<< Chapter < Page
  Software engineering     Page 14 / 15
Chapter >> Page >

Test process

Testing concepts, strategies, techniques, and measures need to be integrated into a defined and controlled process which is run by people. The test process supports testing activities and provides guidance to testing teams, from test planning to test output evaluation, in such a way as to provide justified assurance that the test objectives will be met cost-effectively.

Practical considerations

Attitudes/egoless programming

A very important component of successful testing is a collaborative attitude towards testing and quality assurance activities. Managers have a key role in fostering a generally favorable reception towards failure discovery during development and maintenance; for instance, by preventing a mindset of code ownership among programmers, so that they will not feel responsible for failures revealed by their code.

Test guides

The testing phases could be guided by various aims, for example: in risk-based testing, which uses the product risks to prioritize and focus the test strategy; or in scenario-based testing, in which test cases are defined based on specified software scenarios.

Test process management (ieee1074-97, ieee12207.0-96:s5.3.9)

Test activities conducted at different levels must be organized, together with people, tools, policies, and measurements, into a well-defined process which is an integral part of the life cycle. In IEEE/EIA Standard 12207.0, testing is not described as a stand-alone process, but principles for testing activities are included along with both the five primary life cycle processes and the supporting process. In IEEE Std 1074, testing is grouped with other evaluation activities as integral to the entire life cycle.

Test documentation and work products (ieee829-98)

Documentation is an integral part of the formalization of the test process. The IEEE Standard for Software Test Documentation (IEEE829-98) provides a good description of test documents and of their relationship with one another and with the testing process. Test documents may include, among others, Test Plan, Test Design Specification, Test Procedure Specification, Test Case Specification, Test Log, and Test Incident or Problem Report. The software under test is documented as the Test Item. Test documentation should be produced and continually updated, to the same level of quality as other types of documentation in software engineering.

Internal vs. independent test team

Formalization of the test process may involve formalizing the test team organization as well. The test team can be composed of internal members (that is, on the project team, involved or not in software construction), of external members, in the hope of bringing in an unbiased, independent perspective, or, finally, of both internal and external members. Considerations of costs, schedule, maturity levels of the involved organizations, and criticality of the application may determine the decision.

Cost/effort estimation and other process measures (ieee982.1-88)

Several measures related to the resources spent on testing, as well as to the relative fault-finding effectiveness of the various test phases, are used by managers to control and improve the test process. These test measures may cover such aspects as number of test cases specified, number of test cases executed, number of test cases passed, and number of test cases failed, among others.

Questions & Answers

4 generation technology
RICHA Reply
Richa, what is your question?
Darrell
what is the work of software engineer
mercy Reply
DilipDas
Dili
let's make something guys
Harold Reply
huh good hi guys vivo gun vivo
Chandan Reply
hello Google Translate project app
Rajendra Reply
yes
Vikash
steps of developing a software
latest Reply
Present
win
bamori project
Rajendra
hi
Chandan
hi
mercy
which approach used to reduce number of test cases
Harshdeep Reply
I wish to ask what is the mean of a data model
Ateke Reply
explanation of working of computer
Gulfam Reply
hi
Moshiur
Hi
Malak
Hi
Yaw
How are you friends
Malak
Hlo nice too me
win
Thank for all fri
win
what's going on
Aden
lean for anything
win
hi guys
Ateke
hello.
Martins
hola como estas hey
Nurullohon
hi
MS
What is software engineering
parfait Reply
good hi
MS
explain basic path testing for triangle problem?
Janavi Reply
Sorry
Mo
laptop ka meaning kaya hai
mahefuj Reply
hii bro
MOHD
hi
Aden
hi
Juhi
hi how are u doing bro
Aden
what you have?
Aden
Are you all Indians?
Bade
no I am ethiopian
Aden
I am a cameroonian
Ateke
please how can I design a game
Funmilayo Reply
manojsunani
Manoj
આ આ
Manoj
પોતાના
Manoj
JOHNBULL
EJE
how can supported ; learn me
win
learn trained tO me.
Shahzad
tech
Shahzad
what is software engineering
Darling Reply
software engineering are company manage
mahefuj
Text editor project in c++
Ayesha Reply
hi daddy
Sreenu
hello sir
Ranjith
Hij
Govinthan

Get the best Software engineering course in your pocket!





Source:  OpenStax, Software engineering. OpenStax CNX. Jul 29, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10790/1.1
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'Software engineering' conversation and receive update notifications?

Ask