<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >

These libraries are also an important source of information for measurements of work and progress.

Software configuration control

Software configuration control is concerned with managing changes during the software life cycle. It covers the process for determining what changes to make, the authority for approving certain changes, support for the implementation of those changes, and the concept of formal deviations from project requirements, as well as waivers of them. Information derived from these activities is useful in measuring change traffic and breakage, and aspects of rework.

Requesting, evaluating, and approving software changes

The first step in managing changes to controlled items is determining what changes to make. The software change request process provides formal procedures for submitting and recording change requests, evaluating the potential cost and impact of a proposed change, and accepting, modifying, or rejecting the proposed change. Requests for changes to software configuration items may be originated by anyone at any point in the software life cycle and may include a suggested solution and requested priority. One source of change requests is the initiation of corrective action in response to problem reports. Regardless of the source, the type of change (for example, defect or enhancement) is usually recorded on the SCR.

This flow of a Change Control Process provides an opportunity for tracking defects and collecting change activity measurements by change type. Once an SCR is received, a technical evaluation (also known as an impact analysis) is performed to determine the extent of the modifications that would be necessary should the change request be accepted. A good understanding of the relationships among software (and possibly, hardware) items is important for this task. Finally, an established authority, commensurate with the affected baseline, the SCI involved, and the nature of the change, will evaluate the technical and managerial aspects of the change request and either accept, modify, reject, or defer the proposed change.

Software configuration control board

The authority for accepting or rejecting proposed changes rests with an entity typically known as a Configuration Control Board (CCB). In smaller projects, this authority may actually reside with the leader or an assigned individual rather than a multi-person board. There can be multiple levels of change authority depending on a variety of criteria, such as the criticality of the item involved, the nature of the change (for example, impact on budget and schedule), or the current point in the life cycle. The composition of the CCBs used for a given system varies depending on these criteria (an SCM representative would always be present). All stakeholders, appropriate to the level of the CCB, are represented. When the scope of authority of a CCB is strictly software, it is known as a Software Configuration Control Board (SCCB). The activities of the CCB are typically subject to software quality audit or review.

Questions & Answers

define system ,concepts of system and types of system?
Gurmeet Reply
iom
ADNAN
hello
arsh
is very important software engineer or not.
Riyanshu Reply
very important
arsh
what is software engineering
Ravindra Reply
Software engineering is a detailed study of engineering to the design, development and maintenance of software
arsh
what is salary of software engineer
Akash Reply
it depend on organization's and quality
josephat
I think average salary 80000us dollars per year
arsh
what are naturs of software Engineering
BANDARU Reply
what is the nature of saftware
BANDARU Reply
what is nature of sotfware
BANDARU
hi
khushboo
can anyone help me I need to learn
khushboo
code debug
khushboo
in eclipse java
khushboo
@janak can u suggest
khushboo
what is the salary of software engineer
Akash
per month
Akash
please tell me what is the salary of software engineer per monthe
Akash
which sdlc mode l is suitable for atm banking system
Rakesh Reply
how can I create my own software?
David
HUAWEI.ABBULLAG.45720891
Abdula Reply
how to build apps
Andreas Reply
what is memory?
Hausa Reply
memory is billions of consecutive data storage cell where each of the cell has its own particular address of identification.
Shariful
is software engineering important or not.
Riyanshu
what are the major difference in the external environment of an office automation system and that of an embedded systems
juma Reply
What is software engineering
Zohaib Reply
what is salary of a software engineer
Akash Reply
tell me what is salary of a software engineer.
Riyanshu
understand wllhi 😭am language somali bro 😇😣😣😣
what is agile
Qais Reply

Get the best Software engineering course in your pocket!





Source:  OpenStax, Software engineering. OpenStax CNX. Jul 29, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10790/1.1
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'Software engineering' conversation and receive update notifications?

Ask