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Practice test 1

1.1: definitions of statistics, probability, and key terms

Use the following information to answer the next three exercises. A grocery store is interested in how much money, on average, their customers spend each visit in the produce department. Using their store records, they draw a sample of 1,000 visits and calculate each customer’s average spending on produce.

1 . Identify the population, sample, parameter, statistic, variable, and data for this example.

  1. population
  2. sample
  3. parameter
  4. statistic
  5. variable
  6. data

2 . What kind of data is “amount of money spent on produce per visit”?

  1. qualitative
  2. quantitative-continuous
  3. quantitative-discrete

3 . The study finds that the mean amount spent on produce per visit by the customers in the sample is $12.84. This is an example of a:

  1. population
  2. sample
  3. parameter
  4. statistic
  5. variable

1.2: data, sampling, and variation in data and sampling

Use the following information to answer the next two exercises. A health club is interested in knowing how many times a typical member uses the club in a week. They decide to ask every tenth customer on a specified day to complete a short survey including information about how many times they have visited the club in the past week.

4 . What kind of a sampling design is this?

  1. cluster
  2. stratified
  3. simple random
  4. systematic

5 . “Number of visits per week” is what kind of data?

  1. qualitative
  2. quantitative-continuous
  3. quantitative-discrete

6 . Describe a situation in which you would calculate a parameter, rather than a statistic.

7 . The U.S. federal government conducts a survey of high school seniors concerning their plans for future education and employment. One question asks whether they are planning to attend a four-year college or university in the following year. Fifty percent answer yes to this question; that fifty percent is a:

  1. parameter
  2. statistic
  3. variable
  4. data

8 . Imagine that the U.S. federal government had the means to survey all high school seniors in the U.S. concerning their plans for future education and employment, and found that 50 percent were planning to attend a 4-year college or university in the following year. This 50 percent is an example of a:

  1. parameter
  2. statistic
  3. variable
  4. data

Use the following information to answer the next three exercises. A survey of a random sample of 100 nurses working at a large hospital asked how many years they had been working in the profession. Their answers are summarized in the following (incomplete) table.

9 . Fill in the blanks in the table and round your answers to two decimal places for the Relative Frequency and Cumulative Relative Frequency cells.

# of years Frequency Relative Frequency Cumulative Relative Frequency
<5 25
5–10 30
>10 empty

10 . What proportion of nurses have five or more years of experience?

11 . What proportion of nurses have ten or fewer years of experience?

12 . Describe how you might draw a random sample of 30 students from a lecture class of 200 students.

13 . Describe how you might draw a stratified sample of students from a college, where the strata are the students’ class standing (freshman, sophomore, junior, or senior).

Questions & Answers

Frequency find questions
Rimsha Reply
What is nominal variable
olusola Reply
Write short notes on, nominal variable, ordinal variable, internal variable, ratio variable.
olusola
P( /x-50/ less than or equal to 5 ) where mean =52 and Variance =25
Jay Reply
how I get the mcq
Mukesh Reply
please what is data mining
Josephine Reply
the exploration and analysis of large data to discover meaningful patterns and rules
Hussein
how do we calculate the median
All Reply
f(x)=cx(1-x)^4 as x range 4rm 0<=x<=1. Can someone pls help me find d constant C. By integration only..
Akeem Reply
uses of statistics in Local Government
Saleema Reply
Hi
Tamuno
hello
Saleema
state road transport corporation
Atul
District statistical officer
Atul
statistical services
Atul
Please is this part of the IMT program
Tamuno
testing of drugs
Shambhavi
hii 2
Qamar-ul-
How about population census
Tamuno
Hello every one
Okoi
sample survey is done by local government in each and every field.
syeda
statistics is used in almost every government organisations such as health department, economic department, census, weather forecasting fields
raghavendra
that's true
syeda
statistics is one of the tool that represents the falling and rising of any cases in one sheet either that is in population census whether forecast as well as economic growth
Aadil
statistic is a technique, and statistics is a subject
syeda
what is business statistics
PM Reply
Probability tells you the likelihood of an event happening. ... The higher the probability, the more likely it is to happen. Probability is a number or fraction between 0 and 1. A probability of 1 means something will always happen, and a probability of 0 means something will never happen...
La Reply
Saying it's a number between zero and one means it is a fraction so you could remove "or fraction" from you definition.
Carlos
wouldn't be correct to remove fractions, saying a number is justified as probabilities can also be decimals between 0 and 1.
Denzel
Saying "a number" will include it being a decimal which are themselves fractions in another form.
Carlos
I will simply say a probability is a number in the range zero to one, inclusive.
Carlos
f#$
Carlos
How to delete an entry? This last one was a pocket print.
Carlos
what is probability
sky-D Reply
chance of occurrence
Sikander
what is data
Muhd Reply
raw facts and figures
Sikander
information of any kind
Tahir
What is Statistic
ibrahim Reply
what statistical analysis can i run on growth and yield of spinach.
guillio
format of the frequency distribution table
henry
what is pearson correlation coefficient indicates?
Eticha
Statistic is the mean of the sample.
Raman
can anyone determine the value of c and the covariance and correlation for the joint probability density function Fxy(x,y)=c over the range 0<x<5,0<y,and x-1<y<x-1.
Nuhu
what actually is the definition of range
Chinedu Reply
I need social statistics materials
Chinedu
the range of a set of data is the difference between the largest and smallest values
La
I need more explanation about cluster sampling
Hafsat
write the set of old number that are greater than or equal to minutes 7 butl less than 5 in both of the set notation
Jerry Reply

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Source:  OpenStax, Introductory statistics. OpenStax CNX. May 06, 2016 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11562/1.18
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