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Defect characterization

SQM processes find defects. Characterizing those defects leads to an understanding of the product, facilitates corrections to the process or the product, and informs project management or the customer of the status of the process or product. Many defect (fault) taxonomies exist, and, while attempts have been made to gain consensus on a fault and failure taxonomy, the literature indicates. Defect (anomaly) characterization is also used in audits and reviews, with the review leader often presenting a list of anomalies provided by team members for consideration at a review meeting.

As new design methods and languages evolve, along with advances in overall software technologies, new classes of defects appear, and a great deal of effort is required to interpret previously defined classes. When tracking defects, the software engineer is interested in not only the number of defects but also the types. Information alone, without some classification, is not really of any use in identifying the underlying causes of the defects, since specific types of problems need to be grouped together in order for determinations to be made about them. The point is to establish a defect taxonomy that is meaningful to the organization and to the software engineers.

SQM discovers information at all stages of software development and maintenance. Typically, where the word “defect” is used, it refers to a “fault” as defined below. However, different cultures and standards may use somewhat different meanings for these terms, which have led to attempts to define them. Partial definitions taken from standard (IEEE610.12-90) are:

  • Error: “A difference…between a computed result and the correct result”
  • Fault: “An incorrect step, process, or data definition in a computer program”
  • Failure: “The [incorrect] result of a fault”
  • Mistake: “A human action that produces an incorrect result”
  • Failures found in testing as a result of software faults are included as defects in the discussion in this section. Reliability models are built from failure data collected during software testing or from software in service, and thus can be used to predict future failures and to assist in decisions on when to stop testing.

One probable action resulting from SQM findings is to remove the defects from the product under examination. Other actions enable the achievement of full value from the findings of SQM activities. These actions include analyzing and summarizing the findings, and using measurement techniques to improve the product and the process as well as to track the defects and their removal.

Data on the inadequacies and defects found during the implementation of SQM techniques may be lost unless they are recorded. For some techniques (for example, technical reviews, audits, inspections), recorders are present to set down such information, along with issues and decisions. When automated tools are used, the tool output may provide the defect information. Data about defects may be collected and recorded on an SCR (software change request) form and may subsequently be entered into some type of database, either manually or automatically, from an analysis tool. Reports about defects are provided to the management of the organization.

Questions & Answers

define iterative model. example of iterative model. advantages and disadvantages of iterative model. when to use iterative model
Okello Reply
i try out in netbeans this code:public class Profile { private Profile(int w) { // line 1 System.out.println(w); } public final Profile() { // line 5 System.out.println(10); } public static void main(String args[]) { Profile obj = new Profile(50); } } It is the question 5, and the answer is 50
Jacqueline Reply
i need help....Discuss the factors that influence the choice of the software development methodology to use when implementing software projects?(20)
tatenda Reply
The success rate of software development projects can be increased by using a methodology that is adequate for the specific characteristics of those projects.  then the focus on RAD,XP,RUP.
Hemant
hemant hie...it is a presentation i am working on...can you help me wth the introduction....please a powerful one hahahahha
tatenda
yes
Hemant
Define and show all Dipthongs and vowels used in english phonetics
Okendro Reply
what is the software engineering
Axmed Reply
Please how can I create an application?
Eric Reply
please how can I create an application
Nchor
How do we create a software
Florence Reply
give a more direct question
Louis Reply
what is semantics?
amjad
what r the computer codes
Kawuba Reply
machine code, source code , object code, and byte code etc
Hemant
what is software
Manobendra Reply
a collection of program executable by code is called software
Hemant
how can I create a software
Mary Reply
use in any model . then after you create any software
Hemant
what is capability maturity model integration
Muctarr
what is maturity level
Muctarr
maturity level is organization's process improvement achievement in multiple process areas
Hemant
how to trubulshoot is configuration ?
priya Reply
hello
Julius
hello
abeer
hello
Sahil
hello
Natnael
Hello
Eric
Guy's put your answer only
Natnael
click start then click run then type msconfig then ok
Natnael
explain coco model
dawood Reply
it model based on LOC. i.e; number of lines of code.
Hemant
What is a client engineer
buthayna Reply
A Customer Engineer (CE) is a worker whose primary job scope is to provide a service to customers who have signed a contract with the company.
Fokuo
Thank you
buthayna
Hi
ahly
hello,how are you doing?
Fokuo
nothing
Hemant
it's a pleasure meeting you.
Fokuo
tq
Hemant
Nice to meet you too
Hemant
good night
Hemant
hi in here
Asongafac
hello
Eric
please I want to more about this group
Asongafac
pravinkumar
pravin
hello
pravin
I want to create software
Michael
name suraj kumae
Suraj
how can i ave install usb drive but get it not connecting phone
Micheal Reply
hmm
abang
may be it has a problem
abang
maybe u should change usb drive
gabriel
yes
Ali

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Source:  OpenStax, Software engineering. OpenStax CNX. Jul 29, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10790/1.1
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