Descriptive statistics are brief descriptive coefficients that summarize a given data set, which can be either a representation of the entire or a sample of a population. Descriptive statistics are broken down into measures of central tendency and measures of variability (spread). 
Divya
are you getting this ?
Divya
if so let me know
Divya
yes m getting
Ramesh
fine
Divya
what's taking place can l join u
Anest
yeah !!why not? sure
Divya
okey thanks
Anest
where are statistics used
akinola Reply
hello
Giannis
Hi
Makhosi
how u doing
Muhid
please guys uses of statistics....
james Reply
the upper quartile of the population 10,12,14,16,18,20,25,15,11,11,17,is................?
Gach
The probability range is 0 to 1... but why we take it 0 to 1....
Muhammad Reply
because in probability 1 means success and 0 means failure and it cnnt be more or less than 1 and 0.
syeda
b/c v hv mazimum probibliy 1 and minimum which is.no.probiblity is 0.so.v hv the range from 0 to 1
khalid
the size of a set is greeter than its subset
Hoshyar
The probability of an event will not be less than 0.  This is because 0 is impossible (sure that something will not happen).The probability of an event will not be more than 1. This is because 1 is certain that something will happen
Divya
what do they mean in a question when you are asked to find P40 and P88
Megrina Reply
I dont get your question! What are you talk ING about?
Mani
hi
Mehri
you're asked to find page 40 and page 88 on that particular book.
Joseph
hi
ravi
any suggestions for statistics app better than this
ravi
sorry miss wrote the question
omar
No problem) By the way. I NEED a program For statistical data analysis. Any suggestion?
Mani
Eviews will help u
Kwadwo
Hello
Okonkwo
arey there any data analyst and working on sas statistical model building
ravi
Hi guys ,actually I have dicovered that the P40 and P88 means finding the 40th and 88th percentiles 😌..
Megrina
who can explain the euclidian distance
ravi
I am fresh student of statistics (BS) plz guide me best app or best website relative to stat topics
Noman
IMAGESNEWSVIDEOS A Dictionary of Computing. measures of location Quantities that represent the average or typical value of a random variable (compare measures of variation). They are either properties of a probability distribution or computed statistics of a sample. Three important measures are the mean, median, and mode.
Ahmed Reply
define the measures of location
Kaynaat Reply
IMAGESNEWSVIDEOS A Dictionary of Computing. measures of location Quantities that represent the average or typical value of a random variable (compare measures of variation). They are either properties of a probability distribution or computed statistics of a sample. Three important measures are th
Ahmed
hi i have a question....
Muhammad
what is confidence interval estimate and its formula in getting it
Jhezarie Reply
discuss the roles of vital and health statistic in the planning of health service of the community
BITRUS Reply
given that the probability of
BITRUS
good morning
Rufai
hi bitrus.
Bratit
hi
yousaf
hallo
Bratit
hey
Divya
uses in health policy and health research
Divya
1) social inequalities I health 2) Trends in mortality
Divya
hey do you know any about any of the statistics courses which is best ?
Divya
hello
Hoshyar
hi
Hoshyar
online courses and convenient fees
Divya
can man city win Liverpool ?
Emmanuel Reply
There are two coins on a table. When both are flipped, one coin land on heads eith probability 0.5 while the other lands on head with probability 0.6. A coin is randomly selected from the table and flipped. (a) what is probability it lands on heads? (b) given that it lands on tail, what is the Condi
Nusrat Reply
0.5*0.5+0.5*0.6
Ravasz
what is gradient descent?
Saurav Reply
It should be a Machine learning terms。
Mok
it is a term used in linear regression
Saurav
what are the differences between standard deviation and variancs?
Enhance
what is statistics
Emmanuel Reply
statistics is the collection and interpretation of data
Enhance
the science of summarization and description of numerical facts
Enhance
Is the estimation of probability
Zaini
mr. zaini..can u tell me more clearly how to calculated pair t test
Haai
do you have MG Akarwal Statistics' book Zaini?
Enhance
Haai how r u?
Enhance
maybe .... mathematics is the science of simplification and statistics is the interpretation of such values and its implications.
Miguel
can we discuss about pair test
Haai
hello can i join
Kawuma
Hi. Im raph. Can anyone teach me how to read the z-table?
Asare

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Source:  OpenStax, Introductory statistics. OpenStax CNX. May 06, 2016 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11562/1.18
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