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Test process

Testing concepts, strategies, techniques, and measures need to be integrated into a defined and controlled process which is run by people. The test process supports testing activities and provides guidance to testing teams, from test planning to test output evaluation, in such a way as to provide justified assurance that the test objectives will be met cost-effectively.

Practical considerations

Attitudes/egoless programming

A very important component of successful testing is a collaborative attitude towards testing and quality assurance activities. Managers have a key role in fostering a generally favorable reception towards failure discovery during development and maintenance; for instance, by preventing a mindset of code ownership among programmers, so that they will not feel responsible for failures revealed by their code.

Test guides

The testing phases could be guided by various aims, for example: in risk-based testing, which uses the product risks to prioritize and focus the test strategy; or in scenario-based testing, in which test cases are defined based on specified software scenarios.

Test process management (ieee1074-97, ieee12207.0-96:s5.3.9)

Test activities conducted at different levels must be organized, together with people, tools, policies, and measurements, into a well-defined process which is an integral part of the life cycle. In IEEE/EIA Standard 12207.0, testing is not described as a stand-alone process, but principles for testing activities are included along with both the five primary life cycle processes and the supporting process. In IEEE Std 1074, testing is grouped with other evaluation activities as integral to the entire life cycle.

Test documentation and work products (ieee829-98)

Documentation is an integral part of the formalization of the test process. The IEEE Standard for Software Test Documentation (IEEE829-98) provides a good description of test documents and of their relationship with one another and with the testing process. Test documents may include, among others, Test Plan, Test Design Specification, Test Procedure Specification, Test Case Specification, Test Log, and Test Incident or Problem Report. The software under test is documented as the Test Item. Test documentation should be produced and continually updated, to the same level of quality as other types of documentation in software engineering.

Internal vs. independent test team

Formalization of the test process may involve formalizing the test team organization as well. The test team can be composed of internal members (that is, on the project team, involved or not in software construction), of external members, in the hope of bringing in an unbiased, independent perspective, or, finally, of both internal and external members. Considerations of costs, schedule, maturity levels of the involved organizations, and criticality of the application may determine the decision.

Cost/effort estimation and other process measures (ieee982.1-88)

Several measures related to the resources spent on testing, as well as to the relative fault-finding effectiveness of the various test phases, are used by managers to control and improve the test process. These test measures may cover such aspects as number of test cases specified, number of test cases executed, number of test cases passed, and number of test cases failed, among others.

Questions & Answers

define iterative model. example of iterative model. advantages and disadvantages of iterative model. when to use iterative model
Okello Reply
i try out in netbeans this code:public class Profile { private Profile(int w) { // line 1 System.out.println(w); } public final Profile() { // line 5 System.out.println(10); } public static void main(String args[]) { Profile obj = new Profile(50); } } It is the question 5, and the answer is 50
Jacqueline Reply
i need help....Discuss the factors that influence the choice of the software development methodology to use when implementing software projects?(20)
tatenda Reply
The success rate of software development projects can be increased by using a methodology that is adequate for the specific characteristics of those projects.  then the focus on RAD,XP,RUP.
Hemant
hemant hie...it is a presentation i am working on...can you help me wth the introduction....please a powerful one hahahahha
tatenda
yes
Hemant
Define and show all Dipthongs and vowels used in english phonetics
Okendro Reply
what is the software engineering
Axmed Reply
Please how can I create an application?
Eric Reply
please how can I create an application
Nchor
How do we create a software
Florence Reply
give a more direct question
Louis Reply
what is semantics?
amjad
what r the computer codes
Kawuba Reply
machine code, source code , object code, and byte code etc
Hemant
what is software
Manobendra Reply
a collection of program executable by code is called software
Hemant
how can I create a software
Mary Reply
use in any model . then after you create any software
Hemant
what is capability maturity model integration
Muctarr
what is maturity level
Muctarr
maturity level is organization's process improvement achievement in multiple process areas
Hemant
how to trubulshoot is configuration ?
priya Reply
hello
Julius
hello
abeer
hello
Sahil
hello
Natnael
Hello
Eric
Guy's put your answer only
Natnael
click start then click run then type msconfig then ok
Natnael
explain coco model
dawood Reply
it model based on LOC. i.e; number of lines of code.
Hemant
What is a client engineer
buthayna Reply
A Customer Engineer (CE) is a worker whose primary job scope is to provide a service to customers who have signed a contract with the company.
Fokuo
Thank you
buthayna
Hi
ahly
hello,how are you doing?
Fokuo
nothing
Hemant
it's a pleasure meeting you.
Fokuo
tq
Hemant
Nice to meet you too
Hemant
good night
Hemant
hi in here
Asongafac
hello
Eric
please I want to more about this group
Asongafac
pravinkumar
pravin
hello
pravin
I want to create software
Michael
name suraj kumae
Suraj
how can i ave install usb drive but get it not connecting phone
Micheal Reply
hmm
abang
may be it has a problem
abang
maybe u should change usb drive
gabriel
yes
Ali

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Source:  OpenStax, Software engineering. OpenStax CNX. Jul 29, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10790/1.1
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